This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Theoretical Perspective Of Cognition Essay

1934 words - 8 pages

The Theoretical Perspective of the Cognitive Personality Approach
Brett

Abstract
What I as an author am trying to do in this essay is to grab my audiences attention and explain and appeal to them about the theoretical perspective of the Cognitive Personality approach. I provided historical statements, theories, and research to make each individual aspect of the perspective as clear as possible. This essay will consist of the Theoretical perspective of the approach, Theorists who have contributed to this approach,  Compare and contrast two theorists perspectives within this approach, Identify and describe measurement and assessment instruments, and Clinical application of the approach.
...view middle of the document...

Cognitive psychologists study internal processes including perception, attention, language, memory and thinking.
The cognitive perspective applies a nomothetic approach to discover human cognitive processes, but have also adopted idiographic techniques through using case studies (e.g. KF, HM). Typically cognitive psychologists use the laboratory experiment to study behavior. This is because the cognitive approach is a scientific one (Keating). For example, participants will take part in memory tests in strictly controlled conditions. However, the widely used lab experiment can be criticized for lacking ecological validity (a major criticism of cognitive psychology).
Cognitive psychology became of great importance in the mid 1950s. Severalfactors were important in this:
* Dissatisfaction with the behaviorist approach in its simple emphasis on external behavior rather than internal processes.
* The development of better experimental methods.
* Comparison between human and computer processing of information
As its name implies, the cognitive approach deals with mental processes like memory and problem solving. By emphasizing mental processes, it places itself in opposition to behaviorism, which largely ignores mental processes. Yet, in many ways the development of the cognitive approach , in the early decades of the 20th century, is intertwined with the behaviorist approach (Keating). For example, Edwin Tolman, whose work on "cognitive maps" in rats made him a cognitive pioneer, called himself a behaviorist. Similarly, the work of David Krech (aka Ivan Krechevsky) on hypotheses in maze learning was based on behaviorist techniques of observation and measurement.
The core focus of cognitive psychology is on how people acquire, process and store information (Miller). There are numerous practical applications for cognitive research, such as improving memory, increasing decision-making accuracy and structuring educational curricula to enhance learning.
Until the 1950s, behaviorism was the dominant school of thought in psychology. Between 1950 and 1970, the tide began to shift against behavioral psychology to focus on topics such as attention, memory and problem-solving (Miller). Cognitive psychology is often referred to as the cognitive revolution, this period generated considerable research on topics including processing models, cognitive research methods and the first use of the term "cognitive psychology.
Cognitive theories of psychology are focused on internal states, such as motivation, problem solving, decision-making, thinking, and attention. The cognitive approach has many theorists involved who have contributed over the years and developed and influenced the current approach that we look as as cognitive (Keating). Whether they were groundbreaking or influential in a very minute way, none the less, they all contributed to the growth of the psychological concept. Such psychologists who have contributed to this approach were:
...

Other Papers Like Theoretical Perspective of Cognition

Language and Culture Essay

1474 words - 6 pages language or culture plays a determinant role. Everett makes the case that culture certainly determines language while language represents the complex interaction among culture, cognition, and language itself. We are to first look at the dynamics among culture, language, and cognition; then, we will move to discuss different theories that deal with interface of culture, cognition, and language. Language as determined by culture According

Toys and Soc Essay

1003 words - 5 pages ' toys and games typically are more useful and mind-invigorating. Some typical boys' toys improve the development of coordination and helps with problem-solving skills. This helps the stereotype that boys are better at tasks that require higher level of cognition at an early age. In the book it gives us a great example of roles,” roles the behaviors, obligations, and privileges attached to a status” (Henslin p.113). From overserving from their toys

Does Rumination Hinder Forgiveness in the Context of an Interpersonal Transgression

2223 words - 9 pages Does rumination hinder forgiveness in the context of an interpersonal transgression? Forgiveness theory has been widely researched in the social psychology arena in recent years. The role of rumination in forgiveness has received much attention, with several important studies by prominent researchers attempting to measure its effect. A dominant theoretical perspective on the relationship between rumination and forgiveness in the literature

Suicide Amongst College Students

1565 words - 7 pages There has been very little research or development of family-based theories that can explain or predict suicidal behaviors. While certain theories, such as psychoanalytic, interpersonal-psychological and even an evolutionary perspective, attempt to explain the occurrence of suicidal thoughts and actions they are not family-based at their core. Some of the perspectives surrounding behavioral, cognitive, and psychodynamic concepts have developed

Evolution of Cognitive Psychology as a Discipline

1112 words - 5 pages comprehensive definition, it is evident that cognition is concerned in everything a human being might probably do; every psychological experience is a cognitive experience. However, although cognitive psychology is related to all human activity rather than a few segments of it, the apprehension is that it is from a specific point of view yet other viewpoints are evenly justifiable and essential. The Interdisciplinary Perspective & Emergence of

Moral Disengagement and Dehuminization

742 words - 3 pages good people can do evil things, given the right condition to change their perception on an individual. These two theoretical models, and many situations have modified people’s moral cognition, which gives me great empathy for the prison guards in the experiment. One part of the movie was impressionable when the guards discussed their children and compared pictures, having close family ties showed their virtuous side. They didn’t start off as

Artificial Intelligence

1154 words - 5 pages program, what can it do? What are the actual results in comparison to human intelligence? For example, what matters about a chess-playing program is how good it is. Can it possibly beat chess grand masters? There is also a more structured approach in assessing artificial intelligence, which began opening the door of the artificial intelligence contribution into the science world. According to this theoretical approach, what matters is not the

Artificial Intelligence

1124 words - 5 pages , what can it do? What are the actual results in comparison to human intelligence? For example, what matters about a chess-playing program is how good it is. Can it possibly beat chess grand masters? There is also a more structured approach in assessing artificial intelligence, which began opening the door of the artificial intelligence contribution into the science world. According to this theoretical approach, what matters is not the input

Psychological Aspect Of Health Care

2395 words - 10 pages . Rosenstock, 1974), and the Theory of Planned Behaviour (e.g. Ajzen, 1985). These theoretical approaches have a number of overlapping constructs (Norman & Conner, 1996), and personal models also have similarities with elements of social cognition theories. However, personal models are unique in that they are empirically based, originating in studies of patients. Focusing on Illness cognition within the context of common sense model of self

Cognitive Theorist

873 words - 4 pages Cognitive Theorist – Jean Piaget Terry Cross University of Phoenix 10/17/2014 Contribution of the theorist in the field of learning Jean Piaget was one of the pioneer psychologists who concentrated on the systematic analysis of cognitive development. Jean Piaget contributed in the field of learning by developing a theory of cognitive development in children. His detailed and close observational studies of children’s cognition

Learning in the 20th Century

2354 words - 10 pages -breaking notion of Behaviorism. Behaviorism, simplified, is the theory that a person is the product of their environment, and to change a person’s behavior, one needs to simply adjust their environment. More specifically, the term behaviorism was coined by John Watson which he defined as a “theoretical perspective in which learning and behavior are described and explained in terms of stimulus-response relationships” (Ormrod, 2010). Incidentally

Related Essays

Children's Theoretical Perspective On The Theory Of Mind And False Belief On Social Cognition

4817 words - 20 pages Children’s Theoretical Perspective on the Theory of Mind and False Beliefs on Social Cognition Questions seeking an answer to a missing piece, puzzled with things unknown, and bothering twisted thoughts. These are primordial stuff experienced by an individual leading to curiosity. Curiosity which makes every person motivated in finding an answers. The fact that curiosity about a matter will always be the starting point of a new

Cognitive Psychology Essay

1014 words - 5 pages staggering. What is more astounding, however, is the dearth of articles that present the results of evolutionarily-informed research or interpret the results from an evolutionary perspective. A cognitive neuroscience approach to ultimate questions without evolutionary meta-theoretical guidance makes little sense, about as much sense as psychological science without evolutionary meta-theoretical guidance. This is not to say that proximate

Whatever Essay

298 words - 2 pages interview nuclear families, because they are not representing the variables they are looking for. Similarly if someone is investigating delinquency, they will not conduct their research in a place that is very well developed or a place that has a lot of wealthy people living there, because it would not be representative of the phenomena they wish to study. The last theoretical issue is methological perspective which is a choice of method that is influenced by their perspective – their view of what society is and how we should...

Cognitive Capacity As Competitive Advantage: Essay

399 words - 2 pages call for an investigation of the normative implications of cognition [15, 16, 36]. If cognitive ability is not uniformly distributed among managers then the ability to capture this resource may form the basis for rent creation. Ginsberg [15] has formalized this argument by linking it to the resource-based theory of the firm. For Ginsberg, socio-cognitive capabilities represent a scarce resource that cannot be easily imitated. Moreover