Unit 6 Assignment
Unit 6 Assignment
Humans in the United States are used to going to the grocery store and having a plethora of different kinds of food at our disposal. Most grocery stores will carry foods from all over the world and stock their shelves. People will buy groceries for all their meals and not realize that these foods are not just from the local grocery store, but have come from somewhere else. In fact, grocery stores are equipped with fruit and vegetables year round even though it may not be the season for them. By the time all the ingredients for one meal arrive in North America, it has traveled at least 1500 to 4000 miles (Macpherson, ...view middle of the document...
Of course, just like many foods, chicken can be purchased through local organic farmers as well. Rice can also be grown locally and in fact, farmers in Arkansas, California, Louisiana, Texas, Missouri, and Mississippi produce more than 20 billion pounds of rice a year (USARice, n.d.). Broccoli is nearly grown in every state, however, California is the main producer (Agricultural Marketing Resource Center, 2015).
A Simple dessert of strawberries and whipped cream also originate somewhere prior to the grocery store. Dairy of course is found locally in dairy farms. Most state has this available to them. Most commercial strawberries in the United States are grown in California or Florida, but they can be grown in most states (Watson, 2015).
Coffee, water, and wine come from all over as well. Coffee is available in the grocery stores, but comes from mostly Latin American countries and some from Hawaii. The water sources are usually local and from groundwater. Wine is found in many different wineries. Wine can be made in all the states, but most common is California, Washington, Oregon, and New York (US Wine, 2015).
Most of the fruits and vegetables can be grown in ones back yard, however, most of the meal that was discussed probably came from a farm or plant. If the item is grown on a farm, chances are that the vegetables or fruits have been irrigated, fertilized, and cultivation before it reaches the grocery store. Just looking at how food gets from a farm or plant to the grocery store is quite a process. In order to transport food long distances, it is highly processed in factories using preservatives, irradiation, and other means to keep the product safe for transport and sale (Cuesa, 2015). By the time it reaches the grocery store it may have lost some of its taste and nutritional value. Another issue to examine is meat like the chicken in the meal that is discussed. Chicken will typically be transported fresh, not frozen in refrigerated trucks. It could take up to 14 days before the chicken is actually consumed (Mainstreet, 2009). The employees at the plants or farms are exposed to the pesticides and agricultural work is hard and can be dangerous. Annual rates of work0related deaths among far workers are two to four times greater than those for the general workforce (Natural Resource Defense Council, n.d.) Migrant and seasonal farmworkers have exceptionally difficult workers may suffer high pesticide exposure.
Instead of shopping at the local grocery store and be unfamiliar with where and how the food has reached the store, there are other options. Locally there are farmers markets or local farms that have organic products. Even in the grocery stores, they have organic options as well. In Oregon, there are very nice farmers markets that have fresh produce. As far as chicken, there is free range, hormone free, and organic chickens available. They can be found in some grocery stores and some specialty grocery stores...