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U.S. Immigration Policies And Reform Essay

1859 words - 8 pages

U.S. Immigration Policies and Reform

| Econ 2020 Term Paper | December 4, 2013

Fall,2013 Mr. Wilson

Immigration is both an economic necessity and a major problem financially for

Economists today. Emigrants work in jobs that most Americans will not choose to

partake in, yet most of the money they make gets sent back to their home country and

therefore not going into the American economy. And many get paid off the books—lower

wages, generally—that does not ...view middle of the document...

Furthermore, 108,434 immigrants were deported between the



years of 1998 to 2007 and 5,100 children ended up in the Welfare System. (Council, The

Cost of Doing Nothing, 2013)

The Founding Director, Raul Hinojosa-Ojeda, of the North American Integration

and Development Center at UCLA, has determined that in just three years with

legalization of immigration workers there personal income would come out to be thirty to

thirty-six billion while generating 4.5 to 5.4 billion in taxes. He says that removing the

uncertainty of their status legally, immigrants will be able to move into higher-paying

jobs and become more stabilized and self-sufficient by opening bank accounts, increase

home ownership, and start businesses. (Council, The Cost of Doing Nothing, 2013)

If the eight million undocumented workers were deported there would not

suddenly be eight million jobs available for native citizens. In fact immigrants are more

likely to start businesses than American citizens (twenty-eight percent of start-ups

business in 2011 were owned by Immigrants). Immigrant owned businesses assets

amounts to $775 Billion in revenue, $125 billion in payroll, and $100 billion in income.

Additionally they employ one in ten workers. Eighteen percent of Fortune 500 companies

were created or co-founded by Immigrants (Commerce, 2013, p. 3).

Economist Giovanni Peri has estimated that from 1990 to 2006, immigration

increased the wages of Native Born Americans by 0.6 percent, college graduates received

an increase of 0.5 percent; whilst those that did not obtain their high school diploma rose

0.3 percent compared to graduates increasing by 0.4 percent. (Commerce, 2013, p. 4).



Immigrants will help pay for the Medicare and Social Security costs pending from

seventy seven million Baby Boomers retiring (twenty-five percent of the population).

(Commerce, 2013, p. 5)

There are sectors of the job markets that remain understaffed even during the slow

economy that could be stabilized by hiring immigrants in areas like Agriculture,

Engineering, Mathematics, Manufacturing, Science, Nursing, and Technology related

jobs. (Commerce, 2013, p. 6) Governments should market these jobs more effectively to

promote interest in these high-demand areas. However, Americans feel entitled to be able

to choose the high paying jobs and expect jobs despite the lack of availability.

Nevertheless, Colleges and Universities make more money while providing education for

the higher paying jobs due to longer schooling and specialization of skills.

The federal government has begun offering work visas (‘H’ the largest...

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