Uni Junction Transistor Essay

5969 words - 24 pages

Politics
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Politic" redirects here. For the political magazine, see The Politic.
For other uses, see Politics (disambiguation).

This article is part of the
Politics series
Politics
List of political topics
Politics by country
Politics by subdivision
Political economy
Political history
Political history of the world
Political philosophy
Political science
Political system
Federacy
Feudalism
Monarchy
Parliamentary
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Capitalist
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International relations (theory)
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Comparative politics
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1 Left-right politics
4.2 Authoritarian-libertarian politics
4.3 World politics
5 Political corruption
6 See also
6.1 Lists
6.2 Related topics
7 References
[edit]Etymology

The word "politics" comes from the Greek word "Πολιτικά" (politika), modeled on Aristotle's "affairs of the city", the name of his book on governing and governments, which was rendered in English mid-15 century as Latinized "Polettiques".[4] Thus it became "politics" in Middle English c. 1520s (see the Concise Oxford Dictionary). The singular "politic" first attested in English 1430 and comes from Middle French "politique", in turn from Latin "politicus",[5] which is the romanization of the Greek "πολιτικός" (politikos), meaning amongst others "of, for, or relating to citizens", "civil", "civic", "belonging to the state",[6] in turn from "πολίτης" (polites), "citizen"[7] and that from "πόλις" (polis), "city".[8]
[edit]History

The history of politics is reflected in the origin and development of the institutions of government.
[edit]Native Americans
Lewis H. Morgan author of Ancient Society considers the American Indians to be the link between the primitive and patriarchal state of society.[9]
According to legend and the Codex Chimalpopoca, Quetzalcoatl being intoxicated with pulque had incest with his sister Quetzalpetlatl. Upon realizing the act, he declared: "... I've sinned. I'm not fit to rule." He burned his palace, buried his treasures and left forever the beloved city of Tollan, cradle of Toltec civilization.[10]
[edit]Patriarchal societies

Abraham the patriarch
All patriarchal societies are known by certain characteristic features:
Male kinship is prevalent. Men are counted as kin because they are descended from the same male ancestor.
Marriage is permanent. It is not until one woman is married to one man that certainty of fatherhood appears in society but it is not a general rule of patriarchal society for polygamy does exist in the earlier stages of social development.
Paternal authority is the ruling principle of the social order. In ancient Rome, the patria potestas extended to all descendants of one living male ancestor; it comprised control and punishment not to mention questions of life and death.
These features of the development of the patriarchal state of society are as common among the Jews as among the Arabs, among the Aryans as among the Dravidians and even among the Germanic and Celtic peoples.
The patriarchal state of society consists of two stages, tribe and clan. The tribe is a large group of hundreds of members who descend from one common male ancestor, sometimes from a fictitious character satisfying the etiquette that descent from the male is the only basis of society. The clan, on the other hand, is a smaller group reaching back into the past for only four generations or so to a common well-known male ancestor. The clan always breaks down into smaller units when its limit is reached. According to the Scottish historian W....

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