The Role Vaccines Essay

959 words - 4 pages

What is a virus and how does it work?
Before you read about vaccines you should have a little bit of an informational back around of what the vaccine was invented for; and that can also be known as a virus. A virus is a small infectious agent that can reproduce only surrounded by the cells of other organisms. There an epic debate in the sicftic community on where they alive or not most believe they are not because are not made of cells, cannot reproduce on their own, do not grow or undergo division , do not transform energy , lack machinery for protein, synthesis are so small that they can only be seen with an electron microscope. Viruses are composed of nucleic acid, proteins and, in ...view middle of the document...

So basically, vaccines just expose people to germs in a safe way, so that they can become use to the disease without becoming sick from it.

What are some side effects of vaccines?
There is a very small chance of an allergic reaction with any vaccine. Serious problems associated with receiving vaccines are rare. Problems that do occur tend to be minor such as :
• fever
• redness or tenderness at the injection site
• swelling
• mild crankiness
• tiredness
• loss of appetite
• rarely seizures can occur

What are some of the Vaccines given to horse?
Rabies: recently approved for horses. It contains a killed virus to protect against this disease, which affects the central nervous system and results in death And is an annual vaccine only. Tetanus: an infectious disease that is caused by a toxin produced by the bacterium clostridium tetani, enters by wounds. The vaccination is a custom-made toxin that makes an immune response. The initial vaccination is followed by a second dose in four to six weeks. Eastern and western encephalomyelitis : this acute viral disease of rodents, birds, horses and man, is transmitted by the mosquito. The vaccine is a combination of killed viruses. Initial vaccination is followed by a second dose in two to three weeks or four to six weeks, depending on vaccine used. An annual re-vaccination is given thereafter. If vaccinated properly and at the correct time of year, the vaccine will protect your horse for the season. Rhinopneumonitis: this is a viral disease with three faces: respiratory disease, abortion, and a disease of the nervous system that can cause paralysis Pneumabort K-1B (for pregnant mares) :the vaccine is given at the fifth, seventh, and ninth months of pregnancy. In regard to abortion, Pneumabort K-1B is the only rhinopneumonitis vaccine with...

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