United Nations Essay

1128 words - 5 pages

To what extent is the UN effective in ensuring peace and security?

The United Nations was set up in 1945 and contains 192 members which is ongoing. Its primary aim was to ensure it safeguarded peace and security, with other aims revolving around human rights, international law and social progress. The UN has been heavily criticised due its functions and how it operate, however many would argue that the UN has been very effective in ensuring peace and, as an effect, security.
To some extent the UN has been very effective in ensuring peace and security solely due to the reason it is the closest organisation our world has to global governance. Its policing the international system and the ...view middle of the document...

Economic globalisation has led to complex interdepence, which liberals argue; help reduce the chance of war as it seems costly. Furthermore, the free trade that economic globalisation has endorsed, has certainly reduced the chances of war between states as the relationship between the countries will be damaged and reduce chances of future trade. The relationship between states has changed since as they now seek “trade over war” and also closer cooperation or even integration as evident in the European Union. The EU has a single market which all member states can benefit from which makes war between states very unlikely as it will be costly to its economy, which demonstrates a state’s capable power as the economy is now considered the significant element of national power. Thesis??- no democratic countries go to war?? Overall, it may not be solely the UN in only ensuring peace and security as we can see in a globalised world which sees a huge increase in the number of institutional bodies that reduce the likelihood of war and promotes peace as a result.
Although this may be the case, it is a very wide accusation to not agree that the UN has played a pivotal role in maintaining world order and peace. This is evident in the aftermath of the cold war. As George H.W. Bush said it was the beginning of the “New World Order”. After the cold war ended and the Soviet Union dissolved, the UN had high hopes of retaining its powers from the great powers- USA and Russia, and establishing its role on the world stage. This was very clearly shown through the decrease in vetos by the P5 which helped the UN function as a collective body and become more decisive and promote even more peace and security. Its peacekeeping operations had nearly doubled during the post-cold war era. With less frequent deadlocks, it substantially grew to become a world leader in ensuring peace. The Security Council has approved non-military enforcements on number of occasions such as Afghanistan, Iraq, Former Yugoslavia and Rwanda. The peacekeeping operations in the early 90s to El Salvador, Cambodia, Mozambique demonstrated that the UN could do more than just establish...

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