Dress of Rome | |
|[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |
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|Toga |Stola and Palla |Stola and Palla |Priest's Toga |The Pallium Cloak |
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Roman clothing owed much to that of ancient Greece, but it had distinct forms of its own.
In all the ancient world, first and ...view middle of the document...
|Cold weather would likely see Romans wear two or three tunics to keep warm. In that case the | |
|tunics nearest the body, functioning as a vest, would be the subucula. The next layer would be the| |
|intusium or supparus. Emperor Augustus, who was of a rather frail constitution, was known to wear | |
|as many as four tunics in winter. | |
|There was some formal differences in tunics which denoted social rank. | |
|A purple stripe worn on the tunic was called a clavus and indicated membership to a particular | |
|order: | |
|- the latus clavus (or laticlavium) denoted senators. | |
|- the angustus clavus was the mark of the equestrian order. | |
So a senator could wear a tunic featuring a vertical broad purple stripe down the centre. An equestrian could wear a tunic featuring two vertical narrow purple stripes on either side of the tunic.
It is worth mentioning the tunica palmata which was a brightly coloured tunic embroidered with palm leaves and was worn by the triumphator during his triumph, or possibly by other dignitaries at other, very exceptional occasions.
The richest form of the long-sleeved tunic, the dalmatica, in many cases replaced the toga altogether in the later years of empire. In the very same age, due to the influence of Germanic soldiers dominating the ranks of the army, long, close-fitting trousers were widely worn.
|[pic] |The toga was allowed to be worn only by free Roman citizens. Foreigners, or even exiled |
| |citizens, could not appear in public wearing a toga. |
|Toga Praetexta |If in the early days the toga was worn directly on the naked body, then later a simple tunic was|
|For larger picture click on image|added, tied at the waist with a belt. |
|above |There were some old families with ancient ancestry who insisted on continuing the tradition of |
| |dressing without a tunic, but their fellow Romans understood them somewhat eccentric. |
| |Basically the toga was a large blanket, draped over the body, leaving one arm free. |
| |Through experiments historians have...