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The Statue Of Liberty Essay

2234 words - 9 pages

AMERICAN STUDIES

THE STATUE OF LIBERTY

Statue of Liberty

When someone is asked to pick a symbol for the freedom of America, probably one of the most common responses will be "The Statue of Liberty". Although almost every American citizen knows this monument, very little understand where it came from and why it was made. When asked who invented it, what year it was made, for what purpose, most people will stare at you and shrug their shoulders. Today Americans refer to the statue as "Lady Liberty" or the "Statue of Liberty". The statue's birth name was given by Frederick Auguste Bartholdi and is "La liberte e'clairant le monde" or "Liberty Enlightening the World". The statue ...view middle of the document...

The sculptor Frederic Auguste Bartholdi, born in Alsace, France, asked to build the statue. Bartholdi created many monumental sculptures but his most famous work was the Statue of Liberty. He wanted to make a lighthouse like a "torch-bearing woman". The model for the Statue of Liberty's face was the sculptor Bartholdi's mother. The architect of the pedestal was Richard Morris Hunt in 1877. The Lime of Cement for the pedestal was from Widow Jane Mine in New York and the structural engineer was Gustave Eiffel. The statue was constructed of copper sheets that were made by framework of steel supports made by Violiet-le-Duc and Alexandre-Gustave Eiffel. There was no government aid involved only thousands of Frenchmen. France had public fees, entertainment, and lotteries to raise funds to donate privately to pay for the statue. The United States had benefit theatrical events, art exhibitions, and prize fights to raise money. The U.S. paid to construct the pedestal on Bedloe's Island by using ads in the New York World. However the fund raisings went very slow so Joseph Pulitzer opened the editorial pages of his newspaper, "The World”. Pulitzer used the newspaper to criticize the rich that would give up their money and the middle class to depend on the higher class to pay for the funds. His plan worked and Americans started donating more money to build the pedestal. The United States used one hundred thousand nickels and dimes to build the pedestal. The costs of the statue construction in September 1986 was seventy-five million dollars. Bartholdi made the statue in more than a decade and it was all copper. The statue was completed in 1885 and it weighed two hundred and twenty-five tons when it was shipped to the United States. "Streamed the people; convergent rivers of life hurrying and sweeping through a thousand channels to the path of the pageant" quoted the New York Times in the celebration of the Statue of Liberty. In June 1885, the transport ship was French frigate “Isere”. While in Paris, the statue had to be taken apart to be shipped to New York. The number of pieces when the statue was taken apart was three hundred and fifty shipped to the U.S. and two hundred and fourteen crates were required. The statue was placed on a granite pedestal from Leete's Island in Connecticut, inside of the courtyard of a "star-shaped wall" of Fort Wood. The statue's operation was under control of the United States Lighthouse Board until 1901. After that the statue was under the War Department. The Presidential Proclamation declared Fort Wood and the Statue of Liberty a National Monument on October 15, 1924. On May 11, 1965, Ellis Island became part of the National Monument along with the statue. It was presented to America by the people of France on July 4, 1884. The statue is on Liberty Island, formerly Bedloe's island and Fort Wood was fortress for protection of New York Harbor in 1811. After being shipped to the U.S., it went to New York Harbor on October 28,...

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