This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Women's Army Corp (Wac) Essay

2612 words - 11 pages

“The Women’s Army Corp (WAC)”

Throughout the history of the United States women have served the country during wartime in a capacity that went largely unrecognized or even acknowledged by the military. Women have helped care for soldiers as nurses or cooks, they worked as spies and in the most extreme cases they would disguise themselves as men so they could serve on the front lines of the battle. World War I brought a change to the military as the fighting was now taking place overseas and the need arose for a larger army, women were now able to begin serving a role that would be recognized in the various branches of the military; the Army, Navy, Marines and Coast Guard. These ...view middle of the document...

The Army Nurse Corp was established by Congress in 1901 as a military organization but without Army rank, officer status or even equal pay (Treadwell, 1954, p. 6). Nurses in the Army were considered necessary and were accepted as nursing was considered to be ‘women’s work’, therefore nurses were granted military status (Holm, 1998, p 17). Even though the women were no longer a part of the military there would still be talk of reincorporating them for the purpose of building a stronger and more efficient military in case of future wars. These proposals and ideas would be shelved until World War II when the need for a larger army was evident and necessary if the United States was to succeed at winning the war.
In 1941, as the war was progressing overseas, Congresswoman Edith Nourse Rogers introduced a bill to Congress proposing to establish the WAAC, the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corp (Holm, 1982, p. 21). After war was declared the Army was faced with a shortage of manpower that the draft was unable to fill. The purpose of the WAAC was to utilize women’s talents and abilities in the war effort and to provide women to serve as army support staff, freeing men for combat duty (Hoyt, 1995, p. 61). In May 1942 the WAAC was established to start recruiting women to the Army but this was with its faults. The first women were not a part of the Army; they were serving as an auxiliary to the Army without the benefits that their male counterparts received. (Holm, 1982, p. 24). At first the women did not protest or resent this fact but when the Navy and Marines began to recruit women giving them the same military status as men the WAAC began to protest and membership numbers fell. In response to this in June 1943 a new bill was passed which eliminated the WAAC and established the WAC, the Women’s Army Corp, giving women full military status. With this change the WAC began to grow again.
The creation of the WAC was not without its controversy as well as opposition. There were many who felt that by allowing women into the army the United States would be seen as weak as well as cause a distraction for the enlisted men. The reasons for opposition ranged from protesting women in the army because then who would ‘manage the home fires’ doing the household tasks such as cooking, cleaning and washing (Weatherford, 1990, p. 30), to opposing women in the army because of the humiliation it would cause the United States. Congressman Somers from New York stated, “What has become of the manhood of America that we have to call on our women to do what has ever been the duty of men?” (Weatherford, 1990, p. 30). The final vote to approve the WAAC passed by a mere 11 votes and was signed by President Roosevelt on May 15, 1942.
Despite the controversy surrounding enlisting women in the Army, by the end of summer 1942 over 110,000 applications had been given out (Weatherford, 1990, p. 33). The requirement for enlisting was simple, a female citizen between the...

Other Papers Like The Women's Army Corp (Wac)

Women in the Canadian Military Essay

658 words - 3 pages dedication, the C.W.A.C had provided a base for equality between men and women in the Canadian Army. Women played a large role in World War Two, the C.W.A.C performed many acts of devotion. The Canadian Womens Army Corps was not always around. Before the C.W.A.C women were a part of small groups across Canada, such as the Women's Volunteer Reserve Corps (from central Canada and the Maritime provinces) or the Canadian Territorial Service (from

Counseling Essay

911 words - 4 pages that has carried through time and still holds true today to all who bear the skill and ability to jump from an aircraft and complete their assigned task or metaphorically speaking can be out to the test against any task and still emerge successful. At this current time I feel the Adjutant General Corp is very important to the Army mission due to the nature of which it operates. By keeping Soldiers first and taking care of them and their families


1039 words - 5 pages rely try to explain unless they inquire about the lifestyle or any other questions they had before. Corporate bias is referring to my love and pride for the Marine Corps. In my eight years of service, past traditions is held to a standard above other sister service out of respect for those who have gone before. It is something that is engraved during the boot camp process and is evident in everything Marines do. The Marine Corp has

History of Ads

1287 words - 6 pages integrating both approaches The history and change of woman portrayed in advertising Depression and war: Changing roles The Great Depression and World War II left indelible marks on society. Through the 1930s, ad copy continued to portray women primarily as homemakers Woodbury soap featured what is thought to be advertising's first full-figure b&w photograph of a nude woman (shot by Edward Steichen) in 1936. The conflict between women's

Army Promotion System

1922 words - 8 pages The Armed Forces have guidelines to follow in every aspect of its stability as a force to lead and defend. To lead and defend you have to have the knowledge and the capability to understand that these requirements come with a price to pay and that it is with the intent of being the best Non Commission Officer (NCO) that you can within the Corp. Each year/month the Army has set numbers/slots to prepare for those to be promoted to withstand the


1200 words - 5 pages FetishismFetishism is a perversion that is found, primarily in men, in whichgenital discharge is impossible without the presence of their fetish. A fetish,however can be a variety of things, yet there are three basic types of fetishes:an inanimate object (e.g. women's clothing, shoes, gloves, underwear), a partof the human body (e.g. foot, hand, hair, legs, breasts), or something oddsuch as, leather, rubber, the touch of velvet. Some fetishes

Mgt 330 Management Functions

1282 words - 6 pages of the more important management functions is the leading function. This entails managers motivating their employees to work together toward achieving the company’s goals. The army has a system in place called the Non-Commissioned Officer Corps. The NCO Corp are the managers that enforce the standards of the army and supervise the junior enlisted soldiers. As stated in the text “The Army currently defines leadership as “the process of influencing

Women's Rights

1205 words - 5 pages agents and supervised by the Japanese Army. Some Japanese historians, using the testimony of ex-comfort women, have argued that the Imperial Japanese Army and Navy were either directly or indirectly involved in forcing, deceiving, luring, and sometimes kidnapping young women throughout Japan's Asian colonies and occupied territories.(Onishi 2007-03-08.) Conclusion The main goals in all women’s right movements are the protection of women's

The Negative Impacts of Mass Tourism in Kenya

720 words - 3 pages organization was formed called the Women's Land Army. Theses women were paid 18 shillings a week and had to bring in the harvest and keep the farms going. By 1914 nearly 5.09 million out of the 23.8 million women in Britain were working. Thousands worked in offices and large hangars used to build aircraft. Women were also involved in knitting socks for the soldiers on the front, as well as other voluntary work, but as a matter of survival

Force Structure

796 words - 4 pages is affected by variations in total year end strength (ES) and total TTHS at the time. OSdeviation is the difference between OS and FSA and it will provide commanders with measurement of how much faces (OS) deviates from spaces (FSA) at any given time. Changes to either one affcets the OPsd at any time. The Office of Personnel Management Systems (OPMS) looks at needs of the Army and needs of officer corp and attempts to balance each year

Acquisition Planning

974 words - 4 pages accommodate all these type of services. To be able to justify these criteria, a full market research must be initiated by the US Army Corp of Engineers. The acquisition planning and market research must be prepared before the composition of the solicitation. The requirements for support of The US Corps of Engineers (USACE) must be well defined in the acquisition planning and documented in a Statement of Need, which should explain the events that led to

Related Essays

The Role Of Women During World War Ii

785 words - 4 pages Naval Reserve, and United States Marine Corps Women's Reserve were also created for women performing additional roles. The WAAC, however, never accomplished its goal of making available to the national defense the knowledge, skill, and special training of the women of the nation. In July 1943, the WAAC was reorganized to form the Women's Army Corps (WAC), which was recognized as an official part of the regular army, but not in combat units

Women In The Military Essay

930 words - 4 pages fire the M-16 but were not allowed to fire them. Desert Storm/OIF: During Desert Storm over 40,000 US military women served in key combat‐support positions. During OIF woman also served in key combat-support roles and were assigned to support units on the front line. History of Women in Military and Combat 1942-1978 WAC: The Women’s Army Corps. Members of WAC were the first women other than nurses to serve within the ranks of the

Golden Turd Essay

590 words - 3 pages bill was one my ideas for a design to commemorate. In the past, I was very active in many aspects of emergency communications as a member of ARES, RACES, and Army Mars. I have served as a past President of University of Texas ARC (W5EHM), past President and Treasurer of the Austin ARC (AARC-W5KA), Austin Repeater Organization, both as ARES Emergency Coordinator and Assistant Emergency Coordinator for Travis County (Austin-Texas), Assistant

Examining Govenment Regu; Ations Essay

1273 words - 6 pages Examining Government Regulations Sandra Christensen HSM/210 04/11/2012 Adam Will Examining Government Regulations Two very important human service agencies in Spokane, Washington, are Spokane Neighborhood Action Program (SNAP) and The Salvation Army. After researching the government regulations and standards, both organizations fall under