The Rough Road of Domestic Violence
Karen L. Silverio
PSY 325 Statistics for the Behavioral & Social Sciences
1 December 2012
I chose to focus on the factors that impact domestic violence for my final paper because in my career, I have seen the rate of domestic violence increase. I have always known about it, but never really took the time out to actually research what the causes were. By choosing this topic, I hope that not only will I be able to educated myself a little more, but maybe help save someone’s life by helping them remove themselves out of a domestic violence situation. Domestic violence can affect anyone, regardless of income, ...view middle of the document...
“The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and types of domestic violence during pregnancy, factors affecting it, women's thoughts about violence, and relation between social status of women and domestic violence. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 253 pregnant women, using cluster and simple random sampling methods.
Chi-square test and logistic regression analysis methods were used to analyze the data. Women who indicated that they have been exposed to violence at some point of their lives were 24.1% and who indicated that violence continued while they were pregnant were 11.1%. Physical violence was the most common type of violence reported (18.2%). It was found that women who had primary school or lower level of education and who made unwanted marriage suffered from more violence during pregnancy. It can be said that violence against pregnant women is still a social problem” (Arslantas, 2012, pg. 1, para. 1).
It should also be noted that for some women, their very pregnancy may itself be a form of abuse: a pregnancy conceived through sexual assault, marital rape, or from the woman's inability to negotiate contraceptive use. In some cases, women whose pregnancy is unintended or unwanted are four times more likely to suffer increased abuse. In abusive relationships, women and young girls are often forbidden to use contraceptives. Often used as a form of coercion and control, this type of dominance may even be an abusive partner's way to commit the woman to the relationship through pregnancy. Just as an abuser may control a woman's decision to continue her pregnancy, he or she may intimidate a woman into having an abortion. Some abused women may choose to have abortions out of fear.
The second study that I found was based on domestic violence against adult and adolescent females in a rural area of West Bengal. The question being proposed is as follows: Is domestic violence against females common across culture, religion, class and ethnicity? “A cross-sectional observational study was undertaken by interviewing 141 adult and adolescent females residing in a village of West Bengal, with the help of a pre-designed and pre-tested questionnaire. Data were analyzed statistically by simple proportions and tests of significance (Chi-square test). Out of 141 respondents, 33 (23.4%) adult and adolescent females in this village were exposed to domestic violence in the past year.
Among the demographic characteristics, statistically significant maximum prevalence was observed among 30-39 years age group, illiterate and unmarried females. For most of the females who were exposed to domestic violence, their husbands acted as the perpetrators (72.73%) and they reported slapping as the specific act of physical assault (72.73%). Majority of the respondents reported that opportunity of education (31.9%), being economically productive (31.9%) and better family income (23.4%) would help them to overcome the...