The Roman Republic Essay

967 words - 4 pages

The Roman Republic began approximately around 509 B.C. when the nobles drove the King and his family out of Rome. This monumental incident helped shape the start to the transformation of the monarchy into a republican governmental system. This is known to have begun by that of the Roman nobles trying to hold their power that they had gained. The Republic was “[a] city-state [which] was the foundation of Greek society in the Hellenic Age; in the Hellenistic Age, Greek cities became subordinate to kingdoms, larder political units ruled by autocratic monarchs” (Perry 105)
This new Republican government, which was administered by the consuls, was not the easiest to transform. Because of the ...view middle of the document...

The Republic was victorious in battle and continued to grow through conquests; according to Polybius, “the Roman army was basically a citizen army led by the Republic's elected magistrates was one of the reasons that the Romans were so successful militarily” (Spielvogel 125). Many of the conquests were written by the author Livy, who provided details about the victories of Rome and would use these works to teach the future rulers and military leaders how to succeed and continue to flourish.
The Roman army is considered one of the greatest in history because of “[t]he discipline and dedication of the citizen-soldiers [which] help explain Rome’s success in conquering a world empire (Perry 106). Shortly into the reformation, Rome came to the decision to increase their military because they were put into jeopardy. Unknowing at the time, this choice would ultimately lead to the defeat of the Italian Peninsula. Latins and many others sustained citizenship because of the creations of the Roman Confederation, which also granted them practice to freedom and local affairs. Due to their intelligent decision making, “Once at war, the Romans were not only good soldiers but also persistent ones” (Spielvogel 118) leading to their victorious expansion.

The magnificent army mainly recruited ordinary citizens that included small land owners who would only enlist for up to a year. “The Roman army consisted of four legions, each made up of 4,000 to 5,000 men; each legion had about 300 cavalry and the rest infantry” (Spielvogel 125). The Punic Wars were quite helpful in expanding the period of service and increasing the legions to over 25. “The First Punic War was a grueling conflict; drawing manpower from its loyal allies, Rome finally prevailed (Perry 108). Drastic changes continued after the Punic Wars into the first century with Marius and his monumental military reforms.
An army was sent to Sicily when Rome came to the decision to intercede between two Sicilian cities, similar to...

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