To What Extent Did Emperors Successfully Manage To Elect A Successor During The Period 31 Bc To Ad 96?

3355 words - 14 pages

To what extent did emperors successfully manage to elect a successor during the period 31 BC to AD 96?
Nominating a successor was definitely a focal problem with every emperor recorded in Roman history, and doing it successfully was undeniably a problem that needed a solution for the Roman Empire, as no one was ever happy about what had been decided. However, it was a much more complex issue for all the emperors of the period 31 BC to AD 96; nonetheless there was no single solution to this problem. However not every appropriate successor elected meant that they would be successful in becoming the next definite emperor, as many died even before the emperor of that time did, or they were ...view middle of the document...

It is debatable that the most successful emperors, who found a positive resolution to the issue of who would succeed them after their deaths, were by no doubt Augustus and Vespasian. However, Augustus also had difficulties electing a successor. Tacitus tells us in his Annals, that Augustus adopted both his grandchildren; Gaius and Lucius Caesar as he desired that either of them on becoming the next emperor of Rome. But this did not go to plan, as they both died before Augustus did and so he had no choice but to adopt Tiberius his stepson on their deaths, as there was no one of his interest left or as Tacitus also tells us that he had no other biological heir that could succeed him in the role as princeps, even though Tiberius was not even in Augustus’ best list. Nonetheless, Tacitus tells us that he predicted that Tiberius would succeed Augustus, as he represents Augustus attempts to join his family along with other very powerful families in Rome only as self-promotion, rather than actually wanting to do the best he can do for Rome. Likewise, Suetonius tells us in his Life of Augustus, that Augustus did not initially enter into the emperorship with the purpose of finding a successor, and that on particular occasions, he completely thought about giving the senate their full power back. But as predicted, Suetonius does not tell us the date of the occasion so we cannot be exact on when Augustus genially thought that the only option there was, was to find a successor to fill or take over his political and military powers. However on the other hand, it can’t be denied that Augustus promoted his own family to help him run the empire as it is highly doubtful he would eagerly appoint someone not part of the Julio-Claudian family. Tacitus again in his Annals, describes Augustus as ‘’shamelessly eager’’ to promote his grandsons, Lucius and Gaius Caesar, to become consul earlier than typically acknowledged. Again, Suetonius goes far, as he says that Augustus technically bought them from Agrippa wanting to make them his successors and urging the senate to believe that they are acceptable as they held political office. However, Augustus tells us himself in his Res Gestae that it was the senate that gave them both political power and credit in his admiration, which suggests that this had been great worth to himself.
Nevertheless, it could be debated that Augustus and Vespasian had attempted to choose a successor who showed the skills that were needed to run the empire, rather than actually being purely linked by blood. This could be possible, as Tacitus tells us, Augustus played with the idea of making Germanicus the ruler of the empire, however this could be Tacitus’ determination of the idea that Livia influenced Augustus, especially with the decision to adopt Tiberius. According to Suetonius, Vespasian dared to tell the senate that only Titus would succeed him and had very little opposition, apart from Domitian. Suetonius also tells us that Titus was an...

Other Papers Like To What Extent Did Emperors Successfully Manage to Elect a Successor During the Period 31 Bc to Ad 96?

To What Extent Did Luther’s Challenge to the Catholic Church Change in the Years 1517-1521?

998 words - 4 pages To What extent did Luther’s challenge to the Catholic Church change in the years 1517-1521? During the period of 1517-1521, Luther’s challenge and also his views towards the Catholic Church went through a series of changes. In chronological these are the main reasons why I think his evolution in ideas occurred: Luther being threatened by Cardinal Cajetan; Luther being questioned by Eck in Leipzig; His publishing of his 3 books in 1520 and his

Do Managers Need Emotional Intelligence to Manage Successfully in the Workplace? Why or Why Not?

1258 words - 6 pages managers’ management and settlement of conflict and problems appeared in the employees time. Due to these reasons, Managers do need emotional intelligence to manage successfully. Firstly, managers have to be aware of the emotion they are feeling, subsequently manage and express them. After the manager be aware of his own emotion, a competent manager with emotional intelligence is capable of adjusting hisself to a positive emotion and

To What Extent Can Nazism In Power Be Seen As Totalitarianism In The Period 1933-1939?

1019 words - 5 pages According to Fredrich’s “six point syndrome”, a totalitarian state must consist of an official ideology, a single mass party, terroristic police control, monopoly control of the media and arms and central control of the economy. During the Nazi Reich between 1933-1939, under Hitler as Fuhrer (supreme leader), the Nazi regime was able to successfully achieve aspects of totalitarianism by exerting tight control of the media and police; leading to

History Internal Assessment: To What Extent Did T

2497 words - 10 pages investigation will be carried out through examining both primary and secondary sources --- accounts of the event by people who were there, commentaries on its significance written after the event itself, personal experience, and foundations that sprung up in response to the event. An analysis of all these sources and their reliability should lead to a conclusion of to what extent the event acted as a catalyst for the process of the emancipation of

To What Extent Did Royal Authority Decline in the Years in the Years 1547-1558

1714 words - 7 pages To what extent did Royal authority decline in the years 1547-1558? (45 marks) The years of 1547-58 have been quite commonly known as the mid-Tudor crisis; therefore this question is asking us, was there a mid-Tudor crisis? Historians such as A.F Pollard and W.R.D Jones believe that yes there was a crisis occurring in the mid-Tudor period which may have had an adverse effect on Royal authority. The view was that there was a crisis in face of

To What Extent Did Edward Vi Re-Establish Royal Authority in the Years 1461-1483?

888 words - 4 pages To what extent did Edward VI re-establish royal authority in the years 1461-1483? During 1461-1483, Edward VI re-established royal authority from the reign of Henry VI, through many different ways. For example, he intended to improve foreign policies, increase the crowns revenue and govern the country in a successful manner, using the over mighty subjects, the nobles. However, many of these ways to re-establish the royal authority failed, and

'To What Extent Did The Italian Unification Need Cavour And Garibaldi?'

873 words - 4 pages Mazzini's revolutionary plot. There he learned key military skills which would later on be essential to his success. At first Garibaldi did little as no government would accept him and his men, however he did inspire nationalism and became popular hero. After 1848 Garibaldi gave up the idea of a republic and turned royalist in order to achieve his aims of a unification. His most significant contribution in the cause of unification in 1860 when he

To What Extent Is the Uk a Two Party System

772 words - 4 pages To what extent is the UK a two party system (25 marks) It is often argued that in the UK we have a two party system this is a system where two major political parties dominate politics within a government. One of the two parties typically holds a majority in the legislature and is usually referred to, as the majority party while the other is the minority party. Traditionally in the UK this is the Conservatives and the Labour party. However

To What Extent Was Political Faction Was the Most Important Cause of Rebellion in the Tudor Period?

2223 words - 9 pages clans had attacked them and he did not feel he had been adequately rewarded. His aim was to expel the new English settlers and Anglo-Irish administration, and to achieve independence. It is possible that O’Neill was using the resentment growing in Ireland (raised rents on plantations, establishing protestant churches at the expense of the Catholics, government policies of compositions) as a useful cover for what was actually an attempt at power

To What Extent Did the Arab States Alter the Balance of Power in the Region as a Result of the 1973 War?

2810 words - 12 pages To what extent did the Arab states alter the balance of power in the Region as a result of the 1973 War? The true extent in which the Arab states altered the balance of power as a result of the 1973 war is a complex and controversial topic to competently remedy, in order to provide a full and articulate answer to this question, it is first important to observe which Arab states were involved in the 1973 war. The main contributors to the 1973

To What Extent And In What Ways Did German Nationalism Change And Grow In The Years 1890-1914?

1619 words - 7 pages coverage and analysis. What is more, a highly active form of popular politics began to emerge, shown by the extensive participation in elections: 84% of the electorate voted in the Reichstag election of 1812, and by the enormous number of new initiatives and political groups that emerged from the whole political spectrum during this period, among which nationalism was well represented. The “aloof and distant noble politics” of the 1870s and

Related Essays

To What Extent Did The Russian Economy Improve In The Period 1894 1942?

912 words - 4 pages of the MRC- disposal of the only effective military force- acted on authority of soviet- could over throw How successfully did the N.E.P deal with the problems it was designed to solve in the period 1921-4? Economic problem in 1921 • War communism- decreased industrial production and agriculture- famine- peasants refused to produce • Kronsradt rising • Economic failure of war communism Aims & features • Mixed economy & retreat from

How Successfully Did James Deal With Parliament During The Period 1603 1616?

1201 words - 5 pages Bancroft was determined to enforce some discipline in the church. Using the church parliament ‘convocation’, he issued 141 canons regulating many aspects of church life. How successfully did James manage his finances during the period 1603 – 1616? * James had many financial problems such as war, inflation extravagance, inexperience, wardships, purveyance and monopolies. He was also into excessive expenditure. As a foreign king, he felt that he

How Far Did Relations Between East And West Change During The Cold War Period From 1948 To The 1980s?

1643 words - 7 pages How far did relations between East and West change during the Cold War period from 1948 to the 1980s? The period of 1948 to the 1980s includes a thaw in Cold war relations after 1953, but also covers a series of crises. This essay will discuss how far the period marks a significant change in relations between the two superpowers. To come to my judgment, I will discuss the following, the Berlin Blockade of 1948-9, the Polish Solidarity Crisis

To What Extent Did Wwii Facilitate The Creation Of Isreal?

2028 words - 9 pages Zionism has been around since the early 19th century, and was the single most important event leading into the creation of Israel. During the period of WWII there had been various issues which contributed to the necessity of a Jewish homeland in Palestine. These issues included the Holocaust, and the displacement of Jews. While these events during WWII were a contributing factor, a number of other aspects should be considered post the Second