This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Three Major Empires Essay

1399 words - 6 pages

The Three Major Empires

The first empires began in Mesopotamia, the Nile valley, and the Yellow River valley. Empires often are not created. In some cases empires are formed then a transition from one ruler to another over the same region is made. For example the Persian Empire came from the conquering and incorporation of the Egyptian, Medes, Babylonian, and Lydian kingdoms that made up western Asia. Then the Persians were defeated by the Greeks under Alexander the Great, taking western Asia and extending Hellenistic culture as far east as India.
What is an Empire? The definition of an empire is the extension of political rule by one people over another, different peoples. The ...view middle of the document...

C.E they were conquered by the Romans in the “Latin wars.” In 340 B.C.E Campania attempted to annul their affiliation to Rome they were subdued by Roman forces.
In less than a century the Romans dominated the northern part of the Italian Peninsula by conquering the Etuscans, Samnites, Gauls, and Umbrians. The Romans then turned to the south and faced Pyrrus of Epirus. He won a few early, costly victories, Pyrric victories, but was eventually overcome by the Romans. The Romans also expelled the Greeks from the peninsula. In 264 B.C.E Pyrruhus’ troops withdrew and Rome, either threw alliance or conquest, controlled everything south of the Po valley.
After gaining control over most of the Italian peninsula Rome turned set out to conquer Carthage, it’s arch-rival across the Mediterranean in Africa, in a and the rest of the Western Mediterranean.
Rome engaged Carthage in the Punic Wars. Due to advancement in Roman naval technology the first Punic war ended in victory for the Romans in 241 B.C.E. In 227 B.C.E Rome annexed Sardinia and Corsica. Taking advantage of mutiny by Carthaginian troops. The second Punic War begun when the Romans where defeated by Hannibal and the Carthaginians defeated the Romans at the Spanish city of Saguntum in 219 B.C.E. The Second Punic war was well fought by both sides. But, the Romans won the twenty-year struggle. In the third Punic war the Romans sacked Carthage. With the most formidable adversary out of the way the Romans went on to conquer Southwestern Europe, Greece, Northwestern Europe and Britain. Rome did not always use warfare to conquer other peoples they sometimes would extend a limited citizenship to their others and incorporated men from conquered lands into their armies. Eventually the Roman army was not even Roman. The men who made up their armies where professional soldiers not from Rome.
The period between 481 B.C.E and 221 B.C.E in Chinese history are known as the Warring States period. It is called this because after the Zhou dynasty weekend, the powerful, independent states of the North China plain often fought among each other. In 221 B.C.E the Qin dynasty conquered the other states and created the first Chinese Empire. After the Qin the Han dynasty ruled China they spread imperial control far to the south and to the west deep into central Asia along the Silk Road. The Boarders they established have lasted to the present day. They often succeeded in converting the people on the boarders to the Chinese culture but sometimes met resistance.
By 2 C.E the second census showed that the total population dropped from 58 million to 48 million, however the regional distribution shifted from76 percent in north and 24 percent in the south, to 54 percent and 46 percent. Natural turbulence and pressure from the Xiongnu and the Tibetans caused the drop in population and may have caused the distribution. The Sue-Tang dynasties expanded even deeper into central Asia.
...

Other Papers Like The Three Major Empires

Great Muslim Empires Essay

522 words - 3 pages Historians agree that the three greatest Muslim Empires had to be the Ottoman, Persian, and Indian. All three of these shared some common aspects, and also had many differences. For instance, they were all founded by the descendents of Turkish and Mongol horsemen. Also, all of their political and economic systems had common qualities, but also contained many differences. The Ottoman Empire, like the other two Muslim empires, had

Major Developments and Changes in the Mali Empire, Song Dynasty, and Chimu Empire

968 words - 4 pages HST 111 Midterm Essay Major Developments and Changes in the Mali Empire, Song Dynasty, and Chimu Empire I chose option c. from the three choices given in the midterm essay instructions. Compare and contrast three major Empires/Cultures from three different regions (Choose at least one empire from Sub – Saharan Africa or the Americas) of the world and focus on political and economic factors. What were some of

Role of Islam in the Ottoman Empire

1149 words - 5 pages acceptance of other religions and ethnicities in the late 17th century, when Mughal India became one of the major overseas destinations for European travelers. Despite the mounting evidence showing that the empires were very tolerant of the minority groups residing in them, there is still some evidence that they did not entirely accept other religions and ethnicities. In some ways Muslims still saw themselves as a more superior entity compared to

Capitalism

1015 words - 5 pages part in moving the taxes that sustained vast, powerful empires. The empires emerged in the fertile plains of the Ganges and the Indus, and lived on land taxes. The ruling classes understood the value of the seaboard, but could not easily take control of that zone. Roads connecting inland empire’s to the coast were few, and road-building was costly because of the uplands, forests, and numerous rivers. A major turning point in this history was the

Emergency Officer

1174 words - 5 pages underdevelopment of third world 5) It is the integration with the world capitalist economy that makes these countries poor. 6) Marxist theory can help us to understand this process of underdevelopment Here, three theories are introduced under theories of underdevelopment. Dependency theory (Gunder Frank) 1966 The most interesting aspect of this theory is that it is a view from the periphery. Major argument of dependency theory Underdevelopment is

Imperialist Powers

1574 words - 7 pages Service in 1901, supposedly ‘controlling’ a population of around three hundred million (Unit 3, p. 98). The dominance was thus not limited to the military field but became a ‘state of mind’ in which European empires asserted their own superiority, imposing their ‘system of knowledge’ to colonised territories, which were then unable to assert their own identities and had to play the roles assigned to them by European culture (Unit 3, p. 98). Another

Life, Liberty and Fraternity

538 words - 3 pages “Life, liberty, and fraternity,” was the quote of the French Revolution. In the late 18th century, France underwent social, economic, and political problems. These problems led to the French Revolution. A revolution is an important period in history where there is a major change in political, social, and/or economic areas. There have been many throughout history, whether it is violent or non-violent. These revolutions have had complex

Trace How Carthage Became Almost The Equal Of Rome

1029 words - 5 pages Trace how Carthage became almost the equal of Rome Introduction In the light of the history of great Ancient empires, we should consider the rise of conflict between two prominent powers of the Ancient World. On the one side stood the powerful force of western Mediterranean lead by Carthage, while on the other one was the ruler of Italian Peninsula - the Rome. In following discussion, we are going to overview prerequisites of Carthage

Briefly Outline And Describe The World System Theory. In Your Opinion Is This Globalisation?

2047 words - 9 pages Analysis of the world system theory originated in the 1970s, and while some thoughts and ideas have been in use for a long time, others are quite new. The most famous description of the world system theory is probably that of Immanuel Wallerstein. According to Wallerstein, the world system can be defined 'quite simply as a unit with a single division of labour and multiple cultural systems'. Three main instances stand out: mini-systems, world

Western Domination

1414 words - 6 pages their own military using western ideas, the unconquered empires could compete and fight against imperialists. The western imperialists continued to conquer and influence regions which were considered minorities of the world throughout the 19th century. Their influence often impacted the native country’s economy, industrialization, culture, politics, trade and other major social aspects of society. The English East India company trade with China

Comparing Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamian Societies

648 words - 3 pages Matthew Smith Dr. Schaffer HIST 10A TTh September 15, 2010 Comparing Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamian Societies Although the Egyptian and Mesopotamian societies were thriving at approximately the same time period, between c.3000 BC and c.500 BC, there were numerous differences in the cultures of the two empires including religion, their class systems, and the roles of their kings. Religion, class systems, and kings played a vast role

Related Essays

Influences On America To Enter World War I: Three Of The Major Events And Reasons That Influenced America To Go To War

894 words - 4 pages entrance onto the field of battle was inevitable. Three of the several reasons that the U.S. did enter the war are: Germany's naval policy (unrestricted submarine warfare), American economic interests, and propaganda from the Allied powers.The major reason that war was declared on Germany in 1917 was its naval policy. Germany perfected the submarine, or U-boat, and developed it into the one of the most lethal and decisive weapons in the Great War

Explain The Role Of Theories In Understanding Child Development, Describe The Three Basic Issues On Which Major Theories Take A Stand, And Explain The Concepts Of Plasticity And Stability In...

5909 words - 24 pages Week 7 Week 8 SCHAUMBURG COMMUNITY CHURCH THROUGH THE BIBLE IN ONE YEAR Passages 1st Passage 2nd Passage (Old Testament) (New Testament) Genesis 1:1-2:25 Luke 5:27-39 Genesis 3-5 Luke 6:1-26 Genesis 6:1-7:24 Luke 6:27-49 Genesis 8-10 Luke 7:1-17 Genesis 11 Luke 7:18-5 Genesis 12 Luke 8:1-25 Genesis 13:1-14:24 Luke 8:26-56 Genesis 15 Luke 9:1-27 Genesis 16 Luke 9:28-62 Genesis 17 Luke 10:1-20 Genesis 18 Luke 10:21

Given The Relative Weakness Of The 16th Century Europe, How Do We Account For The Fact That European Nations Came To Dominate Most Of The World By The End Of The 19th Century?

1181 words - 5 pages new settlements and viable trade routes, the Chinese empire lead an expedition of a massive scale larger than ever known earlier than that time with a different motive. Such expeditions imply these major empires could be suitable candidates for world domination. However, they became insignificant in the world politics arena due to internal declines and isolation. Strong and impregnable as they seem, these great empires had their weaknesses and

Ottoman Vs. Spanish Empire Essay

788 words - 4 pages During the time period from 1450 to 1800, two powerful empires were in the process of being built. These two empires were the Ottoman Empire and the Spanish Empire. During the building process of their empires, the Ottoman and the Spanish both developed many similarities in their political, social, and economic affairs. A similarity between these empires was that they both had some type of slave system. Even though they did have some things in