U.S. Criminal Justice System Compared To Canad

1360 words - 6 pages

U.S. Criminal Justice System Compared To Canada

U.S. Criminal Justice System Compared To Canada
The United States Criminal Justice System is used by national and local governments to maintain social control and punish violators of the law with criminal penalties. The primary agents responsible for upholding the law under the United States criminal justice system are the courts, defense attorneys and prosecutors, law enforcement officers along with prisons and jails. In joint efforts these agents work together to arrest, charge, adjudicate and punish those individuals found guilty of a crime. They are also responsible for ensuring that the accused are given a fair trial and that their ...view middle of the document...

Canadian law grants the ownership of firearms because it is seen as being for sport and hunting only. There is no clear right to use arms in self-defense, though they may be excused as use for self-defense against a violent attack. Rifles are regulated, but handguns are almost impossible to get legally. Failure to register a rifle may result in criminal charges, though implementation of these requirements is irregular. The proposal to ban handguns was made during the 2008 federal election campaign (CANADA’ S SYSTEM of JUSTICE, 2011).
January 8, 1790 was the first State of the Union address is given by first president George Washington. February 1, 1790 was The Supreme Court of the United States convenes for the initial session. The United States is a federal constitutional republic, in which the President of the United States, Congress, and judiciary share powers reserved to the national government, and the federal government shares sovereignty with the state governments. The executive branch is headed by the President and is independent of the legislature. Legislative power is vested in the two chambers of Congress, the Senate and the House of Representatives. The judicial branch is composed of the Supreme Court and lower federal courts, exercises judicial power. The judiciary's function is to interpret the United States Constitution and federal laws and regulations. This includes resolving disputes between the executive and legislative branches. The federal government's layout is explained in the Constitution. Two political parties, the Democratic Party and the Republican Party, have dominated American politics since the American Civil War, although other parties have also existed (U.S. History Timeline , 2011).
In 1867 Canada became quasi-independent with the British North America Act which was later renamed the Constitution Act of 1867. For many decades there was substantial British control, especially in the areas of foreign policy and defense. The process of disentangling the two countries was not completed until 1982. It was at this time that the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, the document that corresponds to the United States Bill of Rights, was adopted. Canada is a federation that is of 10 provinces (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and Saskatchewan) and three territories (Northwest Territories, Yukon, and Nunavut). The governor-general is the official representative of Queen Elizabeth II and the governor-general acts only on the advice of the Canadian prime minister (CANADA’ S SYSTEM of JUSTICE, 2011).
The House of Commons makes Canada's laws. Canadians elect representatives to the House of Commons. These representatives are called Members of Parliament (MPs) and usually belong to a political party. The political party that has the largest number of MPs forms the government, and its leader becomes prime minister. The Prime Minister...

Other Papers Like U.S. Criminal Justice System Compared to Canad

Criminal Justice System Explained Essay

787 words - 4 pages have experienced the justice system in Germany as well as in the U.S. and have come to the conclusion that a combination of both systems could be a good idea. But the United States needs to start with assuring that the laws become more uniform throughout the states. Why one states has a law and the next one does not, still causes a big confusion with me. References Hagan, F. E. (2010). Crime types and criminals. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications Inc.. Schmalleger, F. (2011). Criminal justice today: An indroductory text for the 21st century (11th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall.

Criminal Justice System Essay

1230 words - 5 pages Criminal Justice System Criminal Justice System Crime is defined in different ways by different sources. I will show two different sources that define crime but ultimately they mean the same thing just worded differently. The definition of crime in The Merriam-Webster dictionary is defined as an act or the commission of an act that is forbidden or the omission of a duty that is commanded by a public law and that makes the offender liable to

Criminal Justice System

860 words - 4 pages the laws, you would have a very difficult time proving the guilt or innocence of the individual committing the crime. Crime and law work together because laws are the guidelines that describe to us what in fact is a crime and what is not. The criminal justice system consists of the police, the criminal courts, and the correctional agencies. The police enforce the law, investigate crimes, apprehend offenders, reduce and prevent crime, protect the

Criminal Justice System Problems

765 words - 4 pages anything about that. Secondly, the prions are another problem in the criminal justice field. One of my former professors once told me that the prison system has given up on rehabilitation. It's just a place where convicts go to be warehoused. Prison makes criminals worse when they come out, instead of trying to get them to stop committing crimes. For example, my boyfriend brother has been in jail numerous times, and he has never learned a

Criminal Justice System

837 words - 4 pages Criminal Justice System Pg 1 Criminal Justice System James J. Bradbury University of Phoenix The United States Criminal Justice System has many different components and sub-components, from law enforcement officials to lawyers and judges to the correctional institutions. In this paper I will be defining what each component is responsible for and how it is processed. As this pertains to the health and welfare of the country I will also

Criminal Justice System - 742 words

742 words - 3 pages Criminal Justice System Leta McDaniel CJA/204 December 3rd 2012 Criminal Justice System Crime is any act that violates laws made by the majority of society. In other words any act that violates state, local or federal laws and has no justification or excuse that can be used (Schmalleger, ch.1 pg.7 (2011). The Consensus Model assumes that the pieces that make up the criminal justice system work properly together to deliver justice

Victimology and Criminal Justice System

2211 words - 9 pages Victimology and Criminal Justice System Lisa Moore CJA 540 May 7, 2010 Dr. Timothy Emerick Victimology and Criminal Justice System According to Karmen (2003) “victimology is the scientific study of victimization, including the relationships between victims and offenders, the interactions between victims and the criminal justice system that is, the police and courts, and corrections officials and the connections between victims and

Racism in the Criminal Justice System

4004 words - 17 pages , salaries, employment opportunities, segregations in societies, which in turn contribute to the inequalities in the Criminal Justice System. Consequences Incarceration has a great impact on the individual, the individual’s family and their community regardless what race or ethnicity an inmate is. However, as the racial and ethnic minorities are more likely to enter the criminal justice system, the effects are more profound on that group. When

Criminology And The Criminal Justice System

1111 words - 5 pages Criminology and the Criminal Justice System Jackulin, Cyrus Sec/340 October, 1, 2012 Criminology and the Criminal Justice System No matter where you live in the world the city or the country crime always happens from murder, rape, robbery, arson, assault, auto theft, and burglary. People try their hardest to try and find an area where they cannot deal with crime you can’t find a place. Either were you live crime goes up or down

Overview of the Criminal Justice System

838 words - 4 pages Overview of the Criminal Justice System Danita N Wright AIU Online Abstract The criminal justice system is made up of intricate pieces of a large puzzle. The age of “Law and Order”, CSI, and other television program has all but eliminated the real parts of the puzzle that lead to the arrest of the suspect. Before one is educated on how this works, he should be made aware of the roles that each person plays and at what stage they are

Failures Of The American Criminal Justice System

1936 words - 8 pages Lady Justice has long been an icon of the American criminal justice system. Her blindfold shows that justice should apply equally to everyone regardless of appearance, race, age, or gender. Her sword encourages the execution of justice while the scales she holds represent the idea that both sides (plaintiff and defendant) are clearly heard before a decision is made. However, Lady Justice often fails to get her job done. To better achieve

Related Essays

Racial Profiling In The U.S. Criminal Justice System

1045 words - 5 pages criminal justice system is a replication of racial profiling of the slavery era. Today, the black people are often viewed as suspects of drug possession among other crimes, which culminate in arrest, trial and conviction not necessarily on fair grounds. This claim is backed by several research findings on the prejudiced nature of the U.S. Criminal justice system in relation to minority groups. Hartley (2009) found that there are racial and ethnic

Criminal Justice System Essay 1016 Words

1016 words - 5 pages Criminal Justice System Jean H. Blanc CRJ 100 04/30/2013 Prof. McCarty Abstract According to Shae Irving, the word “criminal” is describe as “the society’s belief that certain act are unacceptable and that any perpetrator should be punish” [ (Irving, 2008) ]. Enter the American Criminal Justice System. This paper will give a brief description of the Criminal Justice System and its purpose, and describe the key component of this system

Criminal Justice System Essay 899 Words

899 words - 4 pages CJA/204 - Introduction to Criminal Justice July 20, 2015 Criminal Justice System Criminal justice is a system of practices and institutions of governments directed at upholding social control, deterring and mitigating crime, or sanctioning those who violate laws with criminal penalties and rehabilitation efforts (Wikipedia 2015). The criminal justice system makes up a set of independent agencies that is establish by the government. The

Criminal Justice System Paper

1003 words - 5 pages Criminal Justice System Criminal Justice System Introduction Criminal justice changes in rules, procedures, and terms from state to state. However, the punishment exercised on criminals cannot vary from the standards established by the United States. A crime is classified as an act that violates the federal laws of America. Consequently, all the violations are subject to different severities of punishment. Crimes in particular can