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Thesis Essay

2518 words - 11 pages

THE VALIDATION OF A STUDENT SURVEY ON TEACHER PRACTICE

By

Ryan Thomas Balch

Dissertation Submitted to the Faculty of the Graduate School of Vanderbilt University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY in Leadership and Policy Studies August, 2012 Nashville, Tennessee

Approved: Professor David S. Cordray Professor Matthew G. Springer Professor Mimi Engel Professor Mark Berends

    

Though there is widespread evidence that teachers matter, a more challenging problem exists in attempting to measure teacher effectiveness. It can be argued that student feedback is an important consideration in any teacher evaluation system as students ...view middle of the document...

In particular, David Cordray provided essential assistance in learning about the survey development process through independent studies and serving as my committee chair.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

ABSTRACT …………………………………………………………………………… i ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS …………………………………………….………………ii LIST OF TABLES………………………………………………………………………v

Chapter 1. INTRODUCTION ………………………………………………………...……….. 1

2. REVIEW OF LITERATURE ……………………………………………….……... 6

Teacher Quality ……………………………………………………………...…6 Measures of Teacher Behaviors ………………………………………………..8 Student Feedback – Higher Education …………………………………...……13 Student Feedback – K-12 Education …………………………………………..14 Contributions to the Literature …………………………………………...……18

3. METHODS ………………………………………………………………………... 20

Content Validity ………………………………………………………………..21 Cognitive Interviews ………………………………………………….………..25 Pilot Testing ……………………………………………………………………30 Measures ……………………………………………………………………….32 Possible Threats to Validity ………………………………………………....…35

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4. RESULTS …………………………………………………………………...…….. 37

Data ………………………………………………………………………….…37 Screening Procedures …………………………………………………………..39 Survey Properties ……………………………………………………………....43 Relationship to Outcome Measures ………………………………………...….47 Item Characteristics …………………………………………………………....57 Teacher Survey on Feedback Reports …………………………………………62

5. DISCUSSION …………………………………………………………........…….. 65

Works Cited …………………………………………………………………...………73

Appendix

A. Research-Based Teaching Practices …………………………………………………. 78
B. Example Coding Scheme for Literature Review………………………....…...…. 80

C. Questions According to Danielson Framework………………………….….….... 83 D. Questions According to CLASS………………………………………….….…... 86 E. Sample Teacher Feedback Report……………………………..………….….…... 93 F. Interview Questions for Teacher Feedback……………………..………….….…. 95
 

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LIST OF TABLES Table 1 - Correlations Among Various Measures and Student Achievement……………. 20 Table 2 - Correlations Among Measures of Teacher Evaluation and Value Added - MET Project ……………………………………………………………………………….21 Table 3 - Validity Framework…………………………………………………………...…26 Table 4 - Rubric Behavior and Corresponding Survey Question ……………….…………28 Table 5 - CLASS and Framework for Teaching Behaviors and Corresponding Student Survey 
Questions…………………………………………………………………..29

Table 6 - Construct Alignment with Observational Rubrics ………………………………34 Table 7 – 2008-2009 Demographic Information for Districts in Georgia ………36

Table 8 - Sampling Strategy and Resulting Number of Teachers …………………...…….37 Table 9 – CCSR Measure of Academic Engagement ………………………………………...…....38

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Table 10 – PALS Measure of Academic Self‐Efficacy ………………………………………...….39 Table 11 – Student Sample by District ……………………………………………..….43 Table 12 – Student Sample by Grade …………………………………………...…43 Table 13 – Student Sample by Race/Ethnicity ………………………………...…..44 Table 14 - Descriptive Statistics for Teacher Total Score and Teacher...

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