This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

To What Extent Was Hitler Successful In Consolidating Nationalist Socialist Power After Being Appointed Chancellor In 1933?

2804 words - 12 pages

To what extent was Hitler successful in consolidating Nationalist Socialist Power after being appointed Chancellor in 1933?

On the 30th of January 1933, Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany. Within a year and a half Germany was a military dictatorship under his control. The speed and eventual success in Hitler’s consolidation of Nazi power is often analysed and discussed by historians.
It is often wondered how a man from a small Austrian town, born on the 20th April 1889 of parents from poor peasant backgrounds, could have such a rise to power.
After leaving education with no formal qualifications and failing as a painter in Vienna, Hitler moved to Munich and enlists into the ...view middle of the document...

Hitler’s successful campaign to consolidate Nazi power after being appointed Chancellor was an example of both exploitation of events within Germany at the time, and direct planning and action taken by Hitler to achieve his goal. It was in stark contrast to his initial attempt to seize power in 1923.

In November 1923 Hitler tried to gain power violently by instigating a revolution in Munich. This is known as the Munich Putsch. He would learn vital lessons from this failed attempt to gain power, which is shown in his actions after becoming Chancellor in 1933. He had assembled a large group of unemployed men and former soldiers known as the SA, and in alliance with two nationalist politicians, Kahr and Lossow, plotted to take over Munich. But on the 4th of October Kahr and Lossow called off the rebellion, which created an awkward situation for Hitler, as he had 3000 troops ready and eager to fight and worried about losing their support if not given one. On the 8th of November he and 600 SA soldiers interrupted a meeting that Kahr and Lossow were having at the local beer hall, he then waved a gun at them and forced them to agree to resume the rebellion. The next day, Hitler and the Nazis went into Munich on what they thought would be a triumphant march to take power, but Kahr had called in police and army reinforcements to resist the rebellion.
Sixteen Nazis were killed and Hitler was arrested two days later. He was sent to prison, the Nazi party was banned and Hitler received a ban from public speaking until 1927. It was a poorly planned and misjudged attempt to seize power, but Hitler used the attention given to him by the event to speak to a larger audience. In prison he wrote Mein Kampf, outlining his vision of a new Germany, he also reflected on the failures in the Nazi rebellion and decided on a change of tactics. He decided to seek power through more legal means.

In October 1929, the American Stock Exchange collapsed, and caused an economic depression. The government made many cuts to expenditure and unemployment in Germany had risen to 6 million. This led to a huge feeling of anger and bitterness towards the Weimar government which the Nazi party exploited. It was the perfect environment to gain popularity for their party and see their seats in The Reichstag go from 12 in 1928, to 230 in July 1932, thus becoming the largest party. This economic depression was vital in Hitler’s rise to power, as the historian William Carr argues “it is inconceivable that Hitler could ever have come to power had not the Weimar Republic been subjected to the unprecedented strain of the world economic crisis” it is the context for the fall of the Weimar Republic and the rise of Hitler and the Nazis to power. One vital benefit of the depression to Hitler was the turning of many workers to communism. This frightened wealthy German business owners who would go on to finance Hitler’s campaigns, seeing him as a strong alternative to communism.


Other Papers Like To What Extent Was Hitler Successful in Consolidating Nationalist Socialist Power After Being Appointed Chancellor in 1933?

To What Extent Can Nazism In Power Be Seen As Totalitarianism In The Period 1933-1939?

1019 words - 5 pages Goebbels, Hitler was portrayed as a leader who was at the same time moderate and reasonable who put the national good before his own interest. Other themes highlighted images of strength and authority which appealed to the highly nationalist German population; epitomised by Hitler appearing out of the sky to lead the German people depicted in Riefenstahl's 1934 film Triumph of the Will, still widely considered the most influential propaganda film of

How Successful Were the Bolsheviks in Consolidating Their Power Between 1917 and 1924?

991 words - 4 pages How successful were the Bolsheviks in consolidating their power between 1917 and 1924? Scott Anderson In the period 1917-24, the Bolsheviks successfully managed to remain in control of Russia. Consolidating their power meant that they were able to increase their influence within Russia. However, the process to becoming the absolute power was very gradual and involved some very key decisions. To determine how successful we must consider whether

Hitler: was the structure of the nazi government to chaotic to enable hitler to be a strong dictator in the years 1933-1939?

549 words - 3 pages inexistent because only 3 nazi's were in the government and only till 1938 was it a Nazi government seeing as all the conservatives had gone. Hitler was the Nazi government and he didn't even use it that often, he had enough power to do basically what was needed and used the weakness of this government, as he liked to make things easier on him. Hitler was an opportunist and was used what came up in his surroundings to his advantage.

How Successful Was Bismarck as Chancellor of a United Germany?

2629 words - 11 pages How successful was Bismarck as Chancellor of a united Germany? The question of how successful Bismarck was as Chancellor between 1870 and 1890 is a question that has several different levels that each need to be analysed in order to get a well rounded and accurate answer. I will call upon Bismarck’s domestic and foreign policies, using them to illustrate the leaders triumphs and failures in his Chancellorship. I will also use Bismarck’s

Hitler Coming To Power Hitler Came To Power In On

553 words - 3 pages . Hitler never should have become a dictator or even a chancellor. He never got more than 37% of the people's vote and never was voted in. Hitler's opponents brought him into power because they thought they could control him. They were really wrong and soon after he had used his wits to become the sole ruler. That was just one of the fatal errors his enemies made. Hitler came into power only because he was as sly and cunning as a fox. He

To What Extent Was There a ‘Post War Consensus’ in British Politics from 1951 to 1964?

945 words - 4 pages To what extent was there a ‘post war consensus’ in British politics from 1951 to 1964? (900 Words) Whether or not there truly was a ‘post war consensus’ in British politics from 1951 to 1964 is a highly debatable topic of which historians can often appear to be in two minds about; on one hand, Labour Prime Minister Harold Wilson infamously described the period as ‘Thirteen years wasted’, whereas historian Robert Blake (a supporter of the

To What Extent Was Empire a Source of Pride for People in Britain

1551 words - 7 pages To What Extent was Empire a source of pride for people in Britain during the period you have studied so far? By 1868 the British Empire governed 10,000,000 square miles of territory, and 400 million people came under the control of the Empire. Britain by this period had adopted the role of policing the world, and was un-matched by any country in terms of power and influence. The Empire has always been a topic of intense historical debate

To What Extent Was American Involvement in the Korean War (1950-1953) Justifiable?

1768 words - 8 pages A. Plan of investigation The research is intended to assess the validity of the justifications that were put forward by American politicians for ensuring military involvement in Korea (1950-53). In doing so I will look at the extent to which American involvement in the Korean War was justifiable. The research will consider mainly American interests in South Korea and their foreign policy which is believed to be one of the main factors that led

To What Extent Was Political Faction Was the Most Important Cause of Rebellion in the Tudor Period?

2223 words - 9 pages clans had attacked them and he did not feel he had been adequately rewarded. His aim was to expel the new English settlers and Anglo-Irish administration, and to achieve independence. It is possible that O’Neill was using the resentment growing in Ireland (raised rents on plantations, establishing protestant churches at the expense of the Catholics, government policies of compositions) as a useful cover for what was actually an attempt at power

In What Ways Was the Appointment of Bismarck as Chancellor of Prussia in 1862 a Turning Point in the History of German Unification

1235 words - 5 pages | | |Bismarck did not only focus on | |However, after 1862, Bismarck became the Chancellor of Prussia. He was a capable leader. He realized that he could make|economic but political and | |use of the favorable circumstances in skillful diplomacy. For example, Bismarck made use of the Polish Revolt to gain |diplomatic aspects!! They | |the Russian Neutrality from the Danish -Prussian war. Bismarck made use of the Schleswig-Holstein Question

To What Extent Was the Leader (Stalin) of One Single Party State Succesfull in Achieving His Aims?

719 words - 3 pages To what extent did the leader of one single-party state achieve his aims? When Stalin was the leader of the USSR his main aims where the industrialisation of Russia, to achieve the same standards like the rest of Europe, to strengthen communism and socialism and to get rid of any enemy of the revolution. Of course his greed of power was also very determined to his acting. He failed to achieve some of his aims and even when achieving what he

Related Essays

How Hitler Became Chancellor In 1933

824 words - 4 pages How Hitler Became Chancellor in 1933 The new Government still couldn't govern properly, and in November 1932, new elections were called. This is how Hitler became master of Germany. There were many factors that contributed to Hitler becoming Chancellor in 1933. They come under three main headings; Nazi strength, opposition weaknesses and other factors. Nazi strength and popularity was one of the main factors

To What Extent Was Lenin Successful In Implementing Communist Ideology After The Revolution? (1917 1924)

999 words - 4 pages To what extent was Lenin successful in implementing communist ideology after the revolution? (1917-1924) Lenin as a political realist and theorist used different means in attempting to implement communist ideals in Russia. After taking power in 1917 Lenin soon found that Marx’s original ideas would have to be adapted to the situation in Russia. There was a lack of industry and the proletariat was disorganised and small without the presence of

To What Extent Was Khruschev Successful In The Destalinisation Policy

801 words - 4 pages to what extent he succeeded in his efforts. For example, although he made investments into agriculture, he was criticized for not focusing on seemingly more rewarding areas such as the military and space explorations. In terms of agriculture, although some improvement had been made, Khrushchev attempted to experiment with other grains such as maize, thus encountering a problem as many areas such as Kazakhstan had unsuitable soil. By 1963, the USSR had to import 20 million tonnes of grain from the USA and Australia.

In The Context Of The Period 1825 1937, To What Extent Was The First Five Year Plan (1928 1933) The Most Successful Change To Russian Economic Output?

4029 words - 17 pages figures in collectivisation. One key problem in raising output through agricultural collectivisation was that the more successful peasants - branded ‘Kulaks’ – refused to adhere to Stalin’s plan and impeded collectivisation which led to agriculture being badly damaged after the first five year plan resulting in it not recovering until the end of the Second World War. Since the government desperately needed capital for investment in industry, it