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Trends In Global Telecommunications. What Are The Current Trends Of Telecommunications Beyond Internet And Wireless Technologies?

3076 words - 13 pages

Trends in Global TelecommunicationsINTRODUCTIONTelecommunication exists everywhere, -- at home, at work, at school, and even in cars - so it would be extremely difficult for anyone to be unaware of the popular trends in existing and emerging telecommunications technologies. In realizing these trends, past and present telecommunications technologies must be examined along with the measures currently being taken to improve them so that future trends can be predicted and developed.WORLD TELECOMMUNICATION DEVELOPMENT REPORTThe International Telecommunications Union recently released a World Telecommunication Development Report (WDTR), which offers guidance on how to measure information and ...view middle of the document...

The ultimate end of these goals is to eliminate hunger, disease, poverty, and other serious social and socio-economic issues (Minges et al). The ICTs could provide an avenue for achieving the MDGs if the indicators are applied correctly to the appropriate goals. From the information given in the report, one of the most important of the Millennium Development Goals seemed to be education improvement - specifically, the training of teachers using information and communications technologies. Table 2 highlights a small selection of the Millennium Development Goals and the potential impact that those MDGs could receive from information and communications technologies.Table 2: How ICTs Can Impact the MDGsSelected examplesMDGIndicatorImpactGoal 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hungerIncrease in income from ICTsA 1999 study of Village Pay Phone (VPP) owners in Bangladesh found that profits from providing phone service constitutes 24% of these households' total income.Goal 2. Achieve universal primary educationPrimary school teachers trained by ICT-based educationIn Nepal, 4'430 people were trained as primary school teachers using radio-based distance education in 2001. Based on the current student-to-teacher ratio of 40, an additional 176'616 new primary school students could be enrolled once these teachers complete their training. This would raise the net primary school enrolment rate 5.7%.Goal 3. Promote gender equality and empower womenFemales enrolled in ICT-based education as percentage of total female tertiary enrolmentOpen Learning Australia (OLA) offers higher education through a combination of distance and on-line teaching. In 2002, there were 6'129 students enrolled in OLA of which 56.9% were female. This is higher share than in overall higher education (54.9%). As a result of OLA enrolment, female tertiary school enrolment is 0.8% higher.Goal 4. Reduce child mortalityPercentage of parents of small children using ICT-based health toolsBaby CareLink is a telemedicine program for parents of infants in the United States. A 1997-99 evaluation of 56 patients found those parents who used Baby CareLink reported a 10% higher quality of care than those who did not use Baby CareLink.Goal 5. Improve maternal healthPercentage of maternal health workers using ICTsA July 1999 evaluation of a maternal health project in the Tororo district of Uganda based on radio technology, found that maternal mortality dropped 50%.Goal 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseasesPercentage of adult population adopting health lifestyle after exposure to ICT-based health informationA September 1998 evaluation of an entertainment-education radio soap opera on HIV prevention in St. Lucia found that condom imports rose 143% after the program was aired.Goal 7. Ensure environmental sustainabilityTeleworkers as percentage of total in employmentThere are 38'700 teleworkers in Ireland (2.3% of total in employment). As a result, CO2 emissions from car use are 2% less. If all those...

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