The Roman achievement. What are some of the more significant aspects of the Roman Achievement?
'The greatest empire the earth has ever known is more
than just a collection of facts and figures.
It represents both the glorious achievement and
at times contemptible behaviour of mankind.1'
Throughout this essay I will be assessing the Roman Achievement. Romans' have a significant influence on todays modern western society and around the globe. They are responsible for developing and evolving through a period of prosperity and wealth. This period is known as the Pax Romana. In a matter of just a few centuries , Rome had expanded from a small village in central Italy to the absolute ...view middle of the document...
For example indigenous characteristics blended within the Roman society to create hybrids like Roman-Celtic religion or Gallo-Roman sculpture. 'Rome promoted aspects of her culture to integrate the provinces and facilitate government with least effort3. The Romans conquered other towns and cities and tended to extend their knowledge to them and learn from their captives, in turn creating this huge mix of customs, religions, literature and even gods. Throughout this essay I will be focusing on the achievements of the Romans. In particular I will explore the rise of Christianity, their Government and Laws. Each of these areas have had huge effects on our western society and culture, two thousand years later. These aspects I feel are the more significant aspects of the Roman achievement. Although one can not forget all of the other aspects in which the romans had achieved such as a forceful and powerfull military which was the backbone of their rise to power.
Christianity began as a Jewish sect and changed its relationship with the Jewish community at a time when both groups were affected by later Hellenism. The first followers of Jesus inhabited a political system, the Roman empire. Pontius Pilate, a Roman governor and judge had Jesus killed for treason because the emperor was to be treated as a god. However it was in Jesus' death the religion grew slowly. In the first two centuries the Christians faced some opposition and were forced to keep their religion secretive. Under Emperor Diocletian(AD244-AD311), the persecutions of the Christians reached its peak. 'Roman official policy towards Christianity was negative and at some points simply being Christian could have been punishable death.4' The Romans may have been responsible for Jesus' death but ironically the Romans will also have a huge significant part to play in the spreading of the actual religion Christianity.
They spread Christianity throughout its vast empire , a standard version of a monotheistic religion that has survived to the present day. Word spread through disciples such as Paul. Christianity spread like wild fire through the highly connected system of roads and intermingled cultures of the western world. This road system which was created by the Romans would essentially paved the when for the spread of Christianity. Some early century emperors had growing concerns in relation to the monotheistic religion and felt it unacceptable to all the gods they paid homage to. They accused the Christians of being atheists and of incest and cannibalism. 'The monotheistic exclusiveness of the Christians was believed to alienate the goodwill of the gods, to endanger what the Romans called pax deorum5'. The 'peace of the gods' was very important to the Romans Such negativity towards the religion may have even caused more interest to this new religion by many of the poorer civilians. Evoking an interest could be the platform which saw more and more conversion.
Much later in...