This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Transculteral Theory Essay

3272 words - 14 pages

RUNNING HEAD: LEININGER’S THEORY OF CULTURE CARE

Critique Paper
Theory of Culture Care Diversity and Universality

University of Virginia
Theoretical Foundation of Nursing

Abstract
The Cultural Care Diversity and Universality Theory provides a conceptual framework to discover and explain diversities and similarities of care practices, within a cultures context. The theory is highly complex, and has many levels of scope, in relation to human cultures and nursing worldwide. Culture care is applicable to any culture and many diverse settings. The theory is accessible as a guide to research and can lead to empirical precision. The Sunrise Enabler provides a “visual map” that ...view middle of the document...

For this reason, when the nurses approach a diverse patient in a clinical setting, they are often not capable of providing culturally congruent care (Giger & Davidhizar, 1999).
The Theory of Culture Care Diversity and Universality, developed by Leininger, is discussed in this paper as it relates to APRNs providing culturally and linguistically competent care to their patients of diverse ethnic background.
Theory
Transcultural nursing theories, applied to patients from different cultures, are comparatively new. In the mid-1960s Leininger founded the field of transcultural nursing, by merging her extensive background in nursing and anthropology. The theory came about after World War II, a time when numerous immigrants and refugees were coming to the United States and the world was becoming more multicultural (Parker, 2006). Leininger identified a deficit in nursing, the lack of cultural knowledge, and developed the theory of Cultural Care Diversity and Universality. Her theory was the first extensive work to demonstrate in depth research, education and practice, the indispensable need for cultural caring in nursing and healthcare (Parker, 2006).
A key concept in the theory is the importance of human care. Leininger defined care “as those assistive, supportive and enabling experiences or ideas towards others with evident or anticipated needs to ameliorate or improve human condition. Caring refers to those actions, attitudes, and practices to assist of help others toward healing and wellbeing” (Leininger & McFarland, 2006, p.12). Leininger views care as the essence of nursing, and further postulates that caring can exist without curing, but curing can not exist without caring. In addition, Leininger describes culture as a pattern of life that individuals and groups of people hold and transmit through values, beliefs, norms, practices and patterns (Leininger & McFarland, 2006). In the theory these two concepts are incorporated to generate “culture care,” which she defines as “predicted to be a powerful theoretical construct believed essential to human health, wellbeing, and survival” (Leininger & McFarland, 2006, p. 4). The purpose of culture care, as stated by Leininger is to “discover, document, know, and explain the interdependence of care and culture phenomena with differences and similarities between and among cultures” (Leininger & McFarland, 2006, p. 4).
The theory draws attention to a new perspective in nursing, by viewing the human being within their multicultural dimension, taking into consideration their diversities (differences) and universalities (commonalities). Lininger’s theory focuses on the use of culturally congruent care, by understanding the person’s cultural values, beliefs, and practices that enable them to maintain and/or restore health and wellbeing (Leininger & McFarland, 2006). In applying the theory, one can use it for any person, from the typical American Caucasians in ones neighborhood to the...

Other Papers Like Transculteral Theory

A Heart Of Darkness Essay

1748 words - 7 pages In this short story, there are frequent significant subject and ideas that make the story, "A Heart of Darkness," by Joseph Conrad, and haunting novel. The main theme is absolute white power over the natives. The theme validates the corruption, and the dependence caused by the white people as they took over the Congo. White men were giving all the power; they had no self-control, and in the end they did not use wisely. The white men became

The Aspects Of Vulnerability Among The Exploited In Medical Research

2287 words - 10 pages Essentially, everyone is in some state of vulnerability. However, some of us are more susceptible to harm due to our vulnerabilities. The susceptible are the individuals with the greatest risk. These individuals risk the loss of their autonomy, and maybe even their lives. Vulnerable populations can be found in every subset of society. However, as previously mentioned, there are some vulnerable populations that are at an even greater risk than

The Hitchhiker’S Guide To The Galaxy

1171 words - 5 pages The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy As the human race makes life-changing discoveries, it is made apparent that there is always more to learn as the universe, instead of becoming familiar, is becoming absurd. The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy, written by Douglas Adams, as well as the 2005 film adaption, portrays absurdity to be an all-encompassing system in the universe. Through the introduction and attempt to understand lack of reason, the

The Ford Motor Company Wage Increase Of 1914 And The Theory Of Incentives And Efficiency Wages

1252 words - 6 pages doubling these wages can only be justified if, in some other way, it generates an equal or superior amount of value (either through a better product, lower costs, or both). According to the theory of incentives and efficiency wages, this is indeed the case, and Henry Ford even asserted that this decision was one of the best-cost cutting judgements they ever made (Raff and Summers 1987). This paper will outline the history of Ford Motor’s 1914

Historical Analysis Of The Economical Breakthroughs Of The Industrial Revolution

1396 words - 6 pages A Historical Analysis of the Economical Breakthroughs of the Industrial Revolution During the Industrial Revolution, many elements of society experienced huge breakthroughs that would change the way they functioned forever. Economics were definitely one of them. With many new inventions and many factories appearing, many, many, more resources were being created than ever before. Also, all of the revenue from these resources was being given to

Leadership Portrayed in Monologue from Shakespeare’s Henry V

1214 words - 5 pages , English soldiers they can feel the love from Henry, hence gained the needs of belongingness, this is one of needs in Maslow theory. Henry motivates their soldiers through the language he use. (Seargeant, 2009) Transformational leadership used by Henry, the relationship between Henry and English soldiers in terms of motivation and commitment. Under the leading of Henry, English soldiers regard this battle as commitment instead of task. (Weichun et al

Cuba Civil Rights

1906 words - 8 pages Picture a country that has limits on how much you can make random government imprisonments and more what do you do. That is the situation for the eleven million seventy-five thousand two hundred forty-four people of Cuba since the takeover of Fidel Castro. The US is opposed to Castro taking control of Cuba. Castro managed to ease the United States nerves when he said that Cuba was against all forms of communism. According to Lana Wylie the Union

US Freight System

1273 words - 6 pages General Environment Each American requires the movement of approximately 40 tons of freight per year across the freight network. This includes everything from shirts to lawn mower to orange juice. • As the U.S. population expands, the U.S. freight system will be called upon to meet the demands of a larger population • Between 2010 and 2035, the system will experience a 22 percent increase in the total amount of tonnage it moves • By 2050, with

Democratic Peace Theory

1852 words - 8 pages democracy is called Democratic Peace Theory. However, research has begun to show that Democratic Peace Theory is ineffective and needs to be brought to an end as a model for how international relations are formed or destroyed. Democratic Peace Theory needs to be abolished as a support for forming foreign policy between democracies because of the burden placed on both parties to come to an agreement but still stand proud and victorious as a country

Booker T. Washington

1621 words - 7 pages “Success is to be measured not so much by the position that one has reached in life as by the obstacles which he has overcome” –Booker T. Washing. Booker Taliaferro Washington was born in Hale’s Ford, Virginia on April 5th, 1856 to Jane Burroughs and an unknown White man. Washington was married three times. His first wife was Fannie N. Smith from Malden, West Virginia. Booker and Fannie were married in the summer of 1882 and had one child

Corn, Broccoli, Grass Or Balanced

2611 words - 11 pages About a century ago, there was not an epidemic of diet-related illness, a bizarre account of destroyed farmland, dead zones in our oceans created by chemical run-off spilling into the waterways, and there sure was not millions of people questioning the moral ethics of their diet. In the Omnivore’s Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals, the author Michael Pollan goes on a journey to investigate the sources of the nation’s food supply, for which

Related Essays

Freedom And Responsibility Essay

2141 words - 9 pages Built within the Constitution of the United States are specifically defined freedoms that are guaranteed to all citizens. Conversely, with every constitutional freedom there comes a corresponding responsibility. On September 25, 1789, the state legislature’s twelve proposed amendments were transmitted by congress, the first two dealing with congressional representation and congressional pay. The following numbers three through twelve were

Hate Crime Laws Essay

2348 words - 10 pages On June 7, 1998, 49-year-old James Byrd Jr. of Texas accepted a ride from three white men, who then beat him severely, urinated on him, chained him by his ankles to the back of their pick-up truck, dragged him for three miles into the countryside, and dumped his corpse in front of an African-American cemetery (Graczyk). A little over a year later, a jury sentenced ring leader John King to death by lethal injection (“Man Executed for Dragging

Rational Emotional Behavior Therapy Case Study Conceptualization And Treatment Plan

2140 words - 9 pages the new millennium: A cross cultural approach. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 19 (4). 201-222. Minor, J. (2007). Some reasons why I use REBT in my private practice and personal life. Et Cetera, 64 (4), 320-323. Murdock, N.L. (2009). Theories of counseling and psychotherapy: A case approach (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill-Pearson. Ziegler, D.J. (2000). Basic assumptions concerning human nature underlying rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) personality theory. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 18 (2), 67-85.

Holidays In Albania Essay

1636 words - 7 pages Have you ever thought about having exciting and incredibly cheap vacations? Albania might be the right choice. According to My Travel Guide, Albania is ranked the fourth among ten places worth visiting in Eastern Europe (“Top 10 Eastern European Destinations”). One can encounter three kinds of vacations in this Mediterranean country: winter, summer, and cultural. The ideal places to spend your winter vacations are the Albanian Alps. They are