Timeline of Art
The thread which joins all the isms in the twentieth century are its
slow evolution from one period to another. As artists from one concepts
were exploring a certain idea that led to another either just for the sake
of the curiosity or by sheer boredom. Therefore my paper deals with the
evolution of different isms in this century. Fauvism:
From 1904-7, for a very brief period, a few Paris painters evolved a
style of painting that earned the name Les Fauves (wild beasts). Henri
Matisse, Andre Derain and Maurice Vlaminck were the major contributors to
this style of painting which gained popularity due to its apparent freedom
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A cubist painter, to achieve a greater understanding, walked
about the subject, observing it from significant various angles and
recording them as his impressions of form. But this procedure led to
actual destruction of form and its reduction to a series of decorative
elements. Negro art and sculpture had a profound effect and it was quite
extensively used by Picasso. Negro sculpture approved his subject in a
more conceptual way than a naturalistic depiction, mostly by a western view.
This resulted in forms that were more abstract and stylized and in a sense
more symbolic. Picasso held the view that it was art that held the key to
the young twentieth century painters to liberate themselves and was more
representational and anti-naturalistic. The rational, geometric breakdown
of the human head and body provided Picasso re-appraisal of his subjects.
This style gave birth to the next phase of development, known as synthetic
Cubism. Georges Barque was major contributor to this style, in which he
joined bits of real wallpaper, playing cards, tobacco package labels and
other materials. These were selected not to form impact but for decorative
and compositional-making. In this form, the Cubists were more concerned
with textural and decorative values. Cubism was an art of experiment which
stripped bare the mechanics of pictorial creation and destroyed the
artificial barriers between abstraction and representation. It still
remains the pivotal movement in the art of the first half of this century.
Since the World War II the paintings' movement had gathered
considerable momentum. The political realities of the time- from 1943 to
early 1950s- the War, the Holocaust in Europe, the apparent threat of the
world destruction by atomic bomb, the conservative reaction of McCarthyism
in United States and even intensified hurly burly of city life-resulted in
a movement called Abstract Expressionism. Abstract Expressionism combined
two tendencies already evident in the twentieth century; the drive to
create totally abstract works and express emotion through the use of
brilliant colors. The leading figure of this new painting style was
Jackson Pollock, who produced his large works by dribbling strands of paint
on the canvas, involving his whole body in the activity and creating
sensations of sparkling energy and movement. The term "Action Painting"
was coined to describe how Pollock worked. Pollock felt, he could become
emotionally involved with his work and through it communicate his emotions
to the viewer. A more violent and intense form of Action Painting was
devised by Willem de Kooning from whose seeming destruction of form
gradually emerged a bodily image.
During the fifties, older and younger artists alike were affected by
the trend towards discarding all standards of form. Mark Rothko developed a
uniquely personal, reserved, almost mystical mode of painting in...