This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Typologies In Religious Organisations Essay

1177 words - 5 pages

Assess the usefulness of typologies in our understanding of religious organisations (33 marks)

Religions are based upon very heterogenic principles and are structured in different ways, making them different of each other and therefore proving that they are not universal as some sociologists argue. Typologies within religious organisations have helped as to define religions and prove that they are based on religious pluralism and that they can be era-dependent, or in other ways can become outdated.

Troeltsch was the first sociologist to divide religions into three different typologies; churches, sects and denominations, with very different characteristics and objectives. Troeltsch ...view middle of the document...

Also Robertson argues that globalisation together with trade and consumerism has made religious concerns less important in society which doesn’t place as much importance on religion as it did previously. Also the increase in church-state religion as a result of some actual changes in the law, such as the legalisation of gay marriage and the Iraq war, has decreased the power of the Church in England and so has happened in most societies around the globe.

Moreover Troeltsch also defines other religions as sects, however he sees them not as big and not as strong in contrast to churches and some denominations. The main example of sects is The People’s Temple, which perfectly illustrates the idea of a sect. The foundation of sects orbits around a main charismatic leader which guides disenfranchised and marginalised members towards a better life opposing the state and rejecting the world around them. Similarly to churches sect also guard the monopoly of the truth, however they become a total institution for their members and have very high demands on their members, especially economic demands which becomes the main income of money for the organisation. However not all sects are based on a charismatic leader such as Jehovah’s Witnesses and not all sects die out like Amish, which is one of the main characteristics of NRM’S (new religious movements).

Furthermore Troeltsch concludes with his last type of religious organisation, cults, the best example of this categories is The Landmark Forum. This sociologist describes cults as having no ling whatsoever with the state and focused on individualism. In contrast to the other typologies described by Troeltsch this religious organisation is mainly formed by integrates, young, middle class members and accepts social order giving ways to achieve it. They are very tolerant and see their members as customers or clients with are not demanded to contribute with anything by the cult, apart of money. They have no link with the state and have no real hierarchy within the organisation, are too loose. The distinction between sects and cults is often weak, as we can see with scientology which combines the ideas of both typologies.
The last main typology is defined by Niebuhr, who defines denominations as the last category in religious organisations. These denomination lay midway between sects and churches and have as an example, the CoE or the Baptist church. The member of this category have no specific background and generally accept social order, even though there is a separation between the state and the organisation. They believe in religious pluralism and often demand minor restrictions, such as fasting or banning smoking. Denominations make typologies more sensitive and explain how religious organisations evolve, this is because often this organisation...

Other Papers Like Typologies in Religious Organisations

Culturally Competent Ethical Decision Making Essay

2287 words - 10 pages , cultural aspects, cultural values or social structural factors such as educational, religious, political or legal factors (Omeri, 2003). There is no information regarding the birth of the baby in Nepal, the length of time in Australia, past medical and mental health history, understanding of the settlement into Australia or past trauma. Showing professional interest and seeking their views on the problem will encourage empowerment of the persons

Conflict Around Work and Organisations Essay

3461 words - 14 pages organisational cultures and sub cultures. At the social and cultural level, it manifests itself in terms of increasing diversity within organisations with 4 teams including individuals who represent different ages, gender and ethnic, religious and cultural groups. Domains for innovative research In the study of conflict related to work and organisations, four core themes can be singled out. Issues of both scientific and social

Different Social Groups Have Different Religious Needs

1274 words - 6 pages ‘The relationship between religious beliefs, religious organisations and social groups is complex and diverse. Different groups have different needs and priorities.’ To what extent do sociological arguments and evidence support this view? Statistics show that women have a greater participation rate in religious organisations than men. Women are more likely to express a greater interest in religion, to have a stronger personal faith and believe

Sociology

843 words - 4 pages ) | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Assess the usefulness of functionalist theories in understanding religion today.(33 marks) | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess the view that most people today choose not to be lifelong members of religious organisations. (18 marks) | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Jun ’11: | Assess the view religion is a force for social change (18 marks

Corporate Social Responsibility

5902 words - 24 pages -cultural issues and their appropriate discussion/solution within the framework of training sessions and seminars, including the best practices of the diversity management. Apart from gaining profits from its operations, many competitive organisations are permanently involved in numerous bona fide projects to best serve the needs of local communities. Corporate Social Commitment through charitable contributions and donations, as well as socially

Approaches to Decision Making Theory

1108 words - 5 pages applied in the every-day life in organizations, where decisions provide identity to actors. Constituity is the way of creating reality, to shape your surroundings, and leaders in organisations thus take decisions to justify that they are leaders and that their subordinates are followers. In the constitutive view on decision making the decision making becomes a tool to provide identity for actors and also to provide meaning to activities; by taking

Compering The Theories Of Jung, Freud And Alder

673 words - 3 pages influenced our experiences and behaviours especially the emotional ones According to Jung , this collective unconsciousness linked humanity together , made people fall in love , share religious experiences , have similar dreams , literature and fantasies , Aziz (1999 . The contents of the collective unconscious he called archetypes similar to what Freud called instincts . There is a particular difference since Jung 's archetypes were not

Marketing Strategies

3160 words - 13 pages market can evolve and how firms might develop a competitive strategy to take advantage of Strategic Windows. Portfolio Analysis How organisations create their own environments rather than simply adapt to existing ones. How they select the strategic windows of opportunities and threats through which they want to look out into the world and develop and market product and services to meet the needs of what they observe to be required in the

Assess the Arguments and Evidence for the View That Britain Is Becoming a Secular Society

1001 words - 5 pages result of there being many different religious explanations therefore undermining the absolute truth of one particular religion. In the middle ages, the Catholic Church held an absolute monopoly, therefore nobody challenged the views of the church and everybody lived under a society which had a shared set of beliefs. Since the Protestant Reformation, the number of religious organisations has continued to grow, each claiming a different truth. This

Different Social Groups Have Different Social and Spiritual Needs and Use Religion and Religious Organizations in Very Different Ways to What Extent Do Sociological Arguments and Evidence Support This...

1181 words - 5 pages underlying problems where people are experiencing anomie. Religion can be defined in many different ways such as Weber defining it as a belief in a superior or supernatural power that cannot be explained through science. The purpose of this essay is to discuss the extent to which sociological arguments and evidence support the view that different groups have different social and spiritual needs and use religion and religious organisations in very

Chamd Hamaagui

4757 words - 20 pages incomes and a fine of 30 000 – 60 000 tugrugs. 7) An individual and organisations that involved children to religious practices by cheating or deceiving them and/or forced a child to stay in the temple or church shall be a subject to 20 000 – 30 000 tugrugs or 50 000 – 200 000 turgugs respectively. 8) An individual who left or lost his or her own child or adopted child shall be a subject to a fine of up to 50 000 tugrugs or up to 30 days

Related Essays

‘Religion Today Is More About Believing Than Belonging’. To What Extent Do Sociological Arguments And Evidence Support This View Of The Relationship Between Religious Beliefs, Religious Organisations...

1388 words - 6 pages institutional religion involved. Moreover, Lyon argues that religious consumerism is a major part within a postmodern society. Religion has now relocated to the sphere of consumption, as many people have ceased to belong to religious organisations but not fully given up religion. Meaning that, people are now choosing which parts of religion to follow in order to get the most use out of religious practices. Ammerman found that many people

Assess Sociological Explanations For The Increasing Number Of Religions And Spiritual Organisations And Movements In Society Today. (33 Marks)

1096 words - 5 pages to the lack of consensus on how to operationalize new religious movements there is difficulty categorising them and therefore there is a complex sociological view  In the past there have been 4 main typologies of religious organisations, church, sect, denomination and cult. By Troeltsch’s definition a church is a large organisation that is often run by bureaucratic hierarchy and claims to have a monopoly over the religious truth. By contrast

Mergers And Acquisitions Essay

2355 words - 10 pages Executive Summary The reason behind mergers and acquisitions is to create more value as two organisations put together would be more valuable than two separate organisations whereas the basic theory behind buying an organisation is to build shareholder value over and above of the sum of the two organisations. Mergers and acquisitions have become a regular occurrence of growth for organisations in the recent years. Organisations are

Tourism Management Essay

3140 words - 13 pages used to create tourist typologies helps in tourism marketing, planning and development Macleod, 2010 17 18. 18. Motivation • ‘…a state of need, a condition that exerts a push on the individual towards certain types of action that are seen as likely to bring satisfaction’ • The tourist as a consumer of tourism products, places and experiences 18 19. 19. TRAVEL MOTIVATORS • The underlying motive for almost any type of tourist activity is