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Three Traditions Of International Theory Essay

686 words - 3 pages

The realist normative tradition illustrates international relations as a condition of international anarchy (sociological terms); the rationalist normative tradition illustrates international relations as a condition of international society (teleological terms); and the revolutionist normative tradition illustrates international relations as a condition of harmony or single utopia in the world (ethical and prescriptive terms).
Realism prioritizes national interest and security over ideology, moral concerns and social reconstructions. Realists arrived at basic condition of anarchy because there are no general measures which all countries can utilize to guide their conduct (Donnelly,2000). ...view middle of the document...

The revolutionists came up with concept of agreement or solitary utopia for and among all peoples because they were inspired by an effective society of states called Respublica Christiana in 700 to 1200 AD. This society of states had a level of constitutional agreement amongst its members which was absent or way greater as compared to the constitutional unity of societies of states since then. Furthermore, there was a constant and structured communication between the different members of Respublica Christiana (Wight, 1991). Due to the absence of any effective society like Respublica Christiana, the weakening bonds among the states forced states to accept warfare to regulate their relations and completely discard any relationship with a political superior. As a result revolutionists acknowledged that the active representation of society of states was dishonest and misrepresented and it required a reform. They advocated the liberty, equality, democracy, federalism, socialism etc. to create a new society where there is no political superior.
Rationalists are those that focus on and reflect in the value of the element of international intercourse in a condition of international anarchy. They believe that even though man is deliberately a corrupt creature, he is also rational. Rationalism follows the theory that reason is...

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