Trail Of Tears Essay

1310 words - 6 pages

Cherokee Indian Nation - The Trail Of Tears
Student Name
College Name Here
Course Title Here
Date Here
Instructor Name Here

Abstract
The events associated with the Trail of Tears, in the 1830s, the Andrew Jackson administration forced the Cherokee Nation of Georgia to give up their ancestral land and resettle at present-day Oklahoma. At the time a few people in America seemed to care about their plight, because popular opinion in the 1830s was that Indians were uncivilized and savage. Cherokee people had appealed to the Supreme Court of the United States, and Chief Justice John Marshall ruled that the removal of Cherokee people from their ancestral land was unjust. Yet President ...view middle of the document...

However, the Cherokee, whose ancestral tribal lands overlapped the boundaries of the states of Georgia, Tennessee, North Carolina and Alabama, refused to move. They established a capital in 1825 in the town of New Echota, near present-day Calhoun, Georgia.
In 1820 the Cherokee established a governmental system modeled on that of the United States, with an elected principal Chief, a Senate, and a House of Representatives. Because of this system, the Cherokee were included as one of the so-called Five Civilized Tribes. The other four
tribes were the Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and the Seminoles. In 1832 the Supreme Court of the United States ruled that the Georgia legislation was unconstitutional; federal authorities, following Jackson’s policy of Native American removal, ignored the decision. About five hundred leading Cherokee agreed in 1835 to abandon the tribal territory in exchange for
$5,700,000 and land in Indian Territory, now Oklahoma.
The Trail of Tears was the result of the Treaty of New Echota, an agreement signed under provisions of the Indian Removal Act of 1830, when Native Americans exchanged territories in the east for the others west of the river Mississippi. (Oliver, 2012) This was never accepted by leaders elected by the tribe or by a majority of the Cherokee people. Despite this, President Martin Van Buren sent federal troops to collect some 17,000 Cherokees in camps before being sent to the West. Today, it is a road of hope and promise, but in 1838 it was a road of misery and heartache, sickness, and death known today as “The Trail of Tears.” A proud nation, uprooted and dispossessed, traveled it for six long, bitter months in the winter of 1838-39. (Trail of Tears, 2012) The humiliation and suffering that the Cherokee experienced on this sorrowful march have no parallel in American history. The Cherokee were forced onto that tragic trail after years of trying to hold out against white encroachment upon their lands, years that were filled with deceit and greed and strewn with broken treaties. The Cherokee were not the only Native Americans who were forced to migrate in these years, and therefore the phrase Trail of Tears may be used to refer to similar events suffered by other indigenous people.
On a peaceful morning, the Cherokee people were startled to see the white soldiers coming into their houses and forcing them to leave. They were not allowed to take much of their belongings, and were rushed to leave. Since it was a spring, the temperature was very low, but many Cherokee people did not carry blankets with them. The route they took was north and west, running through a region where game still thrived, game they would need as food. There were men and women, old and gnarled. There were newborn babies and unborn babies who chose just this moment to come into the world. There were the blind and the dying consumptives who had to be carried on litters. As they picked up their few belongings they...

Other Papers Like Trail of Tears

American Indian History Essay

628 words - 3 pages have created many tragedies among the American Indians, which have left most of them facing poor living conditions. There is a long history of tragedies among the American Indians starting back in the 1830s. The Trail of Tears, also known as the “death march,” was the first initial tragedy that caught the attention of many historians to this day. The Trail of Tears is known as the enforced relocation and movement of American Indian tribes from

Study Guide Essay

1361 words - 6 pages their own hemisphere. In return, the United States pledged not to involve itself in the internal affairs of Europe or to take part in European wars. The statement envisioned a North and South America composed entirely of independent states—with the United States preeminent among them Know what the Trail of Tears was Jackson pushed for the removal of the Indians of the Southeast to the Indian Territory (modern Oklahoma) to be removed from the

Andrew Jackson

1289 words - 6 pages Andrew Jackson was the seventh president of the United States. During his presidency, there were a lot of incidents that occurred such as the Bank War, the Nullification Crisis, the Trail of Tears as well as many others. Although there were a lot of obstacles to overcome, Jackson made important decisions for what he believed was the good of the country. There were many people who disagreed with some of the things that Jackson did and some

Cherokee, On Native Americans

1067 words - 5 pages against. When gold was discovered near Dahlonega, Georgia, the whites called for the relocation of the Cherokee. In 1830, President Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act despite having had his own life saved by these Indians. This relocation is known as the 'Trail of Tears,' and is the subject of much discussion and debate. Over 1/4th of the entire Cherokee population died out during this relocation.The 'Trail of Tears' was not the only

Ethics and Discrimination

755 words - 4 pages , which I belong to, is the Native Cherokee Indian. Cherokee Indians are the original natives of the United States of America. The group originally colonized along the Appalachian Mountains. One of the most emotionally tragic stories in the United States History was in regard to the treatment of the Cherokee Indians, known as the Trail of Tears. The Trail

Tragedy Of The American Indians

2039 words - 9 pages . There are many environmental issues which have created many tragedies among the American Indians, which have left most of them facing poor living conditions. There is a long history of tragedies among the American Indians starting back in the 1830s. The Trail of Tears, also known as the “death march,” was the first initial tragedy that caught the attention of many historians to this day. The Trail of Tears is known as the enforced relocation and

Hunter Lines

1296 words - 6 pages . It is also one of the longest stationed doctrines of US foreign policy. | 11) The evolution of Jacksonian democracy and its legacy including: g) The Nullification crisis h) The bank crisis i) The Trail of Tears j) The socio-political effects of Manifest Destiny | a) 1832-1833b) 1832-1837c) 1830-1838d) 1840s | a) The Nullification Crisis occurred when South Carolina stated the federal Tariffs of 1828 and 1832 were

Pea Ridge

627 words - 3 pages Kourtney Herkelman Dr. Taylor Diversity of the U.S. February 23, 2016 Ethnical and Racial Groups of Pea Ridge, Arkansas Pea Ridge, Arkansas became a city in 1850, but Pea Ridge dates back to before 1836 when Arkansas became a state. Pea Ridge is known for the Civil War Battle of Pea Ridge. Also the famous Trail of Tears runs through Pea Ridge. Pea Ridge is home to a few different races from white, to black, to Asian and a few more. When

Cherokee Interviewee

2577 words - 11 pages Cherokees to leave their lands in Southeastern US and relocate to Oklahoma. This was known as the ‘Trail of Tears’ in which thousands of Cherokees were forced to walk away from their ancestral homes by the US Army in the middle of winter so that the new foreign settlers could have access to their land and the gold found therein. Thousands of Cherokees died on this long walk.” For this reason, the Cherokee Nation in Oklahoma has many more members than

Historical Trauma Summary

674 words - 3 pages Americans, including the trail of tears, and in the end to be locked into barren reservations. Another tragedy is the lose of most of the reservation through the court system, because oil, gas and other minerals are found on the Sovereign land. The Native American have been required through the years to adapt to the American way of life and to abandon their native culture to live in a “White Man’s World” The term trauma is Greek in origin

Taming the West

925 words - 4 pages the forcible removal of Indians from southeastern United States and the resulting death march that claimed the lives of over 4000 Cherokee Indians. . The now infamous march has been called the Trail of Tears and is now recognized as a National Historic TrailTears, is a National Historic Trail, and has several state parks located on the historic route. Another interesting perspective on the accuracy of information presented in modern

Related Essays

Trail Of Tears 1 Essay

3459 words - 14 pages Trail Of Tears I decided to write my paper on the Trail of Tears mostly because Native American history has always interested me ever since I was young, and I am also part Cherokee on my mother’s side, it is a miniscule part of my heritage, but I would not be here without that part of my heritage. I don’t know much about the removal of Indians and thought this would be the best topic for me since it’s something I’m not

Trail Of Tears Essay

669 words - 3 pages Sara Watson HIST 1301-325 Trail of Tears Major General Winfield Scott arrived May 8 to take command of the military operation of the removal of the Cherokee Indians. His May 10, 1838 address to the Cherokee people basically said that the president had sent him with an army to make them obey the Treaty of 1835 to move to the other side of the Mississippi. He says that they need to leave with haste but hopefully without disorder. Scott

Trail Of Tears/Worcester V. Georgia Essay

670 words - 3 pages The Native Americans of North America lived for hundreds of years in peace. However, Andrew Jackson’s vision of the United States did not include everyone. As a military leader and as President, Jackson and his followers had no intention of including women in political life, to combat slavery, or give any rights to the Native Americans. Jackson pursued a policy of removing Indian tribes form their lands, which resulted in the Trail of Tears

Book Review: John Ehle’s Trail Of Tears: The Rise And Fall Of The Cherokee Nation

1256 words - 6 pages Book Review: John Ehle’s Trail of Tears: The Rise and Fall of the Cherokee Nation The book Trail of Tears: The Rise and Fall of the Cherokee Nation by John Ehle is a book about the Cherokee Indians and the suffering they endured during the late 1830s. Ehle wrote a book that was more than just a documentation of what happened on the Trail of Tears; he wrote a detailed documentation of Native American history. It centered more around the