This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Theories Of Materialism And Idealism Essay

2690 words - 11 pages

AssimogiorgosBilly AssimogiorgosSOCS 2570: Perspectives on Human Nature & Political ThoughtProf: Edward G. WinslowTA: Marc Weinstein (Thurs 10:30-12:30)Due: Wednesday, March 19, 2014.Whitehead vs. Marx: Theories of Materialism and IdealismMaterialism and idealism are two theories that greatly differ but are essentially straightforward to grasp in terms of contrasting and comparing the two. Karl Marx, a nineteenth century German philosopher and socialist saw materialism as a theory in regards to all reality being based on matter. Materialism is based on more of a scientific and factual approach. For example, the idea of a table was developed by humans because of their experience with ...view middle of the document...

Karl Marx's History MaterialismMarx's theory of historical materialism is greatly influenced from Hegel's viewpoint of history being composed of opposing forces. Hegel believed that the world is merely made up of appearances, and that true reality is an idealistic view of the world. However, although Marx did side with Hegel in terms of his notion of the world consisting of opposing forces - he did not believe that the world hides these "true realities" that Hegel insisted upon (idealistically). The way Marx analyzes history and it's development over the years, is based upon the means of production and the relationships people enter as they use these means of production (socially). At first, Marx considered the capitalist way of production to be the most revolutionary the world has ever seen due to the fact that the means of production in a capitalistic society change more than the social relationships people enter in this type of society; referred to as relations of production. In capitalistic societies, people sell their "availability to work" as opposed to the goods they are produce. Essentially, the amount of labour going into the products does not mean much in a capitalistic society. The compensation of what is being produced by the labourers is what is most important as the labourers receive money for their capacity to work, in order to survive; these people are called proletarians. And the 'opposition' in this case, are called capitalists; whom are the people that normally own the businesses and own the labour power. Marx, I guess you could say, had an eye opening experience when he realized that over time capitalistic societies would eventually spend less money on labour and invest more into new technological advancements. Keeping this in mind, the rate of profit will drastically fall even if the economy grew because labour is the source of all profits. If the rate of profits decreases enough, a recession will soon be the outcome. To conclude, in such an economical crisis, the price of labour will also fall, which will lead to more money being invested into new technologies instead of labourers.Marx & Whitehead Processes and Critique of CapitalismWhen discussing human history, Marx and Whitehead had different takes on what constituted human development and perfection. For Whitehead, the driving force of human history is reached by self-regulation and reason where the habits of mind are close to the habits of body. Through self-regulation one can reach human perfection. On the other hand, Marx argues that history is all habits of the body, and the relations between body to body. It is more of a factual based critique where the "possible" is projected from the actual. To Marx, the mind is a habit of the body created by other bodies relations with other bodies. Marx and Whitehead can be compared by the way they both begin their critiques of human history with experience, and eventually return to it. Both of them rely on internal...

Other Papers Like Theories Of Materialism And Idealism

Psychoanalytic Theories of Freud and Erikson

791 words - 4 pages psychologists’ theories takes place around approximately the same age. First stage takes place from birth to about one year. Second stage is about one year to age three. Third stage is age three until approximately five or six. Fourth stage is from age six until the onset of puberty. And the rest of the stages take place from puberty onward. After puberty is the last of Freud stages while Erikson’s continue on to three more stages. The next

Entropic And Telomere Shortening Theories Of Aging

1337 words - 6 pages critically enough that the organism cannot recover, and death occurs.There are several theories that govern aging, or specifically the manner in which various factors affect the accumulation of damage within an organism. The most widely known and acknowledged of these are the theories of free radical damage and of telomere shortening.The entropic school of thought believes that organisms accumulate defects over time, until these defects prevent a cell

Theories of Classical and Contemporary Adult Development

1451 words - 6 pages Theories of Classical and Contemporary Adult Development Kenethia Lewis PYS 202 Rizza Bermio-Gonzalez July 7, 2013   I. Where are you from? a. Born in Dayton, Ohio b. Grandview Hospital II. What was your family like? a. Oldest child b. Two brothers c. Parents split up III. Where did you attend school? a. Medowdale Elementary b. Charles H. Loos Elementary c. Fairport Middle School 1. Honor Roll 2. Handbell Choir 3

Historical And Contemporary Theories Of Management

2719 words - 11 pages Historical and Contemporary Theories of Management Overview The idea of management is not new. Early forms of management concepts have been applied throughout history in order to progress as a society. Could Stonehenge have been built without the management of all of the required tasks? What about the Mayan or Egyptian pyramids? Could the stones for these monuments have been found, cut, and moved without a plan? Management activities were needed

Compare and Contrast Two Theories of Motivation

2326 words - 10 pages Essay Question Compare and Contrast Two theories of motivation. Suggest how a team leader might use these theories to motivate their team. Motivation according to Vroom (1964) is based within the individual , which influences one to complete a task. It is important for team leaders to motivate their team in order to 'improve productivity' (Hyun and Oh ,2011, P103) and ensure that employees enjoy their jobs. Many theories of motivation have

Present An Outline Of Subcultural Theories Of Crime And Deviance And Asses The Values Of These Theories

1852 words - 8 pages hPresent an outline of subcultural theories of crime and deviance and asses the values of these theories. Functionalism is a consensus structuralist theory which sees the source of crime and deviance looted in the structure of the society. Social order is bases on value consensus and social control aims to protect this by controlling the threat posed by crime and deviance. A former functionalist Merton, attempted to explain why deviance

Compering The Theories Of Jung, Freud And Alder

673 words - 3 pages Running Head : Comparing the theories of Freud , Adler and Jung Comparing the theories of Freud, Adler and Jung Alfred Adler , Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung collectively and individually contributed immensely to the development of contemporary psychology . The three notable individuals either worked together at some point or corresponded on a number of s , though they had varied views and each went ahead to adopt his unique theories . Adler

Classical Political Economy and Rise to Dominance of Supply and Demand Theories

866 words - 4 pages 10/24/2012 Econ 2 Classical Political Economy and Rise to Dominance of Supply and Demand Theories Supply and demand describes how prices vary as a result of a balance between product availability at each price and the desires of those with purchase power at each price. When supply and demand comes into effect, Capitalism is well expected to be presented upon the economy. That’s the only way for our economy to progress and gain wealth within

Assess Strain Theories As An Explanation Of Crime And Deviance In Contemporary Society.Docx Uploaded Successfully

751 words - 4 pages Assess strain theories as an explanation of crime and deviance in contemporary society The relationship between offending and subculture explains how a situation for example society preventing certain groups particularly working class males from succeeding in terms of material achievement and this creates group response whereby the group rejects the values and of that society and develops alternative values ‘subculture’ and this leads to values

Contrast Liberal And Mercantilist Theories Of International Political Economy And Consider Which Approach Is Most Apparent In The Contemporary World

1452 words - 6 pages Contrast liberal and mercantilist theories of international political economy and consider which approach is most apparent in the contemporary world. The following seeks to contrast liberal and mercantilist theories that have developed to describe and analyze the international political economy. Once the contrasts have been made conclusions as to which theory is the most apt or apparent in the contemporary world will be drawn. Both liberal

Describe and Evaluate the Effectiveness of Sociological Theories in Explaining the Role of the Public Services in Contemporary Society

2940 words - 12 pages Describe and evaluate the effectiveness of sociological theories in explaining the role of the public services in contemporary society. Since the beginning of time (Giddens, 2009), human kind has constantly striven to reflect and improve their past behaviour and conducts, with aspiration that their knowledge will help create a better society. Charles Wright Mills an American Sociologist refers to this as ‘Sociological imagination

Related Essays

Theories And Principles Of Learning Essay

3552 words - 15 pages Identify and discuss the significance of relevant theories and principles of learning and communication There are different factors which affect learning and could make a huge impact on learner achievement. It is important that these factors are addressed to enable a learner maximise their chances of succeeding in their studies. Good and bad experiences can affect learning and could determine the outcomes of a learner. The theories of

Theories Of Acids And Bases Essay

1804 words - 8 pages THEORIES OF ACIDS AND BASESThis page describes the Arrhenius, Bronsted-Lowry, and Lewis theories of acids and bases, and explains the relationships between them. It also explains the concept of a conjugate pair - an acid and its conjugate base, or a base and its conjugate acid. | | | The Arrhenius Theory of acids and basesThe theory * Acids are substances which produce hydrogen ions in solution. * Bases are substances which produce

Supervisory Roles And Theories Of Motivation Paper

895 words - 4 pages  Supervisory Roles and Theories of Motivation Paper BSHS/425 March 7, 2016 Supervisory Roles and Theories of Motivation Paper Who is fully equipped to respond to those in need? There is no one answer for this question; however considering the diversity of those in need a Human Service organization must be able to rapidly respond. In order to do so it takes many strategies and people, including those in Supervisory Roles

The Fossil Record And Theories Of Evolution

1725 words - 7 pages The Fossil Record and Theories of Evolution. Introduction In general, the term 'evolution' can imply a drastic orgradual change from a very broad perspective. Life on earth, the universe,galaxies, as also the earth in general have evolved through millions of years.In this essay we consider only one aspect of evolution emphasizing on evolutionas a biological tool for change among species and consider fossil record assupportive of both evolution