To what extent did the leader of one single-party state achieve his aims?
When Stalin was the leader of the USSR his main aims where the industrialisation of Russia, to achieve the same standards like the rest of Europe, to strengthen communism and socialism and to get rid of any enemy of the revolution. Of course his greed of power was also very determined to his acting. He failed to achieve some of his aims and even when achieving what he had planned it partly had just been a personal achievement for him and a disadvantage to the country.
In 1926 the Russian economy was about 100 years backward to the rest of Europe. Stalin himself made his aim clear when he said “we have to succeed within 10 years or shall be crushed”. He developed thee 5-year-plans to more Russia to a high industrial standard. He was triggered by the fear of an attack by the western power. This fear was shared by his party members. To be able to defend Russia in case of an attack he focused his first 5 ...view middle of the document...
In political terms he achieved all his foals. He was in a high and powerful position and the party ha a high control. Nearly all farmers were collectivised, the party could work with a lot of pressure to keep the workers working. Even passports were introduced to make it impossible for workers to leave the country and avoid the forced labour and the Gosplan was introduced to control the successes and failure and to ensure the progress of his plan. This is another example of the high control the party had at this point in time. Furthermore he was successful in fighting capitalism and eliminate NEP-man. It seemed that all other state enemies where eliminated as well, by the purges. A disadvantage is that the extreme purges killed a lot of citizens and workers, so that they had to stop for a while. Otherwise there had not been enough people to achieve the industrial goals..
Also the economy achieved the set aims. The focus was turned on heavy industry, four third in cole and six third in steel production were achieved and new modern machinery was introduced. The industry city Magnitocor was recommended as one of the biggest successes. But the economic situation was very unbalanced. Even though Stalin achieved his aims on heavy industry the decrease of textile and good industry built a big disadvantage for the social conditions.
An improvement of social conditions had never been one of Stalin's aims, but it has to be taken into account that by achieving his goals a huge disadvantage for the people arose. The hard working conditions, forced labour and the bad payments were results of Stalin's policy. Failures were the big famine in 1973 and 1938 as this disabled people to work their best and many people and therefore “good workers” dies. Also the single farms produced, before they were collectivised, about 60% more then afterwards.
Concluded it has to be said that Stalin achieved most of his goals. The heavy industry he built sill determines Russia's economy in today's dime. He satisfied his greed for power and got his party more control. But the unbalance in textile and heavy industry and the famine clearly reduces his success. Even though Stalin's achievement s were huge it has to be taken into account that the price the country and the people had to bay for that smalers this success a lot.