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The Self Paper

1277 words - 6 pages

The Self Paper
Kimberly Kline
Psych/555
January 20, 2014
Tracy Masiello

The Self Paper
This paper will define the concept of self, and explain how an individual develops a self-concept. It will explain the relationship between the self and emotion and how this relationship affects an individual’s self-esteem. It will also explain the relationship between the self and behavior and how this relationship affects an individual’s self-presentation.
The Concept of Self
Self- concept is the knowledge and beliefs people have about themselves. According to Fiske, (2010) self-concept is broken down into conceptual self and operational self. ...view middle of the document...

Daryl Bam developed the self-perception theory. His theory suggests that internal states are implications resulting from observations of how a person behaves. Self- perception is important to self- knowledge because it offer an explanation of how one develops their own self- knowledge. Self -perception also acts as a foil to the cognitive dissonance theory which is the theory of how people behavior shapes self-knowledge (Jopling, 2000). When people have an understanding of their own self-knowledge it set a good basis for which people use to form their values, preferences and attitudes (Fiske, 2010).
Introspection deals with people gaining a sense of their inner most thoughts and feelings (Diaz, 2011). In introspection people will consider their own inner experiences before considering their behavior. This helps people to identify their attitudes which may or may not be coincide with their actions or behaviors. People tend to believe that what they think about and how they feel is more revealing to other then their behaviors (Diaz, 2011).
Social comparison is when people compare themselves with other people in order to institute growth within them. It also helps people to obtain self-knowledge when they are observing other people. This means that we often time compare ourselves to other people to determine how we measure up with our economic status, our intelligence, and our emotional stability (Diaz, 2011).
Social feedback is also significant when talking about self-knowledge. It refers to decisions people make about themselves from the reaction they get from others. A person's self-concept can have an effect on by both actual and perceived appraisals; how people think they are viewed by others (Fiske, 2010)
Relationships Between the self and Emotion and how this Relationship affects an Individual Self-esteem
The relationship between self and emotion and how it affects an individual self-esteem is how people perceive themselves weather negative or positive. The concept self- esteem measures how people feel about themselves during self- evaluations and how they respond to their successes and the outcome of their successes (Fiske, 2010).
The relationship between self-concept and self-esteem can be looked at in relations to three psychological theories: self-discrepancy theory, self-evaluation maintenance theory, and affective forecasting theory (Diaz, 2011). The self-discrepancy theory is the theory that deals with the actual self, which is who the person currently is, the ought self is who the person feels they can become and the ideal self is the person the individual wants to become. The self-evaluation maintenance theory deals with the relationship between how people perform along with the performance of other people in area of high importance. Meaning if one individual score higher in self- importance issues this may decrease ones self-esteem (Diaz, 2011). The affective forecasting theory looks at the way people will...

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