UN-Millennium Development Goals 2015
Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
by Adam Pindur
1. Introduction 3
2. The path towards the Millennium Declaration 4
3. Millennium Development Goals 5
4. Global Poverty: Facts and figures 6
5. Measures against global poverty 8
6. Conclusion 10
7. Bibliography 11
„Those who has seen the world's poorest people, feels rich enough to help“
Albert Schweitzer (1875-1965)
At the Millennium Summit of the UN in September 2000, Heads of State and Government of the world, decided to reduce the number of people living in extreme ...view middle of the document...
Early 1990s several UN conferences were held, which different aspects of global social development and poverty eradication discussed.
The "World Summit for Social Development" in 1995 was one of the most important conferences for the development of later MDGs. (AKSB, 2012) It was decided that the highly indebted developing countries should be helped by grant debt relief.
(Lexikon der Nachhaltigkeit, 2011)
In 1996 adopted the OECD's Development Assistance Committee the resolution "Shaping the 21st Century. These so-called International Development Goals should be pursued and achieved by each country. The aim of the International Development Goals from 1996 was to halve until 2015 the number of people living in extreme poverty, ensuring education for all people in the world, child mortality should be reduced by two thirds and maternal mortality reduced by three quarters, all people should have a system of primary health care available. Proven record of success in gender equality should be achieved even by 2005. The concerns of the previous conferences were the implementation of civil, political, social and cultural human rights. Specific approaches were there to improve the international trading and financial system, the establishment of a market economy system, the retransmission of democratic structures and thus a stronger involvement of civil society in political decision-making, other positive changes in the legal position of women in societies, as well as a sustainable protection of the environment and resources.
(Lexikon der Nachhaltigkeit, 2011)
Despite many conferences, the balance in the year 2000 was still devastating. There were over one billion people living in extreme poverty. One fifth of the world population had to survive with less than one U.S. dollar per day, more than 700 million people suffering from malnutrition and over one billion people have no clean drinking water. It is easily recognizable that the ambitious goals of the nineties have been missed.
Millennium Development Goals
In September 2000 took the known UN Millennium Summit place in New York.
The present representatives of the the 189 member countries adopted in the 55thGeneral Assembly the Millennium Declaration. There were set targets for fight against poverty. It was required from all member countries to combat poverty, to promote and to achieve respect for human dignity, gender equality, democratic structures, ecological sustainability and world peace (UN, 2000). To implement these goals, a group of representatives of the Secretariat of the UN, the World Bank, OECD and the IMF, created eight goals, the so-called "Millennium Development Goals" (MDG). The MDG, which provide for the elimination of global social problems until the year 2015, include:
Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger.
The first goal aims to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger. The number of people who have less than one U.S. dollar a day to live and the...