Ucr Vs. Ncvs Essay

904 words - 4 pages

UCR vs. NCVS
John Vega
SOC 274 (Criminology)
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The Uniform Crime Reports UCR Program from the FBI collects information on crimes reported to law enforcement authorities such as murder and non-negligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson. The this data is compiled from monthly law enforcement reports made directly to the FBI or to centralized state agencies that then report to the FBI. Each report submitted to the UCR Program is examined for reasonableness, accuracy, and deviations that ...view middle of the document...

The NCVS collects information on crimes suffered by individuals and households, whether or not those crimes were reported to law enforcement. It estimates the proportion of each crime type reported to law enforcement, and it summarizes the reasons that victims give for reporting or not reporting.The survey provides detailed information about, offenders, and the crimes including time and place of occurrence, use of weapons, nature of injury, and economic consequences. Questions also cover the experiences of victims with the criminal justice system, self-protective measures used by victims, and possible substance abuse by offenders. Supplements are added periodically to the survey to obtain detailed information on topics like school crime.Comparing UCR and NCVSThe two programs share many similarities. Both programs cover rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, theft, and motor vehicle theft. Rape, robbery, theft, and motor vehicle theft are defined identically by both the UCR and the NCVS. But the UCR Program measures the crime against women only, and the NCVS measures it against both sexes.Additionally they were created to serve different purposes. The UCR’s primary objective is to provide a reliable set of criminal justice statistics for law enforcement administration, its operation, and management. The NCVS provides previously unavailable information about crime. Both measure an overlapping but non-identical set of crimes. The NCVS includes crimes both reported and not reported to law enforcement. The NCVS excludes, but the UCR includes, homicide, arson, commercial crimes, and crimes against children under age 12. The UCR captures crimes reported to law enforcement but collects only arrest data for simple assaults and sexual assaults other than forcible rape. The NCVS and UCR definitions of some crime differ. The UCR defines burglary as the unlawful entry or attempted entry of a structure to commit a...

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