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Uk Election Process Essay

1651 words - 7 pages

Publicity and Electioneering Activities
It is important that a candidate becomes well known in the area they are hoping to represent and to this end they will often undertake a great deal of publicity work, such as leafleting houses, displaying posters, and canvassing door-to-door for votes. Publicity costs money and so the more wealthy parties will have an advantage. In addition, during a general election you will often see party political broadcasts for the main parties outlining their policies. This is because they can afford publicity campaigns that include film-making.
Voting Processes Used
As technology has evolved there have become more ways to cast a vote than ever before. Most ...view middle of the document...

Publicity costs money and so the more wealthy parties will have an advantage. In addition, during a general election you will often see party political broadcasts for the main parties outlining their policies. This is because they can afford publicity campaigns that include film-making.
Voting Processes Used
As technology has evolved there have become more ways to cast a vote than ever before. Most people are familiar with the traditional way of going to a polling office (usually a church, school or community centre that has changed purposes for the day) to go into a voting booth and place a cross on a ballot slip next to the name of the candidate you wish to vote for.
First Past the Post (FPTP)
The British electoral system is based on the FPTP system. This system is very clear-cut and definitive, the candidate with the highest number of votes in a constituency wins. In order to vote in a FPTP system you simply mark a cross (X) next to the name of the candidate you are choosing.
Alternative Vote (AV)
Voters must rank the candidates on the ballot paper in order of preference. If a candidate receives 50 per cent or more of first preferences then they are elected. If not, then the candidate with the lowest number of first choices is eliminated and their second choices are redistributed to the other candidates. This process continues until one candidate has an absolute majority.
Proportional Representation
Representatives
Representatives become representatives through winning an election. These can then lead to bigger elections down the line. An election period can last for anything from 1 year up to 5 years. A mayor will serve for 1 year; a local councillor will serve for up to 4 years and an MP will serve for up to 5 years. The Prime minister will serve up to 5 years and can call an election whenever they want in this time period, they will usually call for an election after a successful or something that will make them be favoured by the public to increase their chance of being re-elected.
Representatives
Representatives become representatives through winning an election. These can then lead to bigger elections down the line. An election period can last for anything from 1 year up to 5 years. A mayor will serve for 1 year; a local councillor will serve for up to 4 years and an MP will serve for up to 5 years. The Prime minister will serve up to 5 years and can call an election whenever they want in this time period, they will usually call for an election after a successful or something that will make them be favoured by the public to increase their chance of being re-elected.
The Influence of the Party System on Elections
Political parties have a tremendous amount of influence on the election process. Firstly and most importantly, the political party in power is the one who chooses when to have a general election. This means they can call a general election at any time within the five-year period that suits them and makes it more...

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