This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

To What Extent Is This Definition Of Masculinity Applicable To The Central Male Character In ‘A View From The Bridge’ By Arthur Miller And ‘Freedom’ By Jonathan Franzen?

2323 words - 10 pages

Masculinity was important in America in the 1950s when A View from the Bridge is set. Both Franzen and Miller show that masculinity can be expressed by the different characters in his novel in many different ways which highlight the many aspects of masculinity.
Both Franzen and Miller present masculinity through the ways in which the male characters interact with each other. There are conflicting views of masculinity in A View from the Bridge; Eddie represents the judgmental views of masculinity. His character is unable to bear Rodolpho’s attitude and appearance as it attacks Eddie’s individual definition of masculinity. “He’s like a weird…with that wacky hair…he’s like a chorus girl” Eddie ...view middle of the document...

In the closing moments of Act 1 of A View from the Bridge, Marco “raises the chair higher and higher,” in an attempt to show himself as the alpha male. In Freedom there are also situations which show the conflict between the masculine characters, Joey and Walter argue over being the dominant masculine figure in their household, “Joey was asserting his right to stay awake as late as Patty and Walter did…He's questioning the basis of our authority.” This implies that even at an early age Joey is developing his own opinions separate from that of his parents, this increases his level of masculinity and he is self-assured.
A View from the Bridge was set in the McCarthy era during which many suspected communists were captured and tortured for information. Lee J Cobb informed the authorities about Miller, a suspected communist at the time. Miller uses this in A View from the Bridge when Eddie snitches to the authorities regarding Rodolpho and Marco. After Miller is released, he asked Lee J Cobb to play the part of Eddie in the production; this shows Miller’s awareness of Cobb turning Miller in. We can see there was conflict between American and community (Italian) law in the 1950s and onwards in Eddie’s implied belief that American law doesn’t deliver justice, because of this he gives Marco and Rodolpho to the authorities. In A View from the Bridge, Eddie reprimands Marco for accusing him of snitching; this implies Eddie cannot bear to hear any critical accusations of him, “Wiping the neighbourhood with [my] name like a dirty rag…I want my name.” Eddie cannot accept the accusation; he resorts to denial, acting as the innocent until proven guilty man. He acts as if the idea of the accusation aimed at him is impossible for him to have committed. In Saul Bellow’s point of view this suggests that Eddie cannot “hear and bear what is said of him” therefore his masculinity is lessened.
Masculinity can be expressed through the authority and directive tone in which the men talk to one another. Both writers use this to show the alpha male domination of each other. In A View from the Bridge Marco and Eddie disagree over the domination of each other’s character, “You [Eddie] go on your knees to me.” This shows Marco’s authoritative masculine tone; he views Eddie as an animal, vicious and cruel but one that answers to a higher authority, or in this case true masculinity. Marco continues the accusations of Eddie towards the end of A View from the Bridge, “That one! I accuse that one! He killed my children. That one stole food from my children” Eddie’s response to this implies he is projecting a façade of being able to hear and bear the worse by not listening to criticism but also giving a defensive statement at the same time. “He’s crazy!” Eddie refuses to hear the worst of him implying that Eddie feels guilty and ashamed of his actions of snitching to the authorities on Marco and Rodolpho. As CWE Bigsby argues, ‘Miller’s characters are people who try to escape...

Other Papers Like To What Extent Is This Definition of Masculinity Applicable to the Central Male Character in ‘a View from the Bridge’ by Arthur Miller and ‘Freedom’ by Jonathan Franzen?

‘Countries at Very Low Levels of Economic Development Face Such Huge Challenges That They Cannot Hope to Address Them Without Assistance from the Rest of the World’. to What Extent Do You Agree with...

1474 words - 6 pages ‘Countries at very low levels of economic development face such huge challenges that they cannot hope to address them without assistance from the rest of the world’. To what extent do you agree with this view? The UN classifies a country as a LDC if it meets the three criteria, low income (three year average income of less than US $750), human resource weakness and economic vulnerability (instability of imports, exports, agricultural

How Arthur Miller Effectively Illustrates the Strength of John Proctor, a Character in His Play, the Crucible

1049 words - 5 pages In the text, 'The Crucible', with the use of several different examples Arthur Miller represents the extent of his character, John Proctor's strength. Arthur Miller begins the play with an example which immediately indicates the strength of John Proctor to the reader of the play, this early introduction implies how Proctor's strength may prove to be a vital part of the play or a necessity in his character. In this example he states, "This

“the Fact That Girls Do Better Than Boys Is More to Do with Factors Outside of the School Rather Than Factors Inside of the School.” to What Extent Do You Agree with This View?

976 words - 4 pages “The fact that girls do better than boys is more to do with factors outside of the school rather than factors inside of the school.” To what extent do you agree with this view? If we look at exam results such as GCSEs and A levels there is a clear picture of girls outperforming boys. Girls are also more likely to pass their A levels and go on to university. These gender and differential educational achievement have been explained by the

Seismic And Volcanic Events Are Major Pieces Of Evidence Towards Proving That Plate Tectonic Theory Is Valid. Discuss The Extent To Which You Agree With This View. (40)

981 words - 4 pages Seismic and volcanic events are major pieces of evidence towards proving that plate tectonic theory is valid. Discuss the extent to which you agree with this view. (40) Plate tectonics is the theory that explains the structure and motion of the Earth’s lithosphere. The theory states that the Earth’s crust is split into large sections called tectonic plates, and these move relative to one another creating boundaries at which plates converge

Seismic and Volcanic Events Are Major Pieces of Evidence Towards Proving That Plate Tectonic Theory Is Valid. Discuss the Extent to Which You Agree with This View. (40)

975 words - 4 pages activity can also tell us a great deal about plate tectonics. By plotting the locations of large earthquakes on a map of the world we can see where they most frequently occur. Earthquakes are caused by the movement of tectonic plates; as they move past each other the friction causes pressure to build up which is released in sudden jolts. This can only occur at plate boundaries, so areas that lie on them experience the most frequent and intense

‘The mass media do not control their consumers; the consumers control the media.’ To what extent do sociological arguments and evidence support this view of the mass media today? (33 marks)

1062 words - 5 pages ‘The mass media do not control their consumers; the consumers control the media.’ To what extent do sociological arguments and evidence support this view of the mass media today? (33 marks) When looking at ownership and control of the media it is useful to study developments and trends in this context. There has been an increased concentration of ownership into a few transnational corporations. Media companies have also become

Different Social Groups Have Different Social and Spiritual Needs and Use Religion and Religious Organizations in Very Different Ways to What Extent Do Sociological Arguments and Evidence Support This...

1181 words - 5 pages underlying problems where people are experiencing anomie. Religion can be defined in many different ways such as Weber defining it as a belief in a superior or supernatural power that cannot be explained through science. The purpose of this essay is to discuss the extent to which sociological arguments and evidence support the view that different groups have different social and spiritual needs and use religion and religious organisations in very

Agreeable by Jonathan Franzen

1219 words - 5 pages texture, and a very bad taste.” (Franzen 54) Similarly to Joyce, Patty has a really non-close relationship with his uninformed father who treated her as distant as any clients. All the elements of “Agreeable” emphasize the lack of care from Patty’s parents. Wanting to find herself and not feeling like a “such nothing “(Franzen 48) by getting justice against the Posts, she understands the world around her, especially about her neglectful parents. In this story of a girl reaching adulthood, it is striking to see how parent’s negligence affects a child life. Fortunately for Patty, she turned out to have wonderful coaches and a passion of sport to put herself into.

What Is the Significance of Jack and Roger in the Lord of the Flies? to What Extent Is Golding’s View of Human Nature a Pessimistic One?

1268 words - 6 pages Jack plays a very significant role throughout the novel. During the novel, Jack is portrayed as Ralphs rival and is often shown as the definition of what Golding calls, ‘mankind’s essential illness’. Roger is Jack’s right-hand man – He is to Jack as Piggy is to Ralph. When looking at these two characters it is easy to assume that Golding’s view of human nature is a pessimistic one. At the start of the book Jack shows a belief in a

A Discussion Between "The Crucible" By Arthur Miller And "Catcher In The Rye" By J.D Salinger

876 words - 4 pages courts fail to see the truth as they're blinded with evil. Miller shows the difficulties to resolve conflicts but affirms hope in Proctor's perseverance.Similarly, the protagonist of The Catcher in the Rye, Holden Caulfied is a character who is troubled by internal conflict. This is because he desires to be honest in a world full of corruption and he finds himself in situations, which demand making complicated choices. Holden is the narrator of the

To What Extent Do You Accept the View That the Usa and the Ussr Were Already Divided by Irreconcilable Differences by the End of the Fighting in Europe in May 1945?

864 words - 4 pages To what extent do you accept the view that the USA and the USSR were already divided by irreconcilable differences by the end of the fighting in Europe in May 1945? I agree to some extent that the USA and USSR were already divided by irreconcilable differences by 1945 due to their ideological differences which contradicted the beliefs of the other nation. The USA believed in a democratic world which would benefit the economic interests of the

Related Essays

Explain How ‘A View From The Bridge’, By Arthur Miller, Follows The Convention Of Tragedy

2461 words - 10 pages character. As the result of this, she or he must suffer and die – which is the only way for order to be restored. An example of tragedy is, Macbeth. Macbeth is an essentially noble character who, because of his ambition or his fatal flaw is eventually led to death and destruction. In ‘A View From The Bridge’, there are several elements which resemble Greek tragedies. In this case, the focal character of the play Eddie Carbone is the tragic hero

‘Prufrock Is Presented As An Awkward And Emasculated Character’. To What Extent Do The Metaphors In ‘The Lovesong Of J.Alfred Prufrock’ Create The View Of This Character?

999 words - 4 pages ‘Prufrock is presented as an awkward and emasculated character’. To what extent do the metaphors in ‘The lovesong of J.Alfred Prufrock’ create the view of this character? T.S Eliot uses metaphors throughout ‘The love song of J.Alfred Prufrock to depict the protagonist as a man constantly at odds with himself and society. This piece is scattered with metaphorical phrasings that serve to present an image of an individual in emotional turmoil as

The Hazards Presented By Volcanic And Seismic Events Have The Greatest Impact On The World’s Poorest People'. To What Extent Do You Agree With This View?

1062 words - 5 pages 'The hazards presented by volcanic and seismic events have the greatest impact on the world’s poorest people'.  To what extent do you agree with this view? Hazards are anything that could cause damage to humans or buildings. Many volcanic and seismic events happen that cause hazards to humans. Often the world’s poorest people are hit the worst, however wealthier countries can also be adversely affected. The Kobe earthquake in Japan 1995

‘Religion Today Is More About Believing Than Belonging’. To What Extent Do Sociological Arguments And Evidence Support This View Of The Relationship Between Religious Beliefs, Religious Organisations...

1388 words - 6 pages attack, showing that believing without belonging is not a popular trend in todays society as religion as a whole is declining. Finally, Functionalists, who take a conservative approach to religion, argue that religion exists to maintains social stability and prevent society from disintegrating. They state that religion maintains social solidarity as it creates value consensus. In their view, this therefore reduces the chance of society