Threat Ranking Essay

4509 words - 19 pages

Resources for Implementing the
WWF Project & Programme Standards

Step 1.4
Define: Threat Ranking
July 2007

Step 1.4 Threat Ranking
Contents
What Is a Threat Ranking?................................................................................................... 1
Why Is Threat Ranking Important? ..................................................................................... 1
When To Use Threat Rankings ............................................................................................ 1
How To Do a Threat Ranking ............................................................................................... 1
1. Determine the criteria for ranking ...view middle of the document...

Accordingly, each team will have
to decide whether and to what level of detail they want to apply the guidance in this
document.
This document may change over time; the most recent version can be accessed at:
https://intranet.panda.org/documents/folder.cfm?uFolderID=60977.
Written by: Foundations of Success and John Morrison, WWF-US
Please address any comments to Sheila O’Connor (soconnor@wwfint.org).

Define: Threat Ranking
What Is a Threat Ranking?
Threat ranking is a method for explicitly considering the degree to which each direct threat affects the
biodiversity targets at your site. It involves identifying and defining a set of criteria and then
applying those criteria systematically to the direct threats to a project area so that conservation actions
can be directed where they are most needed.

Why Is Threat Ranking Important?
Conservation must take place in the face of a wide variety of threats. A common challenge for
conservation practitioners is determining which of these threats they should address. Often, decisions
are made applying an implicit set of criteria to evaluate threats and the overall situation at your site.
The danger with this approach is that different people might use different criteria or apply them
differently. Moreover, there is also a tendency to address threats for which strategies and expertise
already exist, rather than addressing those that are posing the greatest threat to the biodiversity at a
site. In real-world situations, where resources are limited, threat rankings provide a systematic
process that helps teams focus their actions and address the most important threats at their site.

When To Use Threat Rankings
As outlined in the WWF Standards of Project and Programme Management, every biodiversity
conservation project should rank their direct threats during Step 1.4 of the initial planning work for
their project. Threat ranking will help teams to prioritize action when they are dealing with more than
one threat in a conservation area or region.
Although you will go through the threat ranking process in Step 1.4, you will use your results in Step
2.1 (Action Plan), when you identify and select strategies. By narrowing down the threats on which
you will focus, you will have a clearer idea of what factors in your conceptual model you should be
trying to influence in order to reduce the impacts of those direct threats. This, in turn, will help you
narrow down and select your strategies.

How To Do a Threat Ranking
To do a threat ranking, it is important to be clear about what the main threats at your project site are
and what biodiversity targets they are affecting. If you developed a conceptual model as part of your
situation analysis (Step 1.4), you will have already done this. Often, teams will first develop their
conceptual model and then rank all direct threats in their model. Sometimes – especially in cases
where the site is very complex and the team has identified several direct threats – it may be...

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