Identify three elements of a good employment relations system
The Dunlop Model, created by John Dunlop, is a conceptual model that studies employment relations.
|ENVIRONMENT |THREE ACTORS |OUTCOME |
|Marketing/ Budgetary constraints |Union | |
|Technology |Management |Rules of the workplace. |
|Distribution of power in society |Government ...view middle of the document...
This was during the 1980s and 1990s.
Other components have been added to the Dunlopâ€™s Model by researchers over the years, and hte result is the Tripartite Gum Model.
Tripartite Gum Model
|ENVIRONMENT |PARTICIPANTS |OUTCOME |
|Economic |Government |Industrial peace |
|Political |Union |Investment growth |
|Legal |Management |Quality of work life |
|Social |Mechanism |Competitiveness |
|Ecological |Teamwork |Productivity |
|Labour market |Collective bargaining |Mutual trust |
|Technology |Dispute settlement |Social justice |
|Shared values |Process | |
| |Tripartism | |
| |Consultation | |
This improved system has several characteristics.
- The system has firm foundations of a cooperative relationship amongst the tripartite, with the government being the main policymaker.
- The focus is mainly based on industrial harmony, economic growth and political stability.
- There is a strong and centralized union movement, which is controlled. The union is NTUC.
- There is a peaceful and non-adversarial relationship between the unions and the government.
Types and Nature of Employee Relations
There are several ways to analyse the nature of an employee relation.
- Strains may show the nature of an employee relation. However, such dissatisfactions and conflicts are not always obvious.
- Indications of poor employee relations include absenteeism from work, high labour turnover, sabotage and/or accidents.
There are five categories of employee relations.
- Antagonistic relationship: Rejection of needs and attempt to block efforts of the other party.
- Adversarial relationship: Based on...