The Stigma Of Mental Illness And Its Effects

2567 words - 11 pages

The Stigma of Mental Illness and its Effects
It appears that negative views of mental illness are common with in the public. According to Overton & Medina people suffering from mental illness are often portrayed as weird, defensive, and sometimes hard to talk to. According to Merriam-Webster Dictionary (1990), mental illness is defined as, “mentally distorted, mad, or crazy” (Russel, 1990). Generally, concepts about mental illness tend to be subjective, leading to difficulties in defining mental illness. Johnstone (2001) gives a broader definition of mental illness, believing that mental illness relates to the individuals spectrum of cognitions, emotions, and behaviors that damper ...view middle of the document...

Goffman’s concepts of stigmatized people forms a virtual social identity after being labeled as disfavored and then become outcasts how does a theory form a social identity? (Overton & Medina, 2008). Social identity theory is Delete: a theory based on the perception of an individual’s behaviors based on societal norms. The next next for what? theory is self-stigma and refers to, an individual that internalize cultural norms and identify themselves as unfit. The third third theory for what? theory refers to structural stigma, which explores stigma within a culture and how it works as a system. Theories about stigma formulate based on the stigma process . This process what process? involves a chronological sequence that consists of: (a) the recognition of cues that a person has a mental illness, (b) activation of stereotypes, and (c) prejudice or discrimination against that person (Corrigan P. , 2004). Delete the “P”
Overton & Medina (2008) found that after being labeled mentally ill, it is more likely they will be underemployed and earn less than people with the same mental illness, but who have not been identified as having them (Overton & Medina, 2008). Overton & Medina (2008) states that in different cultures it is normal for others to perceive people with mental illness, as dangerous and violent, which leads to prejudice against people with mental illnesses (2008) delete year. Examples of ways in which structural stigma impacts people with mental illness are as follows, structural stigma makes employment opportunities slim, limitations on finding adequate shelter, barriers to obtaining treatments services, including negative attitudes of mental health professionals, and the role of the media in perpetuating the negative image of people with mental illness(2008) this is a collection of sentence fragments all using different tenses, also, you have the year with no author. Who is the subject? Do not use progressive tense. Entering into treatment can also be a barrier to services. Less that 30% of people with mental health diagnosis actually seek treatment, and approximately 40% of people who had a serious diagnosis and who attempted to get treatment, failed to obtain treatment (Martin, Pescosolida, & Tuch, 2000)(2008).
To foster change Corrigan & Penn (1991), Overton & Medina (2008) suggest three areas of involvement, (a) protest, (b) education, (c) contact. Protest is defined as a complaint or an objective (Merriam-Webster Dictionary, 1990, p. 418). However, protest, may be promoting these stereotypes what?? (Corrigan & Penn, 1999) (2008). Education is used to counteract the myths of mental illness, but Couture and Penn (2003) found that education in what way, of whom? changes attitudes, but has little effect on behavior (Overton & Medina, 2008). Overton & Medina conclude that more research is needed to study changes they have suggested, and that the mental health professionals need to address the issue of stigma within social...

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