The Willoughby Plan
The English and French sent agents negotiate with the resisting Kalinago. The Windward was the last island frontier, the first diplomatic effort by the English to establish a foothold in Kalinago territory in the Windward was the Willoughby Plan of 1667.William Lord Willoughby, governor of Barbados has long recognized the great financial gain that he, Barbados and English would have if the Windward could be converted into slave based sugar plantations. In 1630 the Kalinago had repelled small scale military expedition. The Willoughby plan was not yet organized.
In response the Kalinago showed some flexibility. Willoughby wanted the Kalinago to sign a ...view middle of the document...
The Collapse of the Willoughby Plan
The collapse of the Barbados diplomatic initiative caused Governor Willoughby to move to the next stage of his plan (a full scale military offensive) but the kalinago proved too much for the Willoughby, and the expedition suffered a heavy loss.
Governor Stapleton of Leeward feared for the lives of Leeward Islanders and those who worked under an agreement with the Kalinago in Dominica. In 1676, Governor Atkins described the war effort as fruitless design with an overall result of the war that there remains ‘no likelihood of any plantations upon the Lesser Antilles. However Antiguans were forced to keep soldiers on guards to protect against the Kalinago soldiers.
Governor Stapleton argued that only the destruction of all the Caribbean Indians could be the best piece of service for the settlement considering the prospects settlements in Leeward and Windward. In December 1675 a petition to English government sought to raise soldiers to go into Dominica to destroy the Kalinago. Stapleton was...