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Unikl Ecitie Individua Assignment Siti Arafah

2025 words - 9 pages


Pengenalan Perlembagaan Malaysia | |
Sejarah Perlembagaan Malaysia | |
Definisi Perlembagaan Konsep Perlembagaan Ciri-ciri Perlembagaan Malaysia | |
Hak Asasi Perlembagaan Malaysia( belom siap) | |
Fungsi dan tujuan Perlembagaan | |


Malaysia merupakan Negara berdaulat dan mempunyai sistem pentadbiran dan sistem perundangan yang unik dan tersendiri. Setiap Negara mempunyai sistem perlembagaan mengikut undang-undang yang telah ditetapkan bagi membantu pemerintah dan pemimpin Negara dalam mempermudahkan proses mentadbir Negara dalam pelbagai aspek seperti aspek ekonomi, politik dan sosial.
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Sejarah perlembagaan moden Malaysia bermula pada akhir abad ke 19, ketika kerajaan British menguasai Tanah Melayu.

Berikut merupakan kronologi ringkas sejarah perlembagaan Malaysia :

Kemenangan Parti Perikatan dalam Pilihanraya Persekutuan pertama pada tahun 1955, Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra telah dipilih sebagai Ketua Menteri Pertama.

Penggubalan Perlembagaan Persekutuan Tanah Melayu merupakan langkah pertama ke arah membentuk Kerajaan sendiri selepas Britain bersetuju untuk memberikan kemerdekaan kepada Tanah Melayu pada 1956

Pada Januari 1956, Tunku Abdul Rahman mengetuai rombongan ke London untuk membincangkan soal penggubalan Perlembagaan Persekutuan dan merundingkan tarikh kemerdekaan untuk negara.

Pada Mac 1956 satu Suruhanjaya Perlembagaan diketuai Lord Reid telah ditubuhkan untuk merangka dan meneliti Perlembagaan Persekutuan Tanah Melayu.

Pada 31 Ogos 1957, Perlembagaan yang digubal Suruhanjaya Reid ini diiktiraf Jawatankuasa Kerja sebagai Perlembagaan Persekutuan Tanah Melayu bermula tarikh kemerdekaan Negara.

Apabila Sabah dan Sarawak menyertai Persekutuan Tanah Melayu pada tahun 1963, beberapa peruntukan Perlembagaan Persekutuan telah dipinda dan nama negara ditukar kepada Malaysia.


3.0 Definisi Perlembagaan

Apakah itu perlembagaan ?

* Satu dokumen yang mengandungi semua susunan peraturan dan undang-undang dasar yang dianggap penting bagi pemerintahan dan pentadbiran sesebuah negara.
* Digubal sebagai garis panduan tentang corak pemerintahan sistem politik dan pentadbiran sesebuah Negara
* Perlembagaan wujud daripada kehendak keadaan semasa dan diasaskan atas kebolehan kerajaan untuk menjamin semua yang terkandung di dalam kandungan perlembagaan
* Menyatakan tanggungjawab dan kewajipan setiap warganegara terhadap pemerintah dan Negara masing-masing.

3.1 Konsep Perlembagaan

Pada asasnya, perlembagaan ditakrifkan sebagai prinsip asas yang mengasaskan sesebuah negara dan memperkenalkan sistem pemerintahan seperti yang termaktub sama ada dalam undang-undang atau adat perundangan. Perlembagaan adalah sejenis undang-undang yang mengandungi peraturan-peraturan yang boleh dikuatkuasakan.
Beberapa konsep penting yang berkaitan dengan perlembagaan adalah:

a) Perlembagaan merupakan undang-undang yang mengandungi peraturan serta prinsip sebagai asas kepada pembentukan kerajaan dan juga panduan kepada kerajaan untuk melaksanakan kuasa dan mentadbir negara
b) Perlembagaan sesebuah negara boleh wujud dalam bentuk bertulis dan juga tidak bertulis. Perlembagaan Malaysia adalah contoh perlembagaan bertulis. Contoh perlembagaan tidak bertulis ialah perlembagaan United Kingdom.
c) Perlembagaan menjadi asas penting untuk menjamin kesinambungan pentadbiran dan kestabilan politik. Perlembagaan menjamin pentadbiran yang cekap, jujur, ikhlas, telus dan adil serta menjamin taat setia rakyat yang tidak berbelah bahagi kepada negara.

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