The Rise Of China Essay

1862 words - 8 pages

Is China the next world superpower?
The argument presented in this paper is the status of China as a world superpower. There are many different views in answer to this question. Research included articles by newspapers, magazines, writers, researcher groups, medical institutions and political figures. Many articles imply China’s attributes give credibility to consideration as a powerful nation.
An editorial by Investors Business Daily states that because of China’s high military spending an “unnamed” leading think tank feels they will achieve military parity in less than 25 years. (China, the next superpower? 2011) Unfortunately, military spending is the only basis given for attaining ...view middle of the document...

(Minxin Pei 2006)
Peoples Daily Online presented comments from Henry Kissinger on why China will not be the next superpower. Kissinger stated that “China needs to keep its political institutions in line with its economic development. It will not have time to concentrate on dominating the world because it will be too busy with this fundamental change.” (China will not be the next Superpower 2011)
To determine if China will be considered the next world superpower, a person must know what a superpower is. An unambiguous definition of a world superpower is unclear. For the purpose of this paper, the definition and elements as presented by Alice Lyman Miller will be used. According to Alice Lyman Miller, a research fellow at the Hoover Institution at Stanford University and an associate professor in National Security Affairs at the U.S. Naval Postgraduate School, “a superpower is a country that has the capacity to project dominating power and influence anywhere in the world, and sometimes, in more than one region of the globe at a time. There are four components of influence: military, economic, political, and cultural.” (Alice L. Miller 2005)
There are several reasons to believe China can rival the United States as a superpower. One important aspect to consider is country population. Much data is based upon the number of people in a country. When analyzing population, China is listed having the largest population in the world. (World population by continents 2010) It has approximately 13% more than India, which is listed second, and more than four times the population of the United States, which is listed third. (World population by continents 2010) China has almost ten times the population of Russia, which is listed as ninth, and more than twenty time that of the United Kingdom, which is listed as twenty-first in the world. (World population by continents 2010) China has a tremendous population, but more than a quarter of the population is illiterate. (Education and Literacy in China 2010)
In terms of military strength, Global Fire Power lists United States as first, Russia as second. Nuclear capability is not taken into consideration for Global Fire Power’s ranking. (Strength in numbers 2011) Their basis is a conventional war founded solely on each individual nation's capabilities on land, at sea and in the air. (Strength in numbers 2011) Russia has the largest nuclear weapon inventory with almost a third more than the United States, which is second. (Strength in numbers 2011) This is more than forty five times the nuclear inventory of China. (World Nuclear Stockpile Report 2011) China’s military might is not considered a world power yet.
One standard used to determine the economic indicator of a country is by the gross domestic product (GDP) of the country. In simple terms, GDP is what the population of a country earned, or what the population of a country spent. (GDP per Capita 2011) United States is the largest economy of the world, with...

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