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Ungs Extremism Essay

1250 words - 5 pages

ISM | Root Word | History | Scope | Characteristics | Advantages | Disadvantages | Islamic Stand | Example |
Secularism | | | | | | | | |
Postmodernism | Post = After, behind and followingModern = Modo modernus or modus which means just now, ability to measure manner | 1917-to show nihilism of modern western cultures1930-to show reaction cause by modernism1970-apply in art and architecture | 1917-to show nihilism of modern western cultures1930-to show reaction cause by modernism1970-apply in art and architecture | 1) worldview that deny all worldviews2) self-identity was emerged from group3) fragmentation into smaller ones4) distrust universal and force structure | 1) worldview ...view middle of the document...

| 1) Extreme liberalism.2) Religious dogmatism.3) Eruption of masochistic. | 1) Unquestioned certainty about one’s position.2) Demonizing those who disagree.3) Desire for a Final Battle, or “Holy War”.4) Lack the knowledge about the Qur’an and Sunnah.5) Lacking in knowledge of the objectives of Shariah6) Lack of knowledge of proofs and tools in concluding thoughts.7) Lack of historical knowledge.8) Ignorance of the reality and environment. | 1.Extremism in politics to give freedom to the people of the country against tyranny.2.Create a unification among organizations (Jihadist). | 1.The excessiveness is too disagreeable for ordinary human nature to endure or tolerate. Allah’s commands and legislations are addressed to the whole humanity, not to a special group who may have a unique capacity for endurance.2.The excessiveness is short lived. The capacity and capability for human for endurance and perservence is naturally limited as man can easily become bored.3.Excessive practice jeopardize other rights and obligations. | The Islamic scholars believe that the idea of extremism will set a drawback especially its implication to the da’wah.Firstly, extremism is by definition a position taken by a minority-those that are far from the centre or middle of the road. Therefore, an extremist attitude will not attract the majority of the non-Muslims, who would simply find it too difficult to follow.Secondly, extremism hinders da’wah by causing unnecessary conflicts, which in turn cause concern to people in authority or give them reason to intervene. This intervene limit the freedom of serious da’wah organizations to carry out their programs. | The Taliban believe that their ways of jihad are the path to paradise. Their ways are to kill the enemies of Islam. One of their methods is to strike in the heart of the enemy territory. For example, the collapsed of the Empire State building in 9/11/2001. |
Liberalism | from the Latin liber means “free” | Liberalism as a political movement spans the better part of the last four centuries, though the use of the word liberalism to refer to a specific political doctrine did not occur until the 19th century. Perhaps the first modern state founded on liberal principles, with no hereditary aristocracy, was The United States of America, whose Declaration of Independence states that "all men are created equal and endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights". A few years later, the French Revolution overthrew the hereditary aristocracy, with the slogan "liberty, equality, fraternity", and was the first state in history to grant universal male suffrage. | 1. Liberalism and cultural difference.2. Liberalism and women's difference.3. Economic liberalism4. Classical and revisionist liberalism. | 1. It is belief,which it founded on humanism, in the integrity and sacredness of free individual.2. It emphasizes on the freedom of the individual to express their faith,thought,and ideas | 1. Because liberalism upholds...

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