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Thommas Jefferson, The Third President Of The U.S

1557 words - 7 pages

Thomas Jefferson, the third president of the United States was born on April 13, 1734. His parents, Peter and Jane Randolph Jefferson, lived in central Virginia. Their house was on a farm they called Shadwell. It was about five miles east of the town of Charlottesville.In 1760 Thomas Jefferson entered college. Thomas studied hard and quickly mastered difficult subjects such as grammar, physics, and calculus. In about two years of college he learned everything you could know on the arts and science and moral philosophies. He left the college in April of 1762. Three years later, in 1767 Thomas became a lawyer. He didn¹t know it at the time but it would soon be a hazardous job. Thomas ...view middle of the document...

Each county in Virginia elected people who would attend a meeting in Williamsburg to choose Virginia¹s delegates to the new congress. Among the Virginians elected were Jefferson, Patrick Henry, and George Washington.Before leaving home to attend the meeting, Jefferson wrote an essay describing his feelings on the politics of the day. Eventually published under the title "A Summary View of the Rights of British America," it was the future president¹s first political masterpiece.The first great meeting of all the colonies-called the First Continental Congress-met in Philadelphia in September 1774. Jefferson was still at Monticello, trying to recover from an illness. The Second Continental Congress began in May of the following year, right after the Battles of the Lexington and Concord had started the revolutionary war. Many of the delegates were familiar with Jefferson¹s essay by now. His fine writing was one of the reasons he was selected to write the Declaration of Independence. So it was on July 4, 1776 that the great Declaration of Independence was signed.In the summer of 1782 Jefferson¹s wife Martha died after giving birth to their sixth child. In May of 1784 Congress asked Thomas to join John Adams and Benjamin Franklin to be a minister to Europe. He accepted. Then in 1787, Jefferson received a copy of the new American Constitution. Jefferson was worried that there was no Bill of Rights, so he urged James Madison to add a Bill of Rights. The first ten amendments to the Constitution (the Bill of Rights) were finally approved by Congress in 1791.On March 4, 1797, fifty- three-year-old Thomas Jefferson was sworn in as the vice-president of the United States. President Adams and Vice-President Jefferson were extremely different personalities.In the year 1800, Thomas Jefferson began his campaign for the presidency at the age of fifty-seven. He felt forced to do so. In the spring of 1800, Republican congressmen nominated Thomas Jefferson for president. For his running mate, a former senator from New York named Aaron Burr was selected. The event marked the start of one of the dirtiest presidential campaigns in the history of the Untied States. After a week of tied votes, Jefferson was finally elected president by the House of Representatives on February 17, 1801. Aaron Burr became vice president.On March 5, 1801 the day he was sworn into office, the new president began to mend the wounds of a divided nation. "We are all Republicans-we are all Federalists," he said in his speech. "Sometimes it is said that man cannot be trusted with the government of himself. Can he then be trusted with the government of others? Or have we found angels in the forms of kings to govern him? Let history answer this question." Those were Thomas Jefferson¹s actual words.In the summer of 1800, Washington, D.C. had become the new capital of the United States. Although the President¹s House and the Capitol Building had been completed in 1800,...

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