1 / 4
Principles of Safeguarding and Protection in Health and Social Care
As a support worker it is very important to know definitions of abuse, to be able to identify signs of potential abuse and to be able to identify how to report suspected abuse.
Physical abuse is abuse involving contact intended to cause feelings of intimidation, injury or other physical suffering or bodily harm. There are many types of physical abuse, including: hitting, throwing, poisoning, punching, pulling, kicking or otherwise causing physical harm to a person. We can identify physical abuse from bruises, injuries, cuts, lack of personal hygiene or dirty clothing. Physical abuse can affect every ...view middle of the document...
Emotional abuse can leave deep psychological scars and can seriously damage the self-confidence of the person experiencing the abuse.
Financial abuse can take many forms, from denying you all access to funds, to making you solely responsible for all finances while handling money irresponsibly himself. Financial abuse can include the following: preventing you from getting or keeping a job, denying access to cheque book/account/finances, putting all bills in your name, making you give up your savings, not working them but forcing you to work to pay for everything.Financial abuse can have serious and long term effects. Person can become trapped in a cycle of poverty; they can experience physical and psychological ill health, isolation and feeling that they can’t escape from the abusive relationship.
Institutional abuse can occur in a care home, nursing home, acute hospital or in-patient setting and can be any of the following types of abuse: neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse, verbal abuse, discriminatory abuse, psychological and emotional abuse, financial abuse.
Self-neglect is a behavioural condition in which an individual neglects to attend to their basic needs, such as personal hygiene, appropriate clothing, feeding, or tending appropriately to any medical conditions they have. Self-neglect can be as a result of brain injury, dementia or mental illness. It can be a result of any mental or physical illness which has an effect on the person's physical abilities, energy levels, attention, organisational skills or motivation.
A decrease in motivation can also be an unfortunate side effect of necessary psychiatric medications, leading to those requiring them being at higher risk of self-neglect than might be caused by their illness alone.
Factors may include if the individual has a mental disability such as dementia or not having mental capacity. If the individual is secluded or isolated or are vulnerable.
There could also be factors for the abuser which could include the abuser having lack of training, also abusing their power. Sometimes personal issues have a part to play which could include the career/abuser being stressed or having a history of abuse and continuing the cycle.
Abuse is a far bigger problem than many people realise. If I can see signs of any abuse l should OBSERVE, RECORD AND REPORT
R RESPOND without showing signs of disquiet, anxiety or shock
E ENQUIRE casually about how an injury was sustained or why the person appears upset
2 / 4
C CONFIDENTIALITY should not be promised
O OBSERVE carefully the behaviour or demeanour of the person expressing concern
R RECORD in detail what you have seen and heard
D DO NOT interrogates or enters into detailed investigations
Most importantly, listen to the person.
The responsibility for determining whether the person is in need of protection should never rest on an individual professional. If in any doubt on how to proceed seek advice from the...