This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Understanding Interview Essay

1605 words - 7 pages

Understanding the Personal Interview:
A Study for Managers Involved in the Hiring Process

Updated by: LAURA SIMS

The Personal Interview
Introduction
It is ironic the large emphasis that is placed on the “personal interview” when arriving at selection decisions within organizations, despite its low reliability and low accuracy in predicting future job performance. These interviews are usually relatively unstructured. Recent literature reviews suggest that the interviewer’s judgmental errors, along with numerous errors and biases associated with the processing of applicant information, contribute to the low validity of personal interviews. Since the workforce is the primary asset in ...view middle of the document...

Furthermore, interview perceptions are based on the interviewer’s life experiences, goals, needs and values, and thus can affect the judgment of the applicant.

First, we discuss some of the psychological pitfalls of personal interviewing. Second, we look at a company that is experiencing personnel problems. Third, we look at how the problems can be resolved.
Pre-Interview Impression Effects
Before the interviewer greets the applicant and begins the discussion, judgments are likely to have already been formed. Impressions of the applicant’s qualifications and characteristics by looking solely at the application and resume could bias the conduct of the interviewer and the eventual results. First impressions of a person from just paper credentials can exert a disproportionate influence on our continued perception of them. A process model by Diboye, 2002, proposes three interview phases:
1. The Pre-Interview Phase
2. The Interview Phase—the face-to-face interview with the applicant
3. The Post-Interview Phase—where impressions are formed of the applicant’s qualifications and the decision is made to hire or not to hire
A study at the University Placement Center of 120 interviews by Macan and Diboye in 1990, revealed a strong positive correlation between pre-interview impressions and post-interview impressions.

Hakel, in 2002, concluded after his interview research that “It is abundantly clear that whatever information occurs first has disproportionate influence on the final outcome of interviews.”
This could be explained by the fact that people with high test scores, good grades, etc., on their credentials actually make better impressions in the interview, although studies have been done (Sparks & Manese, 1998) to show little support for this contention.
Self-Fulfilling Prophecy

An interviewer forms a pre-interview opinion of the applicant and categorizes the applicant as “ideal, highly qualified” or “typical” or “unqualified,” and the interviewer’s subsequent conception of the applicant then influences the subsequent gathering and processing of information. This “cognitive categorization,” means interviewers form expectancies of how applicants present themselves in an interview. Macan and Diboye confirmed this theory in a study they did and found that candidates with high qualifications were expected to give better answers and display traits of an ideal candidate. Their findings also revealed that interviewers have more favorable attitudes to these higher qualified applicants and show more signs of approval in their verbal and nonverbal behavior than the less qualified applicants. This, in turn, influences the applicant’s motivation to make a favorable self-presentation or stop the applicant from trying to make a good impression if he or she becomes discouraged. Also, the interviewer can lead to a behavioral confirmation by restricting the interviewee’s responses or by only asking about negative aspects of their...

Other Papers Like Understanding Interview

emotionally focused couple Essay

1766 words - 8 pages questions that help the couple provide information rather than simply providing yes or no answers. The tone of her voice was warm and expressive, she listened without interrupting the couple and gave appropriate responses to the couple’s questions. The therapist used eye contact to help connect with the clients and show them she is attentive and understanding. Using these skills throughout the interview allowed the couple to feel safe when providing

Com310 Week 5 Essay

1162 words - 5 pages -year-old boy who was a different race than George in self-defense reasoning. George accused the African American boy of having a weapon who shot the boy, which ended up killing him. Community was in uproar over this situation that lead to this controversial debate: did he shoot the boy out of defense or out of racial hate? These three media sources each have their own interpretation on the Zimmerman case after a recent worldwide interview with

Hrm Midterm Review

835 words - 4 pages effective use of pauses—waiting patiently without embarrassment for the subordinate to talk; (c) reflect feelings—responding to and restating feelings in a way that shows understanding of them; and (d) summarize (3)The problem-solving interview takes the manager out of the role of judge and puts him or her in the role of helper. The objective is to help subordinates discover their own performance deficiencies and lead them to take the initiative in

Human Resource Management

774 words - 4 pages appraisal feedback, etc. (3) content. The content of the questions may be situational, job-related, or psychological. (4) the way the interview is administered. Interviews might be conducted by a panel of interviewers, sequentially or all at once, computerized, or personally. 2. Briefly describe each of the following possible types of interviews: unstructured panel interviews; structured sequential interviews; job-related structured

Examine the Advantages for Sociologists in Using Unstructured Interviews in Their Research

756 words - 4 pages Examine the advantages for sociologists in using unstructured interviews in their research (20 marks) An unstructured interview has no format and the questions are not prearranged. The interviewer chooses the questions depending on the interviewee and the situation. There are many advantages for sociologists in using unstructured interviews in their research, and one of the main advantages is the work of William Labov. Labov found that to

Evaluative Analysis Of Interview

1731 words - 7 pages This essay is going to analyse and evaluate an interview between a service user (actor) and a social worker (myself) in regards to the use of communication skills and the theoretical framework that underpins those skills. Firstly, the essay is going to look into definitions of communication skills and secondly we will analyse the interview interaction and relevant communication theories. According to Trevithick (2005, p 116) ‘good communication

Tanglewood Case 6

3343 words - 14 pages and communication skills | Yes | X | X | | | Capability of reasoning inductively | Yes | | X | | X | Skills and analysis of financial and operational data | Yes | X | X | | X | Understanding the fundamental legal procedures of managing personnel | Yes | X | X | | | 2.) Interview Questions: During the interview portion, Tanglewood hiring managers will be asking 10 questions. The first five questions will be behavioral

Discuss the View That Children’s Understanding of Friendship Is Determined Largely by Age. Refer to Evidence in Your Answer. (12 Marks)

873 words - 4 pages observations of friendships and behaviours may be more appropriate and valid. People may not tell the truth in interviews; also there are issues of reliability, as younger children may not understand the question or people may interpret it in different ways. Damon (1977) also carried out research to do with age related differences in the understanding of friendships. The method included children being interview and asked questions such as

Interviewing

2729 words - 11 pages successful in your interview, but in your understanding of your role. You may find that moving forward in your career you feel more confident of your impact as a manager in the business, or you may discover that you can be doing more in your role to grow as a manager, this can only be a good thing! THE INTERVIEW ITSELF First Impressions count!!! • Don’t be late! – Plan your journey so that you arrive early and leave

Malay Consumers' Attitude In The Purchase Of Hair Styling Produces

4879 words - 20 pages accomplishment of goals and objectives established for the meeting. From the observation sheets, when I was doing the interview, I made all questions clear and never indicated what I thought the correct answer was.However, the observers noted that I did not confirm the interviewees' full understanding during the interview. The interviewee seemed to willing ask for clarification of a question and even asked additional questions of her own, that I

Emotionally Focused Couple

1700 words - 7 pages Josh several questions about their past and experiences to begin building their relationship and fundamental understanding of where they have been and what they would like to see changed. The clarification stage is used to help clients identify their experiences and goals in relation to what is being disclosed throughout the interview. Susan helps Patty confront her inability to let Josh close because of her experiences in which she was hurt

Related Essays

Learnong Essay

997 words - 4 pages Option: Personal Interview Introduction to Assignment: The experiential learning paper should be an extensive and thoughtful research paper which synthesizes scholarly research and personal experience. Synthesize means to blend and create something new and unique, so you will combine your research with your experience to create a new understanding of the topic. The paper should be at least 5-6 pages long (including cover page, but not reference

Having A Successful Interview Essay

981 words - 4 pages job requirements, the colleagues and the company’s requirements. Understanding the structure of the interview will help you understand what the interviewer is looking for and that way you could customize your answer in order to help him recognize that you have what it takes to do the job. On the day of the interview arrive around fifteen minutes earlier than your appointment. Be

Hr Interview Presentation Essay

1174 words - 5 pages Interviews: Among organizational decision-makers, interviews continue to be one of the most frequently used assessment methods to assess candidates for employment, and have been found to be the assessment method most preferred by supervisors and HR practitioners. From an applicant's perspective, obtaining a job interview is fundamental to job search success. Structured Interview Components Campion et al. 1997 studied methods of

Personal Computer System Components Essay

1844 words - 8 pages finding information on the Internet. One way computers play a vital role in everyday life is a computer that helps manage a nuclear power plant. One computer might take the place of numerous people by checking readings and calculating information. Having a thorough knowledge of how a computer operates and how the components interact is very important in understanding how a computer works.      When using computer terms, it is very confusing