Tuberculosis, also known as TB, is a bacterial infection and is often found in the lungs. It can spread through the lymph nodes and bloodstream to any organ in one’s body. Many diseases like Tuberculosis are caused by various strains of mycobacteria; which in this case would be Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. Normally, this bacterium stays latent or inactive, but only a handful of people will ever have the active disease. Most people latent TB infection; which the person will show no signs of infection and they will not be able to spread the disease, unless it becomes active.
The bacterium that causes Tuberculosis is ...view middle of the document...
If someone is living or working in a nursing home or a prison they are at risk due to overcrowding and poor ventilation. Also, if people travel to certain countries that have high rates of Tuberculosis they are at risk. China, India, and Mexico are a few examples.
Medications are used to treat Tuberculosis, but treating it takes much longer compared to other types of bacterial infections. If one has Tuberculosis, they must take antibiotics for six to nine months. The length of treatment depends on your age, overall health, the form of TB, and its location within the body. There are four medications that are commonly used to treat Tuberculosis and they are: Isoniazid, Rifampin, Ethambutol, and Pyrazinamide. There are a few side effects when taking these medications; which they are not common, but can be serious if they do. These medications can be toxic to your liver, so it is important that you seek medical attention if you experience any of the side effects.
In order to control the spread of Tuberculosis some hospitals have isolated the patients that have it. Isolation should last until the patient responds to treatment and is no longer coughing. Respiratory protection is...