* “Sick Man” of Europe: 1914
This was a name given to the Ottoman's from the Europeans. It was based on the Ottoman's sultans inability to control the takeover of many states. It fails to recognize reform in the Ottoman's
* “Stabbed in the Back”(1918):
After germany lost the war the german people wanted someone to blame. Rhe german army believe they had been stabbed in the back by the Weimar Republic. This is because they were the politicians who signed the Armistice. Which made the known as the November ciminals.
* “The White Man’s Burden” :
The idea that Europeans have a duty/responsibility to help uncivilized nations. They thought that they were genetically superior to ...view middle of the document...
u.k. Monarchy or Dual State, was a dual-monarchic union state in Central Europe from 1867 to 1918, Its economic and social life was marked by a rapid economic growth through the age of industrialization and social modernization through many liberal and democratic reforms.
* Axis Powers (1940):
Japan, Germany and Italy; They agreed to fight Soviet communism and to not interfere with one another's plans for territorial expansion
* Beer Hall Putsch: (1923)
Hitler's attempt, in 1923, to overthrow the Weimar Republic when he fired his pistol in the ceiling of a Munich beer hall.
* Belgian Congo (1908):
The loose name used to describe the Congo colony after 1908. It was controlled by a Belgian management organisation that consisted of members of the government, church and powerful mining companies. While conditions in the Congo did improve, it was still predominantly an economic colony. This period of Congolese history ends when the Congo gain their independence in 1960.
* Belle Époque:
literally means "Beautiful Age" and is a name given in France to the period from roughly the end of the Franco-Prussian War (1871) to the start of World War 1 (1914). This is picked out because the standards of living and security for the upper and middle classes increased, leading to it retrospectively being labelled as a golden age by them compared to the humiliations that came before, and the devastation of the end which completely changes Europe's mindset
* Benito Mussolini:
Fascist dictator of Italy (1922-1943). He led Italy to conquer Ethiopia, joined Germany in the Axis pact, and allied Italy with Germany in World War II. He was overthrown in 1943 when the Allies invaded Italy., right-wing movement, socialist, influenced by Nietzsche; after WWI broke out, he wanted Italy to participate with France. There was many problems going on in Italy, thus he promised improvement and got into power.
* Big Four:
The four most important leaders. They were Vittorio Orlando (Italy), Woodrow Wilson (US), David Lloyd George (Britain), and Clemenceau (France).
* Big Three :
The three most powerful countries after WW1, these were the U.S., britain, and France
-included industries (i.e. lawyers, accountants, etc.)
constitute a middle class
-RICH (relatively small percentage of society)
-new capitalist class that emerged during 19th century
now center of society
* Cecil Rhodes: 1853-1902
British colonial financier and statesman in South Africa made a fortune in gold and diamond mining; helped colonize the territory now known as Zimbabwe
* Colonialism (what is the importance of colonies?)
Attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles in another territory.
The reality principle, seeks to please the ID in realistic ways (mediates between the ID and reality) "conscious awareness" includes judgement, control,...