LIBERTY UNIVERSITY BAPTIST THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY
The Working of the Holy Spirit: Charismatic Theology
Submitted to Dr. Lee Mitchell
in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the completion of
Survey of Christian Doctrine
July 4, 2015
Table of Contents
Thesis Statement 1
The Need for the Study 1
The Procedure for the Study 1
Defining Charismatic Theology 1
History of Charismatic Theology 2
Baptism of the Holy Spirit 2
Speaking in Tongues 3
Gift of Healing 4
Gift of Prophecy 5
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” Over the years nondenominational charismatic churches have evolved thus the way in which they are defined had to change too. Charismatic is now used “to refer to all those movements outside denominational or ‘classical’ Pentecostalism where spiritual gifts are exercised.”
History of Charismatic Theology
The history of Charismatic Theology as it relates to Pentecostals began in the early twentieth century and by 1989 grew worldwide to approximately 353 million people. “Classical Pentecostalism began on January 1, 1901 when Agnes Ozman spoke in tongues at Bethel Bible School in Topeka, Kansas.” It spurred in 1906-07 during a Revival in Los Angeles by William Seymour and from there spread worldwide. This was termed the “first wave”.
The “second wave” was the charismatic renewal which is a more recent movement. It began in 1960 with Dennis Bennett. “Originally beginning with the Pentecostal movement, the charismatic movement broadened its boundaries to impact many Protestant and Catholic denominations. Believing the sign gifts of speaking in tongues and healing are not restricted to the apostolic age, charismatics affirm these sign gifts as valid throughout the centuries and into the present.”
The “third wave” as named by Peter Wagner is similar in belief to both the first wave (Pentecostalism) and the second wave (charismatic renewal) when it comes to the gift of healing and the gift of prophecy. However, they have some differences with it comes to some of the charismatic gifts.
The gifts of the Holy Spirit are sometimes called pneumatikos meaning spiritual things or things pertaining to the spirit. This word explains the spiritual nature and origin of spiritual gifts. They are not natural talents but have the origin of the Holy Spirit. The gifts of the Holy Spirit is also called charisma which means grace gift. These are not natural developed abilities that one can master with much practice and but rather are gifts given by God’s grace. “For I say, through the grace given unto me, to every man that is among you, not to think of himself more highly than he ought to think; but to think soberly, according as God hath dealt to every man the measure of faith. Having then gifts differing according to the grace that is given to us, whether prophecy, let us prophesy according to the proportion of faith.”
The gifts of the Holy Spirit can be used in two ways. “First, a spiritual gift to an individual is God’s enablement for personal spiritual service. Second, a spiritual gift to the church is a person uniquely equipped for the church’s edification and maturation.” It should be noted that one’s ability or talent and gift for doing something is not the same as possessing a gift of the Holy Spirit. A natural gift is usually one that someone is born with; whereas a spiritual gift is given by God at the moment of conversion.
Speaking in tongues is the first gift of the Holy Spirit and probably the most...