This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The United Nations Essay

2368 words - 10 pages


The History of the United Nations
Following the end of World War II, many nations decided that the League of Nations; an organization that was founded after World War I by the United States of America upon the Treaty of Versailles, needed to be replaced by an organization that could better foresee the needs of the international community and undertake the responsibility of maintaining international peace and security. The United Nations, with its six principle organs was founded in 1945, as a replacement to the failed League of Nations.1
The fifty founding countries of the United Nations met in San Francisco, California in 1945 in order to draft a new charter. The United ...view middle of the document...

It affords the opportunity for countries to balance global interdependence and national interests when addressing international problems”. 2

The United Nations is composed of six major principle organs. The two most important and influential organs are the General Assembly and the Security Council. The remaining four organs however, are the Economic and Social Council, Secretariat, International Court of Justice, and finally, the Trusteeship Council. The most vital organ in the decision-making process is the Security Council.2

The United Nations’ Functions:
There are six principle organs of the United Nations. The General Assembly, The Security Council, The Economic and Social Council, The International Court of Justice, The Secretariat and The Trusteeship Council (inactive since 1994). All organs share one main goal; promoting international cooperation and peace. In order to have a better understanding of the United Nations and its functions, one must take a look at the four most important councils; The General Assembly, The Security Council, The International Court of Justice and The Economic and Social Council.
The General Assembly is the only UN organ that contains all 193 state members, all with equal votes. The main powers of the General Assembly are overseeing the budget of the UN, appointing non-permanent states to the Security Council, and receiving reports from various organs of the UN. Aside from these responsibilities, the General Assembly is also required to establish subsidiary organs that contribute to enforcing world peace, such as the United Nations Human Rights Council. Although the General Assembly is the main policy-maker of the UN and discusses a wide range of topics within the scope of the United Nations such as peace and security, the General Assembly makes recommendations in the form of resolutions. These resolutions require a two-thirds majority in order to pass, due to equal representation of states in the General Assembly. Unfortunately, these resolutions, excluding budgetary issues, are not binding. It is argued that the General Assembly lacks any substantial power to bring about real change to the world or to specific incumbent conflicts. Despite that, however, the General Assembly is enabled to take empirical actions. Resolution 377 “Uniting for Peace” states the right of the General Assembly to take action upon the failure of the Security Council to take action regarding a matter of breach of international peace and security.
The Security Council is the organ of the United Nations directly responsible for the maintenance of international peace and security through promoting international cooperation and providing nonviolent methods of settling disputes. There are fifteen members in the Security Council, five permanent members, and ten members who serve two-year terms. The five permanent members are: The People’s Republic of China, The French Republic, The Russian Federation, The United Kingdom and...

Other Papers Like The United Nations

United Nations Essay

789 words - 4 pages United Nations | Intro to Political Science GOVT 2304-23404 Spring 2016 (INET) Word count:729 | Edgar Calvillo | Every year hundreds of young women start the process to pursue their long lived dream of becoming Miss USA. The majority of America watches, even if they deny doing so. During the interviewing segment the candidates are asked “How to solve world peace”. Not to take away from their effort, but it takes much

United Nations Essay

1793 words - 8 pages ( resolution was effective in that it delegitimized the South African government and voicing the international outrage over the massacre in Sharpeville. However, it did little else. The apartheid didn't end in 1960, but went on for another thirty four years. Frustrated with the continued segregationist policies of the apartheid government, on November 6, 1962, the General Assembly of the United Nations passed Resolution 1761 which

United Nations

1128 words - 5 pages To what extent is the UN effective in ensuring peace and security? The United Nations was set up in 1945 and contains 192 members which is ongoing. Its primary aim was to ensure it safeguarded peace and security, with other aims revolving around human rights, international law and social progress. The UN has been heavily criticised due its functions and how it operate, however many would argue that the UN has been very effective in ensuring

United Nations and Women

646 words - 3 pages governmental and non-governmental have pledged to integrate women into the mainstream of reconstruction planning; it’s sad to say that few have been translated to practice. The United Nations as well as many other IGO and NGOs have recognized that reconstruction efforts must consider the possible economic, social, physical and mental discrepancies faced by women in post conflict situations. From the UN’s (_end?_) the newly created comprehensive UN Women

United Nations Climate Change

2795 words - 12 pages The United Nations Climate Change Conference, COP19 or CMP9 was held in Warsaw, Poland from 11 to 23 November 2013, stretching on by one day more than scheduled. This is the 19th yearly session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 19) to the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the 9th session of the Meeting of the Parties (CMP 9) to the 1997 Kyoto Protocol. The conference delegates continue the negotiations

Roles of United Nations in Maintenance of Peace and Security

1399 words - 6 pages INTRODUCTION In the United Nations charter for maintenance of international peace and security, the Security Council has primary responsibility to play in that. It is for Security Council to determine when and where a UN peacekeeping operation should be deployed. The Security Council response to crises around the world on a case by case basis and it has a range of options at its disposal. It takes many different factors into accounts considering

Flow of Funds from Richer to Poorer Nations, a Need of the Hour

562 words - 3 pages the time of tabulation of United Nations charter, relevant monitory bodies like IMF and World Bank were established to provide funds for the development of developing nations. This as a matter of fact was a realization by the developed countries that the poorer nations need their help. Accordingly the aid was provided in the past in its various forms and manifestations to the needy nations but the historical record show discrepancies in the very

Un Peacekeeping

8577 words - 35 pages Peacekeeping By ishaan harsh 1279 Provision for Peacekeeping in the Charter of the United Nations The Charter of the United Nations was signed, in San Francisco, on 26 June 1945 and is the foundation document for all the United Nations work. The United Nations was established to “save succeeding generations from the scourge of war” and one of its main purposes is to maintain international peace and security. Peacekeeping

Agricultural Subsides And Development

317 words - 2 pages the developing nations. According to the United Nation, the subsidies and tariffs effectively cancel out the aid provided by the developed world to the developing nations by limiting export earnings from agricultural products. Discussion of this case can revolve around the following questions: 1) If agricultural tariffs and subsidies to producers were removed overnight, what would the impact be on the average consumer in developed nations

Law 531 Wk 6

656 words - 3 pages price fixing. 2.)    ________ is a clause in an international contract that designates which nation's laws will be applied in deciding a dispute arising out of the contract.  Equal Protection Clause  Choice of law clause  Forum-selection clause  Supremacy Clause 3.)    Which of the following is provided under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act? It regulates commerce between the United States and foreign nations.  It exclusively governs

World Heath Organization

1008 words - 5 pages Karim Hall Abstract The World Health Organization also known by its abbreviation (WHO) it is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that is concerns itself with international public health. The World Health Organization being a international organization in over 61 different countries that the United Nations help maintain international peace which is one the great and overachieving organizations in the world today. To talk about

Related Essays

The United Nations Essay

780 words - 4 pages The United Nations (UN) was created out of a necessity for maintaining international peace and resolving wars between countries in the world. After the Second World War, President Woodrow Wilson had founded The League of Nation's that had failed in its objective. The UN looks forward to restore human rights, have better standards of living for poorer nation, maintaining justice and friendly relations between countries, providing supplies and aid

The Restructuring Of The United Nations

1306 words - 6 pages In recent years there have been many calls for reform of the United Nations from many critics including the current UN secretary Kofi Annan. Unfortunately, there is little consensus on how to go about reforming it. Some want the United Nations to play a greater or more effective role in world affairs; others want its role reduced to humanitarian work. Despite the original intention of the United Nations as a "global association of governments

The Official Language Of The United Nations

1313 words - 6 pages , commerce and opportunity around the world. English is the official language of 51 nations and 27 states in the United States of America. Most scholars believe that English is the common language in the United States of America. This is true in fact but not in law. The founders of the United States of America were aware of the importance of the language of nation building. A nation’s language was thought to be the essence of national culture. There were

The Role Of France And The United Nations During The Ruandan Genocide

2422 words - 10 pages         The  Role  of  France  and  the  United  Nations  during  the   Ruandan  Genocide       B.  Menn           2 Table of Contents 1. Introduction ..............................................................................................................3   2. Definition of Genocide