This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Significance Of The Reforms Of Lycurgus To Spartan Society

1579 words - 7 pages

History assessment draft
Lycurgus has been interpreted to be a man, god, or figment of historical authors' imagination. Although his personal existence is in question it is believed that he left a collection of reforms to improve Spartan society. These reforms – which he allegedly collected from an oracle at the shrine of Apollo at Delphi – have made a significant blue print of the conception of what Spartan society was. Although, as we look at the evidence we begin to see that these reforms were not as significant as the ancient historians has led us to believe. What the evidence actually shows is a Spartan society that had culture and commerce, which shows that the reforms where a change ...view middle of the document...

This again challenges the significant impact that this reform had due to there being an imbalance of equality. Thucydides is partially reliable as he is a primary source. He wrote in the time of the Peloponnesian war and was a general in the Athenian army. This means that his accounts are first hand; the only problem with him as a source is his bias. Being an Athenian at the time of the Peloponnesian wars means he was subject to a negative bias due the fact that the war was Athens against Sparta. Although his statements of Sparta are bias the source I have chosen is useful due to its objective statement of ‘the rich’, which outlines the fact that there was inequality in Sparta.
In relation to wealth within Spartan society, Lycurgus had declared a reform that the Spartans were not to participate in the economy and that foreign exchange was not allowed. However, the evidence shows us that Spartans did participate in the economy and did allow foreign exchange at points in time but there is a slow decline of economic activity. This challenges the significance of the reform and shows that it was not a revolutionary event. The Spartans were renowned for there pottery and there is archaeological evidence that the Spartan citizens themselves where craftsmen and could have produced these pots.

As said by Brian Brennan there is evidence of potteries in the Kynosoura and Mesoa quarters of the town. A kiln was discovered by Chr. Christou in the Mesoa quarter of the city and has been dated around 600 BC. This kiln is evidence of the Spartans actively participating in craftsmanship. It is alleged that the periokoi were to make these pots but the word means “the dwellers around” therefore a kiln would not be placed within the city walls if the periokoi were to be the craftsmen of the pots. The source of the Kiln is reliable as Chr. Christou is a well-known archaeologist and is mentioned both by Paul cartledge for is excavation and Brian Brenan this making his finding of the kiln a reliable source. The usefulness of this source is great due to the evidence it gives us of Spartan Craftsmanship
Having evidence of craftsmanship of the Spartans Lycurgus’s reforms is challenged and is not as significant as praised by the ancient writers. Lycurgus put a ban on foreign trade as it was seen as corrupt to the Spartan society. Although as stated by j Fine the Spartans did in fact allow foreign trade.
“Excavations at Sparta, supplemented by literary references, have revealed that in these generations ivory, scarabs from Egypt, amber from the north, and luxurious dresses and gold from Lydia were imported.” (Fine, J (1983), The ancient Greeks)
This source is reliable as John V. A. Fine was Emeritus Professor of Classics at Princeton University. Fine is qualified and has completed a prestigious, specialised education in America. He is qualified to make sound judgements and has stated infallible evidence in his findings.
Fine’s statement also supports the ideas of...

Other Papers Like The Significance of the Reforms of Lycurgus to Spartan Society

The Spartan Warriors Essay

2749 words - 11 pages for its festivals of song and dance as well. Other types of craftsmanship included wood, metalworking, weaver, and leather. The Spartan culture would soon end due to a change in the social structure that forced the city-state to form different classes within its society.      Sparta was one of the most powerful city-states in Greece and in order to increase a food supply, the Spartans turned to their bordering country Messenia. In the eighth

The Spartan Dog Essay

590 words - 3 pages The Spartan Dog Once upon a time, a long time ago, there was an ancient city named Sparta. Sparta was located on the coast of Asia, across the sea from the Roman city-state of Troy. In those days, people used to build walls around their city to help protect them. Some walls were only a few feet high. Others as much as twenty feet high! The people built gates in the wall. The gates could be opened to let people inside the city. In times of war

The Significance of the Handkerchief in Othello

1089 words - 5 pages itself that Iago chooses to use against Othello and Desdemona’s relationship. It exposes the fact that no matter how much Othello professes to love Desdemona, it is he who is socially superior to her and can choose to kill her in cold blood if he wishes to punish her for her supposed infidelity. The handkerchief thus becomes a token of the patriarchal society. As Harold Bloom writes in Modern Critical Interpretations: Othello, jealousy in

Assess the Contribution of Functiponalism to Society

843 words - 4 pages India Evans Assess the contribution of functionalism to an understanding of society. The two main broad perspectives that explain crime and deviance are Marxism and Functionalism. The theory of society known as functionalism is the ‘agreement’ that is supposedly meant to organise our lives - this is called a consensus. We have an idea of how to behave appropriately in many situations and we can predict accurately how others will act

Significance of Slave Revolts in the South

1203 words - 5 pages were largely obscured and oppressed by the southern mans’ depiction of slaves to be docile and his lack of communicating the actual carnage of a slave insurrections. The author’s thesis is, “The romantic portrayal of ante-bellum society on the southern plantation, which depicts the rollicking black against a kindly patriarchal background, has tended to obscure the large element of slave unrest, which occasionally shook the whole fabric of a

Provocative Words: the Significance of Rhetoric

1894 words - 8 pages Provocative Words People often take for granted the power that words can yield. Many people believe that we simply use words to communicate and to express thoughts and ideas. Is this an accurate estimation, or do words hold a greater significance? How often do we reflect on the gravity that our words carry? How often are we influenced by the words of others? How often do we make decisions based on what other people say? The use of words can

The Significance Of Biology In Sexual Preference

1321 words - 6 pages organs, sex is easily determined at birth: male or female. Gender, however, is the sexual identity an individual takes on. It is possible for sex and gender to be different.There are pros and cons to each side of the argument. For example, an argument in favor of Nurture says there have been children who were either born with an injured or damaged reproductive organ, usually males, and raised successfully as females. In favor of the biological

The Global Significance of the Pattern of Hiv/Aids

716 words - 3 pages What is the global significance of the pattern of HIV/AIDS? What is the pattern of HIV/AIDS and what does it mean for this planet that we all live on? First and foremost, HIV/AIDS is a disease of the developing world, this is where more than 90 percent of people with HIV/AIDS live. It used to affect mainly men but now women make up up nearly half of HIV/AIDS victims. It used to be a disease affecting adults but rising rates of HIV/AIDS

Economic Reforms Of Uzbekistan

4378 words - 18 pages Running Header : UZBEKISTAN ECONOMIC REFORMS OF UZBEKISTAN Aditya N. Syafruddin Abraham Ayii Mike Latham Loraynne Wilmer WILMINGTON UNIVERSITY OVERVIEW Located in the heart of Central Asia, Uzbekistan is poised to become an economic hub connecting Europe, Western Chine, the Middle East, South and Southeast Asia. It is a major producer and exporter of natural gas and has sizable reserves of petroleum, coal, and various metallic

The Shadow Lines- the Significance of the Title

2998 words - 12 pages The Shadow Lines – Significance of the title The novel ‘The Shadow Lines’ by Amitav Ghosh centers around a young boy, the narrator, whose growth in age and maturity is traced slowly through his understanding of the memories that connect him and his family members. Through the book, we watch him move backwards and forwards in time as bits and pieces of stories, both half-remembered and imagined, come together in his mind until he

The McDonaldization Of Society

902 words - 4 pages The McDonaldization of Society The McDonaldization of society may sound somewhat misleading but the term actually refers to the rationalization of society. The use of the word "McDonaldization" just simply indicates that the fast food restaurant is one of many great examples of rationality. Ritzer discusses five dimensions that characterize rationality or a rationalized society: efficiency, predictability, calculability

Related Essays

The Significance Of Teachers Essay

1930 words - 8 pages tomorrow's leaders will be molded either artistically or grotesquely by what I do. Several future presidents are learning from me today; so are the great writers of the next decades, and so are all the so-called ordinary people who will make the decisions in a democracy. I must never forget these same young people could be the thieves or murderers of the future. Only a teacher? Thank God I have a calling to the greatest profession of all! I

Russian Reforms Of The 1800's Essay

775 words - 4 pages 1800's in Russia would have been the change in how the justice system operated. A judicial system has vast control over many aspects of Russia day to day operations. Before the reforms, judges were chosen by the government. Usually they were people from higher society and did not embody the true representation of Russia to fairly govern. There was a separate body of people called the secret police who would torture witnesses into saying whatever

Discuss The Role Played By Spartan Women In Their Society

2902 words - 12 pages Discuss the role played by Spartan Women in their society The role of women is one of the most controversial issues in existence. During the 20th century mankind has seen the role of women changing from one of “nesting mothers” as was the case in Nazi Germany to one of the most influential parts of society today. In ancient Greece the predominant role of women was to revolve around house duties and to be beautiful objects. However this

What Was The Short Term Significance Of The Purges On Russian Government And Society

962 words - 4 pages What was the short term significance of the purges on Russian government and society? The Great terror of the USSR impacted its people greatly. For some, although very few, this impact was good. However, for the majority it was a time of despair, poverty and constantly looking over your shoulder. Primary Material has been used to access the short term impact of the purges on society, the government/communist party as well as the military