1. Federation of Malaya 1948
The Federation of Malaya in 1948 was a federation of 11 states which comprised the nine Malay states and two of the British Straits Settlements, Penang and Malacca which existed from 1 February 1948 to 16 September 1963. The Federation became independent on 31 August 1957, and in 1963 was reconstituted as Malaysia with the addition of Singapore, North Borneo, and Sarawak. The combination of states that formerly made up the Federation of Malaya is currently known as Peninsular Malaysia.
The 11 states officially formed a single British crown colony known as the Malayan Union on 1 April in 1946 which was result by the effort of British to ...view middle of the document...
Like the Malayan Union before it, the Federation did not include Singapore, despite its traditional connections with Malaya.
The Federation achieved independence within the Commonwealth of Nations on 31 August 1957. In 1963, the Federation was reconstituted as "Malaysia" when it federated with the British territories of Singapore, Sarawak, and North Borneo; a claim to the latter territory was maintained by the Philippines. Singapore separated from Malaysia to become an independent republic on 9 August 1965. The separation of Singapore from the Malayan peninsula marked an important milestone in the political development of the island until 1963 when it merged for a brief period with the Federation of Malaya to form the Federation of Malaysia.
2. Political party established before 1957
The Alliance Party was a political coalition in Malaysia. The Alliance Party, whose membership comprised United Malays National Organization (UMNO), Malaysian Chinese Association (MCA) and Malaysian Indian Congress (MIC), was formally registered as a political organization on 30 October 1957. It was the ruling coalition until it became the Barisan National in 1973.
United Malays National Organization (UMNO)
UMNO was formed on 11thMay 1946 and led by its first President, Dato’ Onn bin Jaafar. Its sole purposes were, at that time, to unite the Malays and lead the opposition against the Malayan Union, to protect the interests of the Malays and to gain independence from the British. Several years later, a conflict of interest occurred between Dato’ Onn and his party members. In his belief that an inter-racial...