This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Theories Of Personality Essay

1123 words - 5 pages

* Personality is “an individual’s unique constellation of consistent behavioral traits”.
* A personality trait is “a durable disposition to behave in a particular way in a variety of situations”.
* Common personality traits include:
* honest
* moody
* Impulsive
* Friendly
* Sum total of the qualities and characteristics of a person as shown in her manner of walking, talking, dressing, and her attitudes, interests, and ways of reacting to other people
* The unique, relatively enduring internal and external aspects of a person’s character that influence behavior in different situations
* General principle formulated to ...view middle of the document...

* Self-Report or Objective Inventories – involves asking people to report on themselves by answering questions about their behavior and feelings in various situations
Samples of Self-report Inventories
* Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory – a comprehensive self report personality test that is focused on assessing psychopathology which are answerable by yes or no
* Guilford-Zimmerman Temperamental Survey – it is used in clinical application and in vocational counseling and placement
* OTHERS: 16 Personality Factors, Edwards Preference Personality Scale
Differences between the Psychometric tests and the Projective tests
* Normative and structured and there is uniformity of procedure in administering and scoring.
* Focused on the measurement of separate traits.
* Highly reliable due to the fact that they have standard norms and scales for effective assessment and analysis.
* The examinee may have a knowledge of what the examiner is after.
* Do not allow a wide variety of subject responses.
* It can be given by a psychologist even without much experience

* Unstructured, designed to be ambiguous and vague so that the subject’s response is determined by internal ways of perceiving.
* Characterized by a global approach to the appraisal of personality
* Less reliable since the interpretation of responses in most of them is dependent on the clinician’s judgment.
* The examinee is not aware of the purpose of the test.
* Permit a variety of responses from the subject and there are no correct or incorrect responses to the tests.
* Should be administered, scored, and interpreted only by experienced and competent or trained psychologists.
Theories of Personality
* The Body Type Theory
* Attitude or Behavioral Type
* Theory Based on Body Chemistry
The Body Type Theory
* William Sheldon
* Related personality with body constitution, health, and vigor
* 3 layers of tissue in the human embryo: the endoderm, mesoderm, and ectoderm
* the individual is round, heavy, and with a preponderance of visceral development.
* Love pleasure, greedy, sleep soundly, and are comfort-seeking, they are sociable and are greatly interested in seeking affection
* the individual is healthy and muscular
* Assertive
* Aggressive
* They love adventure
* The individual tend to be tall with a skinny body
* Temperamentally he is idealistic, strict, sensitive and avoids social contacts
Attitude and Behavioral Type
* Men of action, outspoken, and socially oriented
* Loners, who look flexible, and...

Other Papers Like Theories of Personality

Personality Theories Essay

914 words - 4 pages Introduction The most popular psychodynamic personality theories that have been developed that have strengths and limitations in explaining personality. The research and supporting evidence in these theories are more reliable than others. Each theory is unique and differs from each other that can explain the casualties of personality and the distinct characteristics that are elusive to them. Many psychodynamic theorists have theorized the

Personality Theories Paper

959 words - 4 pages Neo Freudian’s Psychoanalytic Theory VS. B.F Skinner’s Behaviorist Approach Cion Castille Psy211 Asharaf Esmail March 12, 2013 How Personality traits are passed down or learned has always been a questionable and a confusing topic when it comes to actually proving your reasons. There seems to be many different theorists that feel that personality comes from different ways. Some even support their theories in such a logical manner that it

Psychodynamic Personality Theories Matrix

862 words - 4 pages University of Phoenix Material Psychodynamic Personality Theories Matrix Using the text for this course, the University Library, the Internet, and/or other resources, complete the following table. Theory | Assumptions | Reliability | Validity | Application | Psychoanalytic Theory |  -First developed by Sigmund Freud.-Negates influenced by free will.-Influenced by genetics as well as the environment.-behavior occurs as a result of internal

Humanistic and Existential Personality Theories

1253 words - 6 pages Humanistic and Existential Personality Theories Name PSY/405 Date Teacher University Humanistic and Existential Personality Theories In a perfect world, there would only be one, if not two different types of personality theories that psychologists would have to choose from in order to diagnose and treat their patients with, but variety, as they say, is the spice of life. In addition to that of psychodynamic personality theories

Humanistic and Existential Personality Theories

1175 words - 5 pages Humanistic and Existential Personality Theories Many theorists have dedicated their lives trying to figure out how the personality of a person is shaped. While the theories presented have brought up interesting and valid points on what causes personality, there are others that have taken a different approach to its study. There is the Humanistic-Dynamic theory by Abraham Maslow, the Person-Centered theory by Carl Rogers, and the Existential

Personality Analysis: Dispositional And Learning Theories

1662 words - 7 pages Personality Analysis: Dispositional and Learning Theories Your Name Here PSY/405 Date Here Instructors Name Here Personality Analysis: Dispositional and Learning Theories Historically, behavioral scientists longed for a method by which they could gain a better understanding of the progression of human behavioral development. A group of such scientists believed that neglecting the study of the individual and focusing only on groups and

Humanistic And Existential Personality Theories Worksheet

741 words - 3 pages University of Phoenix Material Humanistic and Existential Personality Theories Worksheet Fill-in the Blank 1. Abraham Maslow proposed the _____Humanistic____________ theory of personality. 2. According to Maslow, self-fulfillment and realization of one’s full potential are examples of ______basic__________ needs. 3. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs proposes that ___lower basic needs_________ needs must be satisfied before

Personality Theories - Bandura

687 words - 3 pages Reaction to Bandera’s Social Cognitive Theory Video In order to explain his social cognitive model Bandura started his video presentation with a negative view of the world social situation. The picture of the middle class women in New Delhi, fighting for water around a water tanker, as the water supplies are depleting looks so alarming. Violence. Child traffickers, inhumane conditions, AIDS and high population growth statistics. 40% of the

Personality Overview

1575 words - 7 pages | | |Theories of Personality | Copyright © 2010, 2009, 2007 by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved. Course Description This course surveys the field of personality from a scientific perspective, examining the general approaches to understanding personality. The key theorists and concepts associated with each

Dispositional, Biological And Evolutionary Theory

1134 words - 5 pages Dispositional, Biological and Evolutionary Theory Augustine Conteh Bridget Seeley PSY 405 Date: 10/20/2014 Introduction There are many theories which are used to explain personality. Dispositional theories explain the relationship between personality and attributes. The most well known dispositional theories are factor, tract and Allport’s Psychology of individual theory (Paul, 2009). This chapter will discuss the


297 words - 2 pages Personality overview Many theories have been developed throughout the years to help with understanding personality. A theory is a set of related assumptions that allows scientists to formulate testable hypotheses (Feist, 2009). The reason behind the existence of several theories is so that a theorist can speculate from a specific point of view. A theory is a tool that is used by scientists to pursue knowledge. Many of the personality theories

Related Essays

Theories Of Personality Essay

2101 words - 9 pages ., Spanagel, R.,& Vollmayr, B. (2009). Ambiguous-cue interpretation is biased under stress-and depression-like states in rats. Neuropsychopharmacology, 35(4), 1008-1015. Retrieved: Magnavita, J.J. (2012). Theories of Personality. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc. Retrieved: Milad, M. R., Igoe, S., & Orr, S. P. (2011). Fear

Theories Of Personality Essay

1138 words - 5 pages Article Review over Lasting False Beliefs and Their Behavioral Consequences In the article "Lasting False Beliefs and Their Behavioral Consequences," it covers the cause of telling false information to individuals, and determining if it will affect their behaviors over a short time. Studies on false memories and beliefs have compellingly shown that misleading information can lead to the creation of recollections of entire events that not

Personality Theories Essay

610 words - 3 pages Running head: PERSONALITY THEORIES Personality Theories Domingo Contreras Jr. University of Phoenix Personality Theories Conducting examinations between the Humanistic theory and the Trait theory has revealed that the two theories have many differences and very few similarities between them. Both the humanistic theory and the trait theory agree that a person’s attitude or personality is established in some sort of way by the choices

Personality Theories Essay

1097 words - 5 pages There are many theories within the field of psychology that seek to explain and undestand why humans behave in certain ways, display certain actions, and have certain motives. Personality theories are theories that have been developed to understand human personality and behavior. Psychodynamic personality theories are a specific group of theories. They are different from other psychological principles because they basicaly ignore the “science