(The following is all obtained by either the Polyface farm website, or from my general knowledge or from either one of Joel Salitin’s books)
“As the problems of the world become more and more complex, the solutions become clear and simple.” - Joel Salitin.
A more economically practical way of cattle and poultry farming is by using a method called Polyface. This was initially started by Joel Salitin. Polyface is actually the name of the farm, which is situated in Virginia’s Shenandoah Valley, the farm is run entirely by his family, everyone plays an important role in the smooth running of the family business.
This farming method revolves around making the absolute most out of the ...view middle of the document...
The goal is to replicate this template as closely as possible. The cattle eat forage only, a new pasture paddock roughly every day, and stay herded tightly with portable electric fencing. This natural model heals the land, thickens the forage, reduces weeds, stimulates earthworms, reduces pathogens, and increases nutritional qualities in the meat.
Large feedlots are called Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs), which tend to be extremely filthy places, that has no shelter or protection from the weather, the cattle stay on their own manure. There, the cattle are rapidly fattened up with grain-based feeds, mainly consisting of corn. The conventionally raised cattle, this is the feedlot cattle, are often given drugs and hormones to grow faster, as well as antibiotics to survive the unsanitary living conditions. The cattle live there for a few months and are then moved into the factory for slaughtering.
The main difference between feedlot beef and Polyface or grass-fed is the composition of the fatty acids. Saturated and monounsaturated: Grass-fed
beef has either similar, or slightly less, saturated and monounsaturated fats than grain-fed beef. Omega-6 Polyunsaturated Fats: Grass-fed and grain-fed beef contain very similar amounts of Omega-6 fatty acids. Omega-3s: This is where grass-fed really makes a major difference, containing up to 5 times as much Omega-3 as the grain-fed. Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA): Grass-fed beef contains about twice as much CLA as grain-fed beef.
Other nutrients and minerals and vitamins that beef contains are: Vitamin B12, B3 and B6. It is also very rich in highly bioavailable Iron, Selenium and Zinc. Grass-fed beef also contains additional Vitamin A, Vitamin E, Micronutrients such as Potassium, Phosphorus and Sodium.
Broilers are chickens grown for slaughtering: the cages are 10 ft. by 12 ft. by 2 ft. high floorless, portable field shelters housing about 75 birds each to grow these 8-week meat birds. Moved daily to a fresh pasture paddock, these birds receive fresh air, exercise, sunshine, and all the genetically modified organism-free (GMO-Free) local grain they want. Integrating the cattle to graze ahead of the shelters shortens the grass and encourages ingestion of tender, fresh sprouts. It is essential for every animal to eat as much green material as...