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The Transnational Security Threats From Failed States

1334 words - 6 pages

Failed and weak states are posing greater security threats to the world than it were ever imagined. The collapse of autonomy and sovereignty among states is therefore a susceptible situation in the modern world. Developed states like the United States and other notable security sensitive nations are focusing their security efforts towards the failed states. This is mainly because these weak states have become breeding sites for criminal activities, and terrorist groups have established strong bases in such countries. The challenges posed by these failed states on security issues are far-reaching, and reliable measures have to be taken in order to safeguard the safety of the global ...view middle of the document...

According to a recent United Nations report on transnational security threats, failed states are characterized by extensive violation of human rights (Bar-Joseph, 2001). Critical analysis on failed states shows that there is reasonable evidence to link transnational security threats to these states. Some well known group that has taken refuge in failed states over the years includes Al Qaeda (Wyler, 2010).
Most failed countries are hospitable to terrorist groups and cruel warlords(Rotberg, 2002). This is because the prevalent governments in such countries are often illegitimate, at least from the international perspective. Most people and security systems in failed states are in conflict and the legal machinery do not take necessary note on terrorism (Rotberg, 2002) Pakistan, for instance, has been cited as a terrorist hotbed, since the security systems in the country are largely not adequately functional (Bellamy, 2008). According to many scholars and analysts, failed states are breed sites for terrorism. Thus, the presence of frail measures to curb transnational insecurity can be termed as an acute challenge to traditional security concerns in the world (Bellamy, 2008). Several security analysts have commented that the Pacific Islands are greatly preferred by terrorist groups since there are constant civil conflicts (Firth, S. 2008). Therefore, the state institutions in such failed countries do not pay much attention to crime occurrences.
International crime is also a notable challenge to traditional security concerns. Most transnational criminal groups have formed strongholds in the failed states (Wyler, 2010). Illicit trading such as money laundering, drug trafficking and arms smuggling is the order of the day in some failed countries. This has been attributed to the high levels of corruption and legislative failures in these countries. The national interest aspects are overlooked in failed countries, and transnational criminal activities are bound to take place under such conditions. According to the U.S Interagency Working Group, cases of international crimes are rampant in the failed states, such as the Balkans, Sub-Saharan Africa and also the Central Asian countries (Wyler, 2010). The transitional crime groups which perpetrate international security threats have diverse networks, whose operational offices are mainly located in failed states( Shahar, 2007). Thus, corruption and unmonitored state operations can lead to encourage transnational insecurity, thus challenging the traditional security concerns.
Peace and stability has been affected by resource wars in the world. Failed states which are well endowed with natural resources lack the proper resource management strategies, a factor that leads to insecurity ( Mittelman, 2010). Many criminal groups have used the advantage of weak economic and political policies in failed resources to exploit natural resources. The proceeds from this illegal trading are used to stage wars and arm...

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