To What Extent Do You Accept The View That The Usa And The Ussr Were Already Divided By Irreconcilable Differences By The End Of The Fighting In Europe In May 1945?

864 words - 4 pages

To what extent do you accept the view that the USA and the USSR were already divided by irreconcilable differences by the end of the fighting in Europe in May 1945?

I agree to some extent that the USA and USSR were already divided by irreconcilable differences by 1945 due to their ideological differences which contradicted the beliefs of the other nation. The USA believed in a democratic world which would benefit the economic interests of the USA with free open markets. However the USSR with its new position in the world aimed to improve its security by spreading its communist influence in neighboring countries. Security was an important issue due to its past experiences of being attacked ...view middle of the document...

Therefore, making it difficult for the USA to work with the USSR because it distrusted the west, so much so, that it needed to create a buffer state to protect itself from future invasions. However source one places greater importance to the USSR's ideological differences that meant it 'pursued political aims which went far beyond what was required for the sake of security'. This foreign policy would conflict with American ideology as America felt that each and every country should be free to trade with each other and be able to be a democratic country.
Security also made the USA suspicious of the USSR. This, I feel, was the major reason in why there were such clear differences between the two countries. The reasons why the USA was so distrusting of the USSR is stated in source 2 ‘Stalin’s motive for incorporating Baltic States…installing obedient satellite governments as far westwards’. This, for the Americans, felt as if Stalin was trying to spread communism into Western Europe. Not only this but it felt as if he was seeking domination for the whole of Europe. However in the USSR’s eyes this expansion was only for security reasons as he wished to have a ‘security buffer between his country and potential enemies’ this is understandable due to Germany invading Russia twice in half a century. So the USSR felt that it had to have this protection to avoid damage on their land as much as possible. However, it was the sheer amount of expansion and the rate in which communism was expanding that worried the USA....

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